Statistical modeling of social risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases among female youths in Nigeria

Ayo Stephen Adebowale, Musibau Titiloye, Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe, Odunayo Joshua Akinyemi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are preventable, but the social risks factors connected to them are often not understood, particularly by female youths. There has been a dearth of information on the identification of social risk factors influencing STDs among female youths in Nigeria, hence we conducted this study. Methodology: This retrospective cross-sectional study utilized the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2008. It focused on female youths aged 15-24 (n=7,736) who ever had sexual intercourse. Data was analyzed using Chi-square and logistic regression models. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 20.2±2.5years. More female youths aged between 20 and 24 years contracted STDs in the last 12 months (2.5%) than those between the ages of 15 and 19 months (1.4%). A year prevalence of STDs among female youths in Nigeria was 2.1%. Socio-demographic factors such as age, education, wealth index, marital status, shared toilet, residence, contraceptive use, and total life-time number of sexual partners were found to be associated risk factors for contracting STDs (p<0.05). Controlling for potential confounding variables at the fifth iteration, the identified predictors of contracting STDs were wealth index, total lifetime number of sexual partners, awareness of HIV/AIDS, and shared toilet facility (p<0.05). Conclusions: The data confirmed the considerable impact of wealth index and awareness of HIV/AIDS as important predictors of STDs acquisition. Providing free condoms, along with teaching the importance of abstinence and improving knowledge of HIV/AIDS, can help to reduce the risk of STDs transmission.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)17-27
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Infection in Developing Countries
    Volume7
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    Nigeria
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    Sexual Partners
    HIV
    Logistic Models
    Toilet Facilities
    Demography
    Social Identification
    Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
    Coitus
    Marital Status
    Condoms
    Contraceptive Agents
    Teaching
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Education

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Infectious Diseases
    • Microbiology
    • Parasitology
    • Virology

    Cite this

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    title = "Statistical modeling of social risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases among female youths in Nigeria",
    abstract = "Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are preventable, but the social risks factors connected to them are often not understood, particularly by female youths. There has been a dearth of information on the identification of social risk factors influencing STDs among female youths in Nigeria, hence we conducted this study. Methodology: This retrospective cross-sectional study utilized the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2008. It focused on female youths aged 15-24 (n=7,736) who ever had sexual intercourse. Data was analyzed using Chi-square and logistic regression models. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 20.2±2.5years. More female youths aged between 20 and 24 years contracted STDs in the last 12 months (2.5{\%}) than those between the ages of 15 and 19 months (1.4{\%}). A year prevalence of STDs among female youths in Nigeria was 2.1{\%}. Socio-demographic factors such as age, education, wealth index, marital status, shared toilet, residence, contraceptive use, and total life-time number of sexual partners were found to be associated risk factors for contracting STDs (p<0.05). Controlling for potential confounding variables at the fifth iteration, the identified predictors of contracting STDs were wealth index, total lifetime number of sexual partners, awareness of HIV/AIDS, and shared toilet facility (p<0.05). Conclusions: The data confirmed the considerable impact of wealth index and awareness of HIV/AIDS as important predictors of STDs acquisition. Providing free condoms, along with teaching the importance of abstinence and improving knowledge of HIV/AIDS, can help to reduce the risk of STDs transmission.",
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    Statistical modeling of social risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases among female youths in Nigeria. / Adebowale, Ayo Stephen; Titiloye, Musibau; Fagbamigbe, Adeniyi Francis; Akinyemi, Odunayo Joshua.

    In: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2013, p. 17-27.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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