Thermodynamic Study of Hydrogen Production via Bioglycerol Steam Reforming

Zsolt Tasnadi-Asztalos, Arpad Imre-Lucaci, Calin Cristian Cormos, Ana Maria Cormos, Mihaela Diana Lazar, Paul Serban Agachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A thermodynamic analysis and experimental validation of bioglycerol catalytic steam reforming process using Ni/Al2O3 catalyst for hydrogen production is presented in this article. The thermodynamic study was performed by developing a mathematical model of the process using ChemCAD process simulator a well-known and widely used CAPE tool. All major reactions and major products (H2, CO, CO2, CH4, C) obtained in the steam reforming of glycerol were considered in the thermodynamic analysis. For the validation of the simulation results, the results were compared with experimental data reported by literature. Following thermodynamic study the most important factors which influence the steam reforming of bioglycerol are the water/bioglycerol molar ratio and the temperature. The concentrations of the main product (H2) at lower temperature are smaller than the ones at higher temperature due to by-products formation (methane). The maximum concentration of H2 was obtained at 650 - 700 °C, 1bar and molar ratio water/glycerol 10: 1. The main by-products concentration (expressed in dry concentrations) where H2 concentration is maximum, are the following: 0 % mol CH4, 21.2 % mol CO, 9.7 % mol CO2. The minimum formation of CH4 and C was obtained at 1 bar, 1,000 °C and molar ratio water/glycerol 10: 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1735-1740
Number of pages6
JournalComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Steam reforming
Hydrogen production
Glycerol
Thermodynamics
Carbon Monoxide
Byproducts
Water
Catalytic reforming
Methane
Temperature
Simulators
Mathematical models
Catalysts

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Tasnadi-Asztalos, Zsolt ; Imre-Lucaci, Arpad ; Cormos, Calin Cristian ; Cormos, Ana Maria ; Lazar, Mihaela Diana ; Agachi, Paul Serban. / Thermodynamic Study of Hydrogen Production via Bioglycerol Steam Reforming. In: Computer Aided Chemical Engineering. 2014 ; Vol. 33. pp. 1735-1740.
@article{5eb161c45d854655a75c5d3e6acb891c,
title = "Thermodynamic Study of Hydrogen Production via Bioglycerol Steam Reforming",
abstract = "A thermodynamic analysis and experimental validation of bioglycerol catalytic steam reforming process using Ni/Al2O3 catalyst for hydrogen production is presented in this article. The thermodynamic study was performed by developing a mathematical model of the process using ChemCAD process simulator a well-known and widely used CAPE tool. All major reactions and major products (H2, CO, CO2, CH4, C) obtained in the steam reforming of glycerol were considered in the thermodynamic analysis. For the validation of the simulation results, the results were compared with experimental data reported by literature. Following thermodynamic study the most important factors which influence the steam reforming of bioglycerol are the water/bioglycerol molar ratio and the temperature. The concentrations of the main product (H2) at lower temperature are smaller than the ones at higher temperature due to by-products formation (methane). The maximum concentration of H2 was obtained at 650 - 700 °C, 1bar and molar ratio water/glycerol 10: 1. The main by-products concentration (expressed in dry concentrations) where H2 concentration is maximum, are the following: 0 {\%} mol CH4, 21.2 {\%} mol CO, 9.7 {\%} mol CO2. The minimum formation of CH4 and C was obtained at 1 bar, 1,000 °C and molar ratio water/glycerol 10: 1.",
author = "Zsolt Tasnadi-Asztalos and Arpad Imre-Lucaci and Cormos, {Calin Cristian} and Cormos, {Ana Maria} and Lazar, {Mihaela Diana} and Agachi, {Paul Serban}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-444-63455-9.50124-0",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "1735--1740",
journal = "Computer Aided Chemical Engineering",
issn = "1570-7946",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Thermodynamic Study of Hydrogen Production via Bioglycerol Steam Reforming. / Tasnadi-Asztalos, Zsolt; Imre-Lucaci, Arpad; Cormos, Calin Cristian; Cormos, Ana Maria; Lazar, Mihaela Diana; Agachi, Paul Serban.

In: Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, Vol. 33, 01.01.2014, p. 1735-1740.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermodynamic Study of Hydrogen Production via Bioglycerol Steam Reforming

AU - Tasnadi-Asztalos, Zsolt

AU - Imre-Lucaci, Arpad

AU - Cormos, Calin Cristian

AU - Cormos, Ana Maria

AU - Lazar, Mihaela Diana

AU - Agachi, Paul Serban

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - A thermodynamic analysis and experimental validation of bioglycerol catalytic steam reforming process using Ni/Al2O3 catalyst for hydrogen production is presented in this article. The thermodynamic study was performed by developing a mathematical model of the process using ChemCAD process simulator a well-known and widely used CAPE tool. All major reactions and major products (H2, CO, CO2, CH4, C) obtained in the steam reforming of glycerol were considered in the thermodynamic analysis. For the validation of the simulation results, the results were compared with experimental data reported by literature. Following thermodynamic study the most important factors which influence the steam reforming of bioglycerol are the water/bioglycerol molar ratio and the temperature. The concentrations of the main product (H2) at lower temperature are smaller than the ones at higher temperature due to by-products formation (methane). The maximum concentration of H2 was obtained at 650 - 700 °C, 1bar and molar ratio water/glycerol 10: 1. The main by-products concentration (expressed in dry concentrations) where H2 concentration is maximum, are the following: 0 % mol CH4, 21.2 % mol CO, 9.7 % mol CO2. The minimum formation of CH4 and C was obtained at 1 bar, 1,000 °C and molar ratio water/glycerol 10: 1.

AB - A thermodynamic analysis and experimental validation of bioglycerol catalytic steam reforming process using Ni/Al2O3 catalyst for hydrogen production is presented in this article. The thermodynamic study was performed by developing a mathematical model of the process using ChemCAD process simulator a well-known and widely used CAPE tool. All major reactions and major products (H2, CO, CO2, CH4, C) obtained in the steam reforming of glycerol were considered in the thermodynamic analysis. For the validation of the simulation results, the results were compared with experimental data reported by literature. Following thermodynamic study the most important factors which influence the steam reforming of bioglycerol are the water/bioglycerol molar ratio and the temperature. The concentrations of the main product (H2) at lower temperature are smaller than the ones at higher temperature due to by-products formation (methane). The maximum concentration of H2 was obtained at 650 - 700 °C, 1bar and molar ratio water/glycerol 10: 1. The main by-products concentration (expressed in dry concentrations) where H2 concentration is maximum, are the following: 0 % mol CH4, 21.2 % mol CO, 9.7 % mol CO2. The minimum formation of CH4 and C was obtained at 1 bar, 1,000 °C and molar ratio water/glycerol 10: 1.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84902955845&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84902955845&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-444-63455-9.50124-0

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-444-63455-9.50124-0

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 1735

EP - 1740

JO - Computer Aided Chemical Engineering

JF - Computer Aided Chemical Engineering

SN - 1570-7946

ER -