The synthesis of a large number of β-and β,β-substituted keto esters was successful by the use of the Knoevenagel condensation reaction. The stereoselectivity of these reactions was improved by alteration of various substituent groups. Although there were few examples of complete Z selectivity, the use of tert-butyl acetoacetate with either aromatic or aliphatic aldehydes afforded Z selectivity. The selective reductions of these substituted keto esters was successfully achieved by using a combination of NaBH 4 and CeCl 3·7H 2O or Yb(OTf) 3, which allowed a facile synthesis of a large number of stereochemically pure substituted Morita-Baylis-Hillman adducts, including β,β-substituted adducts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry