The effect of salinity on in-situ generated CO2 gas: Simulations and experiments

Onur Coskun, Robert Svec, Dennis Siginer, Reid Grigg, Sayavur I. Bakhtiyarov

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Carbon dioxide (CO2) injection has been used as a commercial process for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) since the 1970's. Recently, a new in-situ CO2 gas generation technology has been developed but not well studied. We conducted experiments to observe the dynamics of the system with different temperatures, injection sequences of chemical agents, chemical additives, and behavior of CO2 generation with respect to these varying factors and comparison of the actual CO2 pressure with the calculated values. Experiments on generation of CO2 gas as a result of reactions of gas forming and gas yielding solutions were carried out. It is shown that the injection sequence of the chemicals affects the reaction characteristics, but the total amount of CO2 gas generated does not vary significantly. Regardless of the injected solution (either gas forming or gas yielding) the maximum attainable pressures are less than the calculated pressures as a result of chemical equilibrium in the system; so this difference should be considered while calculating the size of the slug in the field applications. The brine concentration has an impact on CO2 solubility in water and so on CO2 pressure. Because of this impact, brine concentration of formation water should be considered in addition to the brine which is introduced to the system by the reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Nov 5 2006Nov 10 2006


Other2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago, IL

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of salinity on in-situ generated CO<sub>2</sub> gas: Simulations and experiments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this