Validation of stratospheric temperatures measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat

Ding Yi Wang, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, B. Funke, S. Gil-López, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, M. Kaufmann, S. Kellmann, M. Kiefer, M. E. Koukouli, A. Linden, M. López-Puertas, G. Mengistu Tsidu, M. Milz, T. Steck, G. P. Stiller, A. J. Simmons, A. Dethof & 8 others R. Swinbank, C. Marquardt, J. H. Jiang, L. J. Romans, J. Wickert, T. Schmidt, III Russell, E. Remsberg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) onboard the Envisat satellite provides temperature and various gas profiles from limb-viewing midinfrared emission measurements. The stratospheric temperatures retrieved at the Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK) for September/October 2002 and October/November 2003 are compared with a number of reference data sets, including global radiosonde (RS) observations, radio occultation (RO) measurements of Global Positioning System (GPS) on German Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) and Argentinean Satelite de Aplicaciones Cientificas-C (SAC-C) satellite, Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS), and the analyses of European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and Met Office (METO), United Kingdom. The data sets show a good general agreement. Between 10 and 30 km altitude the mean differences are within ±0.5 K for the averages over the height interval and within ±(1-1.5) K at individual levels for comparisons with RS, GPS-RO/CHAMP, and SAC-C, ECMWF, and METO. Between 30 and 45 km the MIPAS mean temperatures, averaged over the height region, are higher than ECMWF but lower than METO by ∼1.5 K, while they differ by ±0.5 K with respect to HALOE, with maximum discrepancies of ∼2.5 K peaking around 35 km. Between 45 and 50 km, MIPAS temperatures show a low bias compared to HALOE, ECMWF, and METO with mean differences of -1 to -3 K and with a better agreement with HALOE. The large discrepancies between MIPAS and the analyses above 30 km likely suggest deficiency in the underlying general circulation models. The standard deviations vary between 2.5 and 3.5 K for individual data sets, with more than 70% being contributed from the expected variability of the atmosphere. Retrieved temperatures with accuracy of ∼0.5-1 K after removing the atmospheric variability provide highly accurate knowledge to characterize our environment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-17
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
    Volume110
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 27 2005

    Fingerprint

    Halogen Occultation Experiment
    MIPAS
    atmospheric sounding
    Michelson interferometers
    Upper atmosphere
    halogens
    weather
    Halogens
    forecasting
    halogen
    radio occultation
    radiosondes
    Global Positioning System
    Radiosondes
    Minisatellite Repeats
    payloads
    minisatellite repeats
    global positioning systems
    Satellites
    radiosonde

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • Oceanography
    • Forestry
    • Ecology
    • Aquatic Science
    • Water Science and Technology
    • Soil Science
    • Geochemistry and Petrology
    • Earth-Surface Processes
    • Atmospheric Science
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Palaeontology

