Water vapor distributions measured with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding on board Envisat (MIPAS/Envisat)

Mathias Milz, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, M. Kiefer, A. Linden, G. Mengistu Tsidu, T. Steck, G. P. Stiller, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, M. E. Koukouli

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Abstract

We present water vapor profiles obtained from infrared limb emission measurements recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the European Environmental Satellite (Envisat). These retrievals are based on constrained nonlinear least squares fitting. The retrievals are very sensitive to the radiative signals of thin transparent clouds and measurements showing any signature of cloud contamination have been rigorously excluded. The vertical resolution of the retrieved water vapor profiles is 4.5 to 6.5 km up to an altitude of approximately 42 km. The resulting total error of the retrieved water vapor profiles, including measurement noise, systematic and random parameter uncertainties like interfering species or preretrieved temperature or spectroscopic data, is in the range of 6 to 9% in the stratosphere. Towards the tropopause, the error increases up to 30% due to the exponential gradient of the tropospheric water vapor profile, where small line of sight uncertainties lead to strong absolute variations in the water vapor profile below the hygropause. Averaged water vapor distributions obtained from measurements taken during 11 days in June, July, and August 2003 show the expected distributions with low water vapor volume mixing ratios (VMRs) above the tropopause, comparatively dry air inside the tropical stratospheric updraft region and indications for strong dehydration above the Antarctic continent inside the polar vortex. Additionally, in the transition from tropics to subtropics, a latitude band was observed where, in higher altitudes, large water vapor VMRs were measured compared to adjacent tropical and midlatitudinal regions. Especially over the Arabic peninsula, a moist region at 18 km altitude was observed, which was probably related to the South Asian monsoon circulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberD24307
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume110
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 27 2005

Fingerprint

MIPAS
atmospheric sounding
Michelson interferometers
Steam
water vapor
Satellites
profiles
tropopause
Upper atmosphere
mixing ratios
tropical regions
mixing ratio
retrieval
vertical air currents
Tropics
parameter uncertainty
polar vortex
distribution
interferometers
monsoons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Milz, Mathias ; von Clarmann, T. ; Fischer, H. ; Glatthor, N. ; Grabowski, U. ; Höpfner, M. ; Kellmann, S. ; Kiefer, M. ; Linden, A. ; Mengistu Tsidu, G. ; Steck, T. ; Stiller, G. P. ; Funke, B. ; López-Puertas, M. ; Koukouli, M. E. / Water vapor distributions measured with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding on board Envisat (MIPAS/Envisat). In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 2005 ; Vol. 110, No. 24. pp. 1-14.
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abstract = "We present water vapor profiles obtained from infrared limb emission measurements recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the European Environmental Satellite (Envisat). These retrievals are based on constrained nonlinear least squares fitting. The retrievals are very sensitive to the radiative signals of thin transparent clouds and measurements showing any signature of cloud contamination have been rigorously excluded. The vertical resolution of the retrieved water vapor profiles is 4.5 to 6.5 km up to an altitude of approximately 42 km. The resulting total error of the retrieved water vapor profiles, including measurement noise, systematic and random parameter uncertainties like interfering species or preretrieved temperature or spectroscopic data, is in the range of 6 to 9{\%} in the stratosphere. Towards the tropopause, the error increases up to 30{\%} due to the exponential gradient of the tropospheric water vapor profile, where small line of sight uncertainties lead to strong absolute variations in the water vapor profile below the hygropause. Averaged water vapor distributions obtained from measurements taken during 11 days in June, July, and August 2003 show the expected distributions with low water vapor volume mixing ratios (VMRs) above the tropopause, comparatively dry air inside the tropical stratospheric updraft region and indications for strong dehydration above the Antarctic continent inside the polar vortex. Additionally, in the transition from tropics to subtropics, a latitude band was observed where, in higher altitudes, large water vapor VMRs were measured compared to adjacent tropical and midlatitudinal regions. Especially over the Arabic peninsula, a moist region at 18 km altitude was observed, which was probably related to the South Asian monsoon circulation.",
author = "Mathias Milz and {von Clarmann}, T. and H. Fischer and N. Glatthor and U. Grabowski and M. H{\"o}pfner and S. Kellmann and M. Kiefer and A. Linden and {Mengistu Tsidu}, G. and T. Steck and Stiller, {G. P.} and B. Funke and M. L{\'o}pez-Puertas and Koukouli, {M. E.}",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
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Milz, M, von Clarmann, T, Fischer, H, Glatthor, N, Grabowski, U, Höpfner, M, Kellmann, S, Kiefer, M, Linden, A, Mengistu Tsidu, G, Steck, T, Stiller, GP, Funke, B, López-Puertas, M & Koukouli, ME 2005, 'Water vapor distributions measured with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding on board Envisat (MIPAS/Envisat)', Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 110, no. 24, D24307, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JD005973

