Statistical modeling of social risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases among female youths in Nigeria

Ayo Stephen Adebowale, Musibau Titiloye, Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe, Odunayo Joshua Akinyemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are preventable, but the social risks factors connected to them are often not understood, particularly by female youths. There has been a dearth of information on the identification of social risk factors influencing STDs among female youths in Nigeria, hence we conducted this study. Methodology: This retrospective cross-sectional study utilized the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2008. It focused on female youths aged 15-24 (n=7,736) who ever had sexual intercourse. Data was analyzed using Chi-square and logistic regression models. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 20.2±2.5years. More female youths aged between 20 and 24 years contracted STDs in the last 12 months (2.5%) than those between the ages of 15 and 19 months (1.4%). A year prevalence of STDs among female youths in Nigeria was 2.1%. Socio-demographic factors such as age, education, wealth index, marital status, shared toilet, residence, contraceptive use, and total life-time number of sexual partners were found to be associated risk factors for contracting STDs (p<0.05). Controlling for potential confounding variables at the fifth iteration, the identified predictors of contracting STDs were wealth index, total lifetime number of sexual partners, awareness of HIV/AIDS, and shared toilet facility (p<0.05). Conclusions: The data confirmed the considerable impact of wealth index and awareness of HIV/AIDS as important predictors of STDs acquisition. Providing free condoms, along with teaching the importance of abstinence and improving knowledge of HIV/AIDS, can help to reduce the risk of STDs transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Infection in Developing Countries
Volume7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Nigeria
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Sexual Partners
HIV
Logistic Models
Toilet Facilities
Demography
Social Identification
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Coitus
Marital Status
Condoms
Contraceptive Agents
Teaching
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology
  • Parasitology
  • Virology

Cite this

@article{d240f48578a04959b3957d05f722d22b,
title = "Statistical modeling of social risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases among female youths in Nigeria",
abstract = "Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are preventable, but the social risks factors connected to them are often not understood, particularly by female youths. There has been a dearth of information on the identification of social risk factors influencing STDs among female youths in Nigeria, hence we conducted this study. Methodology: This retrospective cross-sectional study utilized the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2008. It focused on female youths aged 15-24 (n=7,736) who ever had sexual intercourse. Data was analyzed using Chi-square and logistic regression models. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 20.2±2.5years. More female youths aged between 20 and 24 years contracted STDs in the last 12 months (2.5{\%}) than those between the ages of 15 and 19 months (1.4{\%}). A year prevalence of STDs among female youths in Nigeria was 2.1{\%}. Socio-demographic factors such as age, education, wealth index, marital status, shared toilet, residence, contraceptive use, and total life-time number of sexual partners were found to be associated risk factors for contracting STDs (p<0.05). Controlling for potential confounding variables at the fifth iteration, the identified predictors of contracting STDs were wealth index, total lifetime number of sexual partners, awareness of HIV/AIDS, and shared toilet facility (p<0.05). Conclusions: The data confirmed the considerable impact of wealth index and awareness of HIV/AIDS as important predictors of STDs acquisition. Providing free condoms, along with teaching the importance of abstinence and improving knowledge of HIV/AIDS, can help to reduce the risk of STDs transmission.",
author = "Adebowale, {Ayo Stephen} and Musibau Titiloye and Fagbamigbe, {Adeniyi Francis} and Akinyemi, {Odunayo Joshua}",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "17--27",
journal = "Journal of Infection in Developing Countries",
issn = "1972-2680",
publisher = "Journal of Infection in Developing Countries",
number = "1",

}

Statistical modeling of social risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases among female youths in Nigeria. / Adebowale, Ayo Stephen; Titiloye, Musibau; Fagbamigbe, Adeniyi Francis; Akinyemi, Odunayo Joshua.

In: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2013, p. 17-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Statistical modeling of social risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases among female youths in Nigeria

AU - Adebowale, Ayo Stephen

AU - Titiloye, Musibau

AU - Fagbamigbe, Adeniyi Francis

AU - Akinyemi, Odunayo Joshua

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are preventable, but the social risks factors connected to them are often not understood, particularly by female youths. There has been a dearth of information on the identification of social risk factors influencing STDs among female youths in Nigeria, hence we conducted this study. Methodology: This retrospective cross-sectional study utilized the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2008. It focused on female youths aged 15-24 (n=7,736) who ever had sexual intercourse. Data was analyzed using Chi-square and logistic regression models. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 20.2±2.5years. More female youths aged between 20 and 24 years contracted STDs in the last 12 months (2.5%) than those between the ages of 15 and 19 months (1.4%). A year prevalence of STDs among female youths in Nigeria was 2.1%. Socio-demographic factors such as age, education, wealth index, marital status, shared toilet, residence, contraceptive use, and total life-time number of sexual partners were found to be associated risk factors for contracting STDs (p<0.05). Controlling for potential confounding variables at the fifth iteration, the identified predictors of contracting STDs were wealth index, total lifetime number of sexual partners, awareness of HIV/AIDS, and shared toilet facility (p<0.05). Conclusions: The data confirmed the considerable impact of wealth index and awareness of HIV/AIDS as important predictors of STDs acquisition. Providing free condoms, along with teaching the importance of abstinence and improving knowledge of HIV/AIDS, can help to reduce the risk of STDs transmission.

AB - Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are preventable, but the social risks factors connected to them are often not understood, particularly by female youths. There has been a dearth of information on the identification of social risk factors influencing STDs among female youths in Nigeria, hence we conducted this study. Methodology: This retrospective cross-sectional study utilized the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2008. It focused on female youths aged 15-24 (n=7,736) who ever had sexual intercourse. Data was analyzed using Chi-square and logistic regression models. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 20.2±2.5years. More female youths aged between 20 and 24 years contracted STDs in the last 12 months (2.5%) than those between the ages of 15 and 19 months (1.4%). A year prevalence of STDs among female youths in Nigeria was 2.1%. Socio-demographic factors such as age, education, wealth index, marital status, shared toilet, residence, contraceptive use, and total life-time number of sexual partners were found to be associated risk factors for contracting STDs (p<0.05). Controlling for potential confounding variables at the fifth iteration, the identified predictors of contracting STDs were wealth index, total lifetime number of sexual partners, awareness of HIV/AIDS, and shared toilet facility (p<0.05). Conclusions: The data confirmed the considerable impact of wealth index and awareness of HIV/AIDS as important predictors of STDs acquisition. Providing free condoms, along with teaching the importance of abstinence and improving knowledge of HIV/AIDS, can help to reduce the risk of STDs transmission.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872369744&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872369744&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 23324816

AN - SCOPUS:84872369744

VL - 7

SP - 17

EP - 27

JO - Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

JF - Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

SN - 1972-2680

IS - 1

ER -