The effect of bentonite on AFB1, AFB2, AFG2 and T-2 mycotoxins decomposition in sunflower oil under the irradiation of ultraviolet light

Gombos Sándor, Paul Şerban Agachi

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bentonite was used as a photocatalyst in the degradation of mycotoxins in sunflower oil, under UV-illumination. The objective of this study was to investigate and evaluate the efficiency of bentonite adding to sunflower oil to decompose the solubilised B1, B2, G2 aflatoxins and T-2 toxin by UV light irradiating, as solution to increase vegetable oil quality. Identification of decontaminating process particularities consists in the formulation of mathematical model which describes the influence of process parameters on the decomposition of mycotoxins. In the present work, decontamination process was studied at laboratory scale using a plug-flow photoreactor, serial connected with a buffer vessel, at constant operating temperature and irradiating time. The kinetics of photocatalytic process was assumed to follow a pseudo-first-order rate law. The apparent photodegradation rate constant depend strongly on the present mycotoxin, the bentonite catalyst contribute to obtain much lower mycotoxin concentrations. The model predicted maximum values of apparent photodegradation constants were compared with the experimental data, the model was verified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-259
Number of pages11
JournalStudia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Bentonite
Mycotoxins
Irradiation
Decomposition
Photodegradation
T-2 Toxin
Plant Oils
Decontamination
Photocatalysts
Ultraviolet radiation
Rate constants
Buffers
Lighting
Mathematical models
Degradation
Catalysts
Kinetics
sunflower seed oil
Ultraviolet Rays
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Bentonite was used as a photocatalyst in the degradation of mycotoxins in sunflower oil, under UV-illumination. The objective of this study was to investigate and evaluate the efficiency of bentonite adding to sunflower oil to decompose the solubilised B1, B2, G2 aflatoxins and T-2 toxin by UV light irradiating, as solution to increase vegetable oil quality. Identification of decontaminating process particularities consists in the formulation of mathematical model which describes the influence of process parameters on the decomposition of mycotoxins. In the present work, decontamination process was studied at laboratory scale using a plug-flow photoreactor, serial connected with a buffer vessel, at constant operating temperature and irradiating time. The kinetics of photocatalytic process was assumed to follow a pseudo-first-order rate law. The apparent photodegradation rate constant depend strongly on the present mycotoxin, the bentonite catalyst contribute to obtain much lower mycotoxin concentrations. The model predicted maximum values of apparent photodegradation constants were compared with the experimental data, the model was verified.",
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