Systematic evolutionary algorithm for general multilevel stackelberg problems with bounded decision variables (SEAMSP)

Ashenafi Teklay Woldemariam, Semu Mitiku Kassa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Multilevel Stackelberg problems are nested optimization problems which reply optimally to hierarchical decisions of subproblems. These kind of problems are common in hierarchical decision making systems and are known to be NP-hard. In this paper, a systematic evolutionary algorithm has been proposed for such types of problems. A unique feature of the algorithm is that it is not affected by the nature of the objective and constraint functions involved in the problem as long as the problem has a solution. The convergence proof of the proposed algorithm is given for special problems containing non-convex and nondifferentiable functions. Moreover, a new concept of (ε, δ)-approximation for Stackelberg solutions is defined. Using this definition comparison of approximate Stackelberg solutions has been studied in this work. The numerical results on various problems demonstrated that the proposed algorithm is very much promising to multilevel Stackelberg problems with bounded constraints, and it can be used as a benchmark for a comparison of approximate results by other algorithms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-790
Number of pages20
JournalAnnals of Operations Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Management Science and Operations Research

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