Stratospheric N2O5 in the austral spring 2002 as retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)

G. Mengistu Tsidu, T. von Clarmann, G. P. Stiller, M. Höpfner, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, S. Kellmann, M. Kiefer, A. Linden, M. Milz, T. Steck, D. Y. Wang, B. Funke

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Abstract

N2O5 was retrieved from infrared limb emission spectral radiances made by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the European environmental satellite (ENVISAT). The measurements were taken during the period covering the Antarctic polar vortex split between 20 September and 13 October 2002. The retrieval of N2O5 is aggravated by its continuum-like emission feature covering a wide spectral region, which is hardly distinguishable from background continuum emission. The method of constraining the background continuum in the N2O 5 analysis spectral region to its value in a N 2O5-free spectral region was found to be appropriate to solve this problem. Retrieved volume mixing ratios (VMR) of N2O5 exhibit features consistent with the dynamics prevalent at the time in the Antarctic and known N 2O5 chemistry governing diurnal variability. The observations of low N2O5 inside vortex air mass and rich N2O5 exvortex air mass are strongly in support of the chemistry that governs its partitioning within the NO y family. The enhanced nighttime high geographic latitude N2O5 VMR with a peak of 4.4 ppbv in the altitude range of 32-37 km during the last week of September 2002 is consistent with air mass transport from lower to high latitudes and temperature-sensitive N2O5 formation chemistry. N 2O5 enhancement up to 6 ppbv was also observed by the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer(CLAES) and Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS) experiments on Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) during Northern Hemisphere January 1992 stratospheric warming which was a factor of 3 larger than any measurements of N2O5 prior to UARS. In contrast, a maximum of 4.4 ppbv N2O5 VMR observed by MIPAS at 32-37 km is only a factor of 2 larger than its prewarming values.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume109
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 27 2004

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MIPAS
atmospheric sounding
Michelson interferometers
Upper atmosphere
air masses
mixing ratios
limbs
mixing ratio
air mass
limb
chemistry
emission spectra
Satellites
continuums
air
Vortex flow
coverings
Air
stratospheric warming
vortices

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Tsidu, G. Mengistu ; von Clarmann, T. ; Stiller, G. P. ; Höpfner, M. ; Fischer, H. ; Glatthor, N. ; Grabowski, U. ; Kellmann, S. ; Kiefer, M. ; Linden, A. ; Milz, M. ; Steck, T. ; Wang, D. Y. ; Funke, B. / Stratospheric N2O5 in the austral spring 2002 as retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 2004 ; Vol. 109, No. 18.
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abstract = "N2O5 was retrieved from infrared limb emission spectral radiances made by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the European environmental satellite (ENVISAT). The measurements were taken during the period covering the Antarctic polar vortex split between 20 September and 13 October 2002. The retrieval of N2O5 is aggravated by its continuum-like emission feature covering a wide spectral region, which is hardly distinguishable from background continuum emission. The method of constraining the background continuum in the N2O 5 analysis spectral region to its value in a N 2O5-free spectral region was found to be appropriate to solve this problem. Retrieved volume mixing ratios (VMR) of N2O5 exhibit features consistent with the dynamics prevalent at the time in the Antarctic and known N 2O5 chemistry governing diurnal variability. The observations of low N2O5 inside vortex air mass and rich N2O5 exvortex air mass are strongly in support of the chemistry that governs its partitioning within the NO y family. The enhanced nighttime high geographic latitude N2O5 VMR with a peak of 4.4 ppbv in the altitude range of 32-37 km during the last week of September 2002 is consistent with air mass transport from lower to high latitudes and temperature-sensitive N2O5 formation chemistry. N 2O5 enhancement up to 6 ppbv was also observed by the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer(CLAES) and Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS) experiments on Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) during Northern Hemisphere January 1992 stratospheric warming which was a factor of 3 larger than any measurements of N2O5 prior to UARS. In contrast, a maximum of 4.4 ppbv N2O5 VMR observed by MIPAS at 32-37 km is only a factor of 2 larger than its prewarming values.",
author = "Tsidu, {G. Mengistu} and {von Clarmann}, T. and Stiller, {G. P.} and M. H{\"o}pfner and H. Fischer and N. Glatthor and U. Grabowski and S. Kellmann and M. Kiefer and A. Linden and M. Milz and T. Steck and Wang, {D. Y.} and B. Funke",
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Tsidu, GM, von Clarmann, T, Stiller, GP, Höpfner, M, Fischer, H, Glatthor, N, Grabowski, U, Kellmann, S, Kiefer, M, Linden, A, Milz, M, Steck, T, Wang, DY & Funke, B 2004, 'Stratospheric N2O5 in the austral spring 2002 as retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)', Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 109, no. 18. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004JD004856

