Thermophysical analysis and modeling of the crystallization and melting behavior of PLA with talc: Kinetics and crystalline structures

Zakariaa Refaa, M’hamed Boutaous, Shihe Xin, Dennis A. Siginer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The crystallization kinetics and the melting behavior of PLA and PLA with talc are investigated by dynamic scanning calorimeter and optical microscopy. The polymorphic aspect of PLA was highlighted by analyzing the melting process throughout heating after isothermal crystallization. The melting process of PLA with 5 mass% talc (PLAT5) shows the same thermal transitions as for PLA alone. The thermodynamic melting temperature of PLA and PLAT5 is determined to be 167.7 °C. The effects of the temperature and the cooling rate on the crystallization kinetics of PLA are analyzed. Finally, a simple and efficient protocol is defined to model the isothermal and the non-isothermal crystallization taking into account the polymorphism of PLA. Good agreement is found between the predictions of the proposed model and the experimental results under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-698
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Volume128
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017

Fingerprint

Talc
talc
Crystallization
Melting
Crystallization kinetics
melting
crystallization
Crystalline materials
kinetics
Industrial heating
Polymorphism
Calorimeters
Optical microscopy
Melting point
polymorphism
Thermodynamics
Cooling
calorimeters
Scanning
microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The crystallization kinetics and the melting behavior of PLA and PLA with talc are investigated by dynamic scanning calorimeter and optical microscopy. The polymorphic aspect of PLA was highlighted by analyzing the melting process throughout heating after isothermal crystallization. The melting process of PLA with 5 mass{\%} talc (PLAT5) shows the same thermal transitions as for PLA alone. The thermodynamic melting temperature of PLA and PLAT5 is determined to be 167.7 °C. The effects of the temperature and the cooling rate on the crystallization kinetics of PLA are analyzed. Finally, a simple and efficient protocol is defined to model the isothermal and the non-isothermal crystallization taking into account the polymorphism of PLA. Good agreement is found between the predictions of the proposed model and the experimental results under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions.",
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Thermophysical analysis and modeling of the crystallization and melting behavior of PLA with talc : Kinetics and crystalline structures. / Refaa, Zakariaa; Boutaous, M’hamed; Xin, Shihe; Siginer, Dennis A.

In: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 128, No. 2, 01.05.2017, p. 687-698.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Thermophysical analysis and modeling of the crystallization and melting behavior of PLA with talc

T2 - Kinetics and crystalline structures

AU - Refaa, Zakariaa

AU - Boutaous, M’hamed

AU - Xin, Shihe

AU - Siginer, Dennis A.

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AB - The crystallization kinetics and the melting behavior of PLA and PLA with talc are investigated by dynamic scanning calorimeter and optical microscopy. The polymorphic aspect of PLA was highlighted by analyzing the melting process throughout heating after isothermal crystallization. The melting process of PLA with 5 mass% talc (PLAT5) shows the same thermal transitions as for PLA alone. The thermodynamic melting temperature of PLA and PLAT5 is determined to be 167.7 °C. The effects of the temperature and the cooling rate on the crystallization kinetics of PLA are analyzed. Finally, a simple and efficient protocol is defined to model the isothermal and the non-isothermal crystallization taking into account the polymorphism of PLA. Good agreement is found between the predictions of the proposed model and the experimental results under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions.

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