    Cite this

    Wang, Ding Yi ; von Clarmann, T. ; Fischer, H. ; Funke, B. ; Gil-López, S. ; Glatthor, N. ; Grabowski, U. ; Höpfner, M. ; Kaufmann, M. ; Kellmann, S. ; Kiefer, M. ; Koukouli, M. E. ; Linden, A. ; López-Puertas, M. ; Tsidu, G. Mengistu ; Milz, M. ; Steck, T. ; Stiller, G. P. ; Simmons, A. J. ; Dethof, A. ; Swinbank, R. ; Marquardt, C. ; Jiang, J. H. ; Romans, L. J. ; Wickert, J. ; Schmidt, T. ; Russell, III ; Remsberg, E. / Validation of stratospheric temperatures measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat. In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 2005 ; Vol. 110, No. 8. pp. 1-17.
    @article{99ea7dbaff744255be55e29f2f9c5a5f,
    title = "Validation of stratospheric temperatures measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat",
    abstract = "The Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) onboard the Envisat satellite provides temperature and various gas profiles from limb-viewing midinfrared emission measurements. The stratospheric temperatures retrieved at the Institut f{\"u}r Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK) for September/October 2002 and October/November 2003 are compared with a number of reference data sets, including global radiosonde (RS) observations, radio occultation (RO) measurements of Global Positioning System (GPS) on German Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) and Argentinean Satelite de Aplicaciones Cientificas-C (SAC-C) satellite, Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS), and the analyses of European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and Met Office (METO), United Kingdom. The data sets show a good general agreement. Between 10 and 30 km altitude the mean differences are within ±0.5 K for the averages over the height interval and within ±(1-1.5) K at individual levels for comparisons with RS, GPS-RO/CHAMP, and SAC-C, ECMWF, and METO. Between 30 and 45 km the MIPAS mean temperatures, averaged over the height region, are higher than ECMWF but lower than METO by ∼1.5 K, while they differ by ±0.5 K with respect to HALOE, with maximum discrepancies of ∼2.5 K peaking around 35 km. Between 45 and 50 km, MIPAS temperatures show a low bias compared to HALOE, ECMWF, and METO with mean differences of -1 to -3 K and with a better agreement with HALOE. The large discrepancies between MIPAS and the analyses above 30 km likely suggest deficiency in the underlying general circulation models. The standard deviations vary between 2.5 and 3.5 K for individual data sets, with more than 70{\%} being contributed from the expected variability of the atmosphere. Retrieved temperatures with accuracy of ∼0.5-1 K after removing the atmospheric variability provide highly accurate knowledge to characterize our environment.",
    author = "Wang, {Ding Yi} and {von Clarmann}, T. and H. Fischer and B. Funke and S. Gil-L{\'o}pez and N. Glatthor and U. Grabowski and M. H{\"o}pfner and M. Kaufmann and S. Kellmann and M. Kiefer and Koukouli, {M. E.} and A. Linden and M. L{\'o}pez-Puertas and Tsidu, {G. Mengistu} and M. Milz and T. Steck and Stiller, {G. P.} and Simmons, {A. J.} and A. Dethof and R. Swinbank and C. Marquardt and Jiang, {J. H.} and Romans, {L. J.} and J. Wickert and T. Schmidt and III Russell and E. Remsberg",
    year = "2005",
    month = "4",
    day = "27",
    doi = "10.1029/2004JD005342",
    language = "English",
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    pages = "1--17",
    journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research",
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    publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
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    Wang, DY, von Clarmann, T, Fischer, H, Funke, B, Gil-López, S, Glatthor, N, Grabowski, U, Höpfner, M, Kaufmann, M, Kellmann, S, Kiefer, M, Koukouli, ME, Linden, A, López-Puertas, M, Tsidu, GM, Milz, M, Steck, T, Stiller, GP, Simmons, AJ, Dethof, A, Swinbank, R, Marquardt, C, Jiang, JH, Romans, LJ, Wickert, J, Schmidt, T, Russell, III & Remsberg, E 2005, 'Validation of stratospheric temperatures measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat', Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 110, no. 8, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004JD005342

    Validation of stratospheric temperatures measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat. / Wang, Ding Yi; von Clarmann, T.; Fischer, H.; Funke, B.; Gil-López, S.; Glatthor, N.; Grabowski, U.; Höpfner, M.; Kaufmann, M.; Kellmann, S.; Kiefer, M.; Koukouli, M. E.; Linden, A.; López-Puertas, M.; Tsidu, G. Mengistu; Milz, M.; Steck, T.; Stiller, G. P.; Simmons, A. J.; Dethof, A.; Swinbank, R.; Marquardt, C.; Jiang, J. H.; Romans, L. J.; Wickert, J.; Schmidt, T.; Russell, III; Remsberg, E.

    In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, Vol. 110, No. 8, 27.04.2005, p. 1-17.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Validation of stratospheric temperatures measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat

    AU - Wang, Ding Yi

    AU - von Clarmann, T.

    AU - Fischer, H.

    AU - Funke, B.

    AU - Gil-López, S.

    AU - Glatthor, N.

    AU - Grabowski, U.

    AU - Höpfner, M.

    AU - Kaufmann, M.

    AU - Kellmann, S.

    AU - Kiefer, M.

    AU - Koukouli, M. E.

    AU - Linden, A.

    AU - López-Puertas, M.

    AU - Tsidu, G. Mengistu

    AU - Milz, M.

    AU - Steck, T.

    AU - Stiller, G. P.

    AU - Simmons, A. J.

    AU - Dethof, A.

    AU - Swinbank, R.

    AU - Marquardt, C.

    AU - Jiang, J. H.

    AU - Romans, L. J.

    AU - Wickert, J.

    AU - Schmidt, T.

    AU - Russell, III

    AU - Remsberg, E.

    PY - 2005/4/27

    Y1 - 2005/4/27

    N2 - The Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) onboard the Envisat satellite provides temperature and various gas profiles from limb-viewing midinfrared emission measurements. The stratospheric temperatures retrieved at the Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK) for September/October 2002 and October/November 2003 are compared with a number of reference data sets, including global radiosonde (RS) observations, radio occultation (RO) measurements of Global Positioning System (GPS) on German Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) and Argentinean Satelite de Aplicaciones Cientificas-C (SAC-C) satellite, Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS), and the analyses of European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and Met Office (METO), United Kingdom. The data sets show a good general agreement. Between 10 and 30 km altitude the mean differences are within ±0.5 K for the averages over the height interval and within ±(1-1.5) K at individual levels for comparisons with RS, GPS-RO/CHAMP, and SAC-C, ECMWF, and METO. Between 30 and 45 km the MIPAS mean temperatures, averaged over the height region, are higher than ECMWF but lower than METO by ∼1.5 K, while they differ by ±0.5 K with respect to HALOE, with maximum discrepancies of ∼2.5 K peaking around 35 km. Between 45 and 50 km, MIPAS temperatures show a low bias compared to HALOE, ECMWF, and METO with mean differences of -1 to -3 K and with a better agreement with HALOE. The large discrepancies between MIPAS and the analyses above 30 km likely suggest deficiency in the underlying general circulation models. The standard deviations vary between 2.5 and 3.5 K for individual data sets, with more than 70% being contributed from the expected variability of the atmosphere. Retrieved temperatures with accuracy of ∼0.5-1 K after removing the atmospheric variability provide highly accurate knowledge to characterize our environment.

    AB - The Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) onboard the Envisat satellite provides temperature and various gas profiles from limb-viewing midinfrared emission measurements. The stratospheric temperatures retrieved at the Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK) for September/October 2002 and October/November 2003 are compared with a number of reference data sets, including global radiosonde (RS) observations, radio occultation (RO) measurements of Global Positioning System (GPS) on German Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) and Argentinean Satelite de Aplicaciones Cientificas-C (SAC-C) satellite, Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS), and the analyses of European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and Met Office (METO), United Kingdom. The data sets show a good general agreement. Between 10 and 30 km altitude the mean differences are within ±0.5 K for the averages over the height interval and within ±(1-1.5) K at individual levels for comparisons with RS, GPS-RO/CHAMP, and SAC-C, ECMWF, and METO. Between 30 and 45 km the MIPAS mean temperatures, averaged over the height region, are higher than ECMWF but lower than METO by ∼1.5 K, while they differ by ±0.5 K with respect to HALOE, with maximum discrepancies of ∼2.5 K peaking around 35 km. Between 45 and 50 km, MIPAS temperatures show a low bias compared to HALOE, ECMWF, and METO with mean differences of -1 to -3 K and with a better agreement with HALOE. The large discrepancies between MIPAS and the analyses above 30 km likely suggest deficiency in the underlying general circulation models. The standard deviations vary between 2.5 and 3.5 K for individual data sets, with more than 70% being contributed from the expected variability of the atmosphere. Retrieved temperatures with accuracy of ∼0.5-1 K after removing the atmospheric variability provide highly accurate knowledge to characterize our environment.

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