Waste stabilisation ponds for anaerobic wastewater treatment

E.J. McAdam, I. Ansari, P. Cruddas, I. Martin-Garcia, J.N. Lester, N. Pursell, E. Cartmell, B. Jefferson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An anaerobic waste stabilisation pond (AWSP) has been assessed to enable energy neutral wastewater treatment at decentralised works. During start-up, chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency was comparable to full-scale AWSPs operated in moderate climates, thereby establishing the potential for treating wastewater in the less conducive European climate. The linear relationship between COD removal and time demonstrated that the AWSP had not reached steady-state, indicating further improvement in COD removal is expected. Data modelled on a 10 000 population equivalent catchment indicated that integrating an AWSP upstream of trickling filters presented the optimum configuration to minimise on-site electrical demand. Anaerobic WSP can generate sufficient electricity onsite to offset electrical demand. Anaerobic WSP can generate sufficient electricity onsite to offset electrical demand, recording a net on-site energy balance of +379?5 kWhe d-1. Using an AWSP for on-site sludge treatment also reduced exported sludge volume, markedly reducing the wastewater treatment total carbon dioxide equivalent emissions (carbon footprint) compared to conventional technologies. This study established AWSP as a significant future technology for sustainable decentralised wastewater treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-213
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability
Volume165
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Stabilization ponds
Wastewater treatment
Chemical oxygen demand
Electricity
Carbon footprint
Energy balance
Catchments
Carbon dioxide
Wastewater

Cite this

McAdam, E.J. ; Ansari, I. ; Cruddas, P. ; Martin-Garcia, I. ; Lester, J.N. ; Pursell, N. ; Cartmell, E. ; Jefferson, B. / Waste stabilisation ponds for anaerobic wastewater treatment. In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability. 2012 ; Vol. 165, No. 3. pp. 201-213.
@article{2cfb093212fd43c08eeb8617186af8bb,
title = "Waste stabilisation ponds for anaerobic wastewater treatment",
abstract = "An anaerobic waste stabilisation pond (AWSP) has been assessed to enable energy neutral wastewater treatment at decentralised works. During start-up, chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency was comparable to full-scale AWSPs operated in moderate climates, thereby establishing the potential for treating wastewater in the less conducive European climate. The linear relationship between COD removal and time demonstrated that the AWSP had not reached steady-state, indicating further improvement in COD removal is expected. Data modelled on a 10 000 population equivalent catchment indicated that integrating an AWSP upstream of trickling filters presented the optimum configuration to minimise on-site electrical demand. Anaerobic WSP can generate sufficient electricity onsite to offset electrical demand. Anaerobic WSP can generate sufficient electricity onsite to offset electrical demand, recording a net on-site energy balance of +379?5 kWhe d-1. Using an AWSP for on-site sludge treatment also reduced exported sludge volume, markedly reducing the wastewater treatment total carbon dioxide equivalent emissions (carbon footprint) compared to conventional technologies. This study established AWSP as a significant future technology for sustainable decentralised wastewater treatment.",
author = "E.J. McAdam and I. Ansari and P. Cruddas and I. Martin-Garcia and J.N. Lester and N. Pursell and E. Cartmell and B. Jefferson",
note = "Cited By :3 Export Date: 19 June 2018",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1680/ensu.10.00052",
language = "English",
volume = "165",
pages = "201--213",
journal = "Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability",
issn = "1478-4629",
publisher = "ICE Publishing Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

McAdam, EJ, Ansari, I, Cruddas, P, Martin-Garcia, I, Lester, JN, Pursell, N, Cartmell, E & Jefferson, B 2012, 'Waste stabilisation ponds for anaerobic wastewater treatment', Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability, vol. 165, no. 3, pp. 201-213. https://doi.org/10.1680/ensu.10.00052

Waste stabilisation ponds for anaerobic wastewater treatment. / McAdam, E.J.; Ansari, I.; Cruddas, P.; Martin-Garcia, I.; Lester, J.N.; Pursell, N.; Cartmell, E.; Jefferson, B.

In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability, Vol. 165, No. 3, 2012, p. 201-213.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Waste stabilisation ponds for anaerobic wastewater treatment

AU - McAdam, E.J.

AU - Ansari, I.

AU - Cruddas, P.

AU - Martin-Garcia, I.

AU - Lester, J.N.

AU - Pursell, N.

AU - Cartmell, E.

AU - Jefferson, B.

N1 - Cited By :3 Export Date: 19 June 2018

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - An anaerobic waste stabilisation pond (AWSP) has been assessed to enable energy neutral wastewater treatment at decentralised works. During start-up, chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency was comparable to full-scale AWSPs operated in moderate climates, thereby establishing the potential for treating wastewater in the less conducive European climate. The linear relationship between COD removal and time demonstrated that the AWSP had not reached steady-state, indicating further improvement in COD removal is expected. Data modelled on a 10 000 population equivalent catchment indicated that integrating an AWSP upstream of trickling filters presented the optimum configuration to minimise on-site electrical demand. Anaerobic WSP can generate sufficient electricity onsite to offset electrical demand. Anaerobic WSP can generate sufficient electricity onsite to offset electrical demand, recording a net on-site energy balance of +379?5 kWhe d-1. Using an AWSP for on-site sludge treatment also reduced exported sludge volume, markedly reducing the wastewater treatment total carbon dioxide equivalent emissions (carbon footprint) compared to conventional technologies. This study established AWSP as a significant future technology for sustainable decentralised wastewater treatment.

AB - An anaerobic waste stabilisation pond (AWSP) has been assessed to enable energy neutral wastewater treatment at decentralised works. During start-up, chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency was comparable to full-scale AWSPs operated in moderate climates, thereby establishing the potential for treating wastewater in the less conducive European climate. The linear relationship between COD removal and time demonstrated that the AWSP had not reached steady-state, indicating further improvement in COD removal is expected. Data modelled on a 10 000 population equivalent catchment indicated that integrating an AWSP upstream of trickling filters presented the optimum configuration to minimise on-site electrical demand. Anaerobic WSP can generate sufficient electricity onsite to offset electrical demand. Anaerobic WSP can generate sufficient electricity onsite to offset electrical demand, recording a net on-site energy balance of +379?5 kWhe d-1. Using an AWSP for on-site sludge treatment also reduced exported sludge volume, markedly reducing the wastewater treatment total carbon dioxide equivalent emissions (carbon footprint) compared to conventional technologies. This study established AWSP as a significant future technology for sustainable decentralised wastewater treatment.

U2 - 10.1680/ensu.10.00052

DO - 10.1680/ensu.10.00052

M3 - Article

VL - 165

SP - 201

EP - 213

JO - Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability

JF - Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability

SN - 1478-4629

IS - 3

ER -