Stratospheric N2O5 in the austral spring 2002 as retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). / Tsidu, G. Mengistu; von Clarmann, T.; Stiller, G. P.; Höpfner, M.; Fischer, H.; Glatthor, N.; Grabowski, U.; Kellmann, S.; Kiefer, M.; Linden, A.; Milz, M.; Steck, T.; Wang, D. Y.; Funke, B.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 109, No. 18, 27.09.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stratospheric N2O5 in the austral spring 2002 as retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)

AU - Tsidu, G. Mengistu

AU - von Clarmann, T.

AU - Stiller, G. P.

AU - Höpfner, M.

AU - Fischer, H.

AU - Glatthor, N.

AU - Grabowski, U.

AU - Kellmann, S.

AU - Kiefer, M.

AU - Linden, A.

AU - Milz, M.

AU - Steck, T.

AU - Wang, D. Y.

AU - Funke, B.

PY - 2004/9/27

Y1 - 2004/9/27

N2 - N2O5 was retrieved from infrared limb emission spectral radiances made by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the European environmental satellite (ENVISAT). The measurements were taken during the period covering the Antarctic polar vortex split between 20 September and 13 October 2002. The retrieval of N2O5 is aggravated by its continuum-like emission feature covering a wide spectral region, which is hardly distinguishable from background continuum emission. The method of constraining the background continuum in the N2O 5 analysis spectral region to its value in a N 2O5-free spectral region was found to be appropriate to solve this problem. Retrieved volume mixing ratios (VMR) of N2O5 exhibit features consistent with the dynamics prevalent at the time in the Antarctic and known N 2O5 chemistry governing diurnal variability. The observations of low N2O5 inside vortex air mass and rich N2O5 exvortex air mass are strongly in support of the chemistry that governs its partitioning within the NO y family. The enhanced nighttime high geographic latitude N2O5 VMR with a peak of 4.4 ppbv in the altitude range of 32-37 km during the last week of September 2002 is consistent with air mass transport from lower to high latitudes and temperature-sensitive N2O5 formation chemistry. N 2O5 enhancement up to 6 ppbv was also observed by the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer(CLAES) and Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS) experiments on Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) during Northern Hemisphere January 1992 stratospheric warming which was a factor of 3 larger than any measurements of N2O5 prior to UARS. In contrast, a maximum of 4.4 ppbv N2O5 VMR observed by MIPAS at 32-37 km is only a factor of 2 larger than its prewarming values.

AB - N2O5 was retrieved from infrared limb emission spectral radiances made by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the European environmental satellite (ENVISAT). The measurements were taken during the period covering the Antarctic polar vortex split between 20 September and 13 October 2002. The retrieval of N2O5 is aggravated by its continuum-like emission feature covering a wide spectral region, which is hardly distinguishable from background continuum emission. The method of constraining the background continuum in the N2O 5 analysis spectral region to its value in a N 2O5-free spectral region was found to be appropriate to solve this problem. Retrieved volume mixing ratios (VMR) of N2O5 exhibit features consistent with the dynamics prevalent at the time in the Antarctic and known N 2O5 chemistry governing diurnal variability. The observations of low N2O5 inside vortex air mass and rich N2O5 exvortex air mass are strongly in support of the chemistry that governs its partitioning within the NO y family. The enhanced nighttime high geographic latitude N2O5 VMR with a peak of 4.4 ppbv in the altitude range of 32-37 km during the last week of September 2002 is consistent with air mass transport from lower to high latitudes and temperature-sensitive N2O5 formation chemistry. N 2O5 enhancement up to 6 ppbv was also observed by the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer(CLAES) and Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS) experiments on Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) during Northern Hemisphere January 1992 stratospheric warming which was a factor of 3 larger than any measurements of N2O5 prior to UARS. In contrast, a maximum of 4.4 ppbv N2O5 VMR observed by MIPAS at 32-37 km is only a factor of 2 larger than its prewarming values.

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