Status of Biomass Derived Carbon Materials for Supercapacitor Application

Talam Kibona Enock, Cecil K. King'ondu, Alexander Pogrebnoi, Yusufu Abeid Chande Jande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Environmental concerns and energy security uncertainties associated with fossil fuels have driven the world to shift to renewable energy sources. However, most renewable energy sources with exception of hydropower are intermittent in nature and thus need storage systems. Amongst various storage systems, supercapacitors are the promising candidates for energy storage not only in renewable energies but also in hybrid vehicles and portable devices due to their high power density. Supercapacitor electrodes are almost invariably made of carbon derived from biomass. Several reviews had been focused on general carbon materials for supercapacitor electrode. This review is focused on understanding the extent to which different types of biomasses have been used as porous carbon materials for supercapacitor electrodes. It also details hydrothermal microwave assisted, ionothermal, and molten salts carbonization as techniques of synthesizing activated carbon from biomasses as well as their characteristics and their impacts on electrochemical performance.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Electrochemistry
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Biomass
Carbon
Electrodes
Energy security
Carbonization
Hybrid vehicles
Fossil fuels
Activated carbon
Energy storage
Molten materials
Salts
Microwaves
Supercapacitor

Cite this

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abstract = "Environmental concerns and energy security uncertainties associated with fossil fuels have driven the world to shift to renewable energy sources. However, most renewable energy sources with exception of hydropower are intermittent in nature and thus need storage systems. Amongst various storage systems, supercapacitors are the promising candidates for energy storage not only in renewable energies but also in hybrid vehicles and portable devices due to their high power density. Supercapacitor electrodes are almost invariably made of carbon derived from biomass. Several reviews had been focused on general carbon materials for supercapacitor electrode. This review is focused on understanding the extent to which different types of biomasses have been used as porous carbon materials for supercapacitor electrodes. It also details hydrothermal microwave assisted, ionothermal, and molten salts carbonization as techniques of synthesizing activated carbon from biomasses as well as their characteristics and their impacts on electrochemical performance.",
author = "Enock, {Talam Kibona} and King'ondu, {Cecil K.} and Alexander Pogrebnoi and Jande, {Yusufu Abeid Chande}",
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Status of Biomass Derived Carbon Materials for Supercapacitor Application. / Enock, Talam Kibona; King'ondu, Cecil K.; Pogrebnoi, Alexander; Jande, Yusufu Abeid Chande.

In: International Journal of Electrochemistry, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Status of Biomass Derived Carbon Materials for Supercapacitor Application

AU - Enock, Talam Kibona

AU - King'ondu, Cecil K.

AU - Pogrebnoi, Alexander

AU - Jande, Yusufu Abeid Chande

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

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AB - Environmental concerns and energy security uncertainties associated with fossil fuels have driven the world to shift to renewable energy sources. However, most renewable energy sources with exception of hydropower are intermittent in nature and thus need storage systems. Amongst various storage systems, supercapacitors are the promising candidates for energy storage not only in renewable energies but also in hybrid vehicles and portable devices due to their high power density. Supercapacitor electrodes are almost invariably made of carbon derived from biomass. Several reviews had been focused on general carbon materials for supercapacitor electrode. This review is focused on understanding the extent to which different types of biomasses have been used as porous carbon materials for supercapacitor electrodes. It also details hydrothermal microwave assisted, ionothermal, and molten salts carbonization as techniques of synthesizing activated carbon from biomasses as well as their characteristics and their impacts on electrochemical performance.

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