Water vapor distributions measured with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding on board Envisat (MIPAS/Envisat). / Milz, Mathias; von Clarmann, T.; Fischer, H.; Glatthor, N.; Grabowski, U.; Höpfner, M.; Kellmann, S.; Kiefer, M.; Linden, A.; Mengistu Tsidu, G.; Steck, T.; Stiller, G. P.; Funke, B.; López-Puertas, M.; Koukouli, M. E.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 110, No. 24, D24307, 27.12.2005, p. 1-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Water vapor distributions measured with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding on board Envisat (MIPAS/Envisat)

AU - Milz, Mathias

AU - von Clarmann, T.

AU - Fischer, H.

AU - Glatthor, N.

AU - Grabowski, U.

AU - Höpfner, M.

AU - Kellmann, S.

AU - Kiefer, M.

AU - Linden, A.

AU - Mengistu Tsidu, G.

AU - Steck, T.

AU - Stiller, G. P.

AU - Funke, B.

AU - López-Puertas, M.

AU - Koukouli, M. E.

PY - 2005/12/27

Y1 - 2005/12/27

N2 - We present water vapor profiles obtained from infrared limb emission measurements recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the European Environmental Satellite (Envisat). These retrievals are based on constrained nonlinear least squares fitting. The retrievals are very sensitive to the radiative signals of thin transparent clouds and measurements showing any signature of cloud contamination have been rigorously excluded. The vertical resolution of the retrieved water vapor profiles is 4.5 to 6.5 km up to an altitude of approximately 42 km. The resulting total error of the retrieved water vapor profiles, including measurement noise, systematic and random parameter uncertainties like interfering species or preretrieved temperature or spectroscopic data, is in the range of 6 to 9% in the stratosphere. Towards the tropopause, the error increases up to 30% due to the exponential gradient of the tropospheric water vapor profile, where small line of sight uncertainties lead to strong absolute variations in the water vapor profile below the hygropause. Averaged water vapor distributions obtained from measurements taken during 11 days in June, July, and August 2003 show the expected distributions with low water vapor volume mixing ratios (VMRs) above the tropopause, comparatively dry air inside the tropical stratospheric updraft region and indications for strong dehydration above the Antarctic continent inside the polar vortex. Additionally, in the transition from tropics to subtropics, a latitude band was observed where, in higher altitudes, large water vapor VMRs were measured compared to adjacent tropical and midlatitudinal regions. Especially over the Arabic peninsula, a moist region at 18 km altitude was observed, which was probably related to the South Asian monsoon circulation.

AB - We present water vapor profiles obtained from infrared limb emission measurements recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the European Environmental Satellite (Envisat). These retrievals are based on constrained nonlinear least squares fitting. The retrievals are very sensitive to the radiative signals of thin transparent clouds and measurements showing any signature of cloud contamination have been rigorously excluded. The vertical resolution of the retrieved water vapor profiles is 4.5 to 6.5 km up to an altitude of approximately 42 km. The resulting total error of the retrieved water vapor profiles, including measurement noise, systematic and random parameter uncertainties like interfering species or preretrieved temperature or spectroscopic data, is in the range of 6 to 9% in the stratosphere. Towards the tropopause, the error increases up to 30% due to the exponential gradient of the tropospheric water vapor profile, where small line of sight uncertainties lead to strong absolute variations in the water vapor profile below the hygropause. Averaged water vapor distributions obtained from measurements taken during 11 days in June, July, and August 2003 show the expected distributions with low water vapor volume mixing ratios (VMRs) above the tropopause, comparatively dry air inside the tropical stratospheric updraft region and indications for strong dehydration above the Antarctic continent inside the polar vortex. Additionally, in the transition from tropics to subtropics, a latitude band was observed where, in higher altitudes, large water vapor VMRs were measured compared to adjacent tropical and midlatitudinal regions. Especially over the Arabic peninsula, a moist region at 18 km altitude was observed, which was probably related to the South Asian monsoon circulation.

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M3 - Article

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JO - Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres

SN - 0148-0227

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