Specific capacitance–pore texture relationship of biogas slurry mesoporous carbon/MnO2 composite electrodes for supercapacitors

Talam Enock Kibona , Godlisten Shao, Hee Kim, Cecil K. King'ondu

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Here, we report synthesis of biogas slurry mesoporous carbon/MnO composites by simple co-precipitation route followed by thermal treatment at 250 °C for 6 h. The texture, morphology, crystal structure, and microstructure of the composites are investigated by nitrogen sorption studies, FESEM, HRTEM, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. All samples exhibit type IV isotherms. The BET surface area decreased from 514 to 110 m2 g while total pore volume decreased from 0.52 to 0.17 cm g for samples loaded with 2x10-5 and 2x10-3 moles of Mn. The electrodes fabricated exhibit high specific capacitance of 709 F g−1 at scan rate of 5 mV s−1. The specific capacitance at scan rate of 5 mV s−1 increases with increasing MnO2 content. However, at 50 mV s−1, specific capacitance decreases with increasing MnO2 content. Varying the MnO2 content and hence the textural parameters, strongly influences the specific capacitances of the composite electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-33
JournalNano-Structures and Nano-Objects
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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