Spaceborne CIO observations by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) before and during the antarctic major warming in September/October 2002

N. Glatthor, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, S. Kellman, M. Kiefer, A. Linden, M. Milz, T. Steck, G. P. Stiller, G. Mengistu Tsidu, D. Y. Wang, B. Funke

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Abstract

The first CIO profiles retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) Fourier transform spectrometer on board the European research satellite ENVISAT (Environmental Satellite) are presented. These measurements were taken between 8 September and 13 October 2002. They cover the Antarctic major warming around 25 September, an event which had never been observed before. Since CIO has only weak signatures in the midinfrared, more than a dozen of the strongest lines, all situated in the central P branch and Q branch region of the 1-0 band, were used for profile retrievals, which were based on constrained nonlinear least squares fitting. During the period of investigation, MIPAS measured typical CIO volume mixing ratios (vmrs) between 1 ±0.4 and 2 ± 0.6 ppbv from 8 September until 23 September in contiguous parts of the dayside lower Antarctic stratosphere (400-625 K levels of potential temperature, Θ), i.e., before and at the beginning of the major warming. After 23 September no significant amounts of CIO were detected anymore, apart from some remains on 26 September. Daily averages of inside vortex daytime CIO showed a slight increase until about 17 September and a subsequent rapid CIO decrease. Further, a positive resporise of inside vortex nighttime CIO to increasing temperatures due to enhanced C12O2 dissociation was detected. Comparison with measurements of the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) from the years 1992-1997 generally showed a similar temporal development. Thus the warming event obviously happened too late to lead to a premature chlorine deactivation significantly different from previous Antarctic winters.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
Volume109
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 16 2004

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MIPAS
atmospheric sounding
Michelson interferometers
warming
Satellites
limbs
Environmental Research Satellites
heating
vortex
Vortex flow
vortices
microwave limb sounder
Upper atmosphere
Chlorine
potential temperature
daytime
chlorine
mixing ratios
profiles
stratosphere

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Glatthor, N. ; von Clarmann, T. ; Fischer, H. ; Grabowski, U. ; Höpfner, M. ; Kellman, S. ; Kiefer, M. ; Linden, A. ; Milz, M. ; Steck, T. ; Stiller, G. P. ; Mengistu Tsidu, G. ; Wang, D. Y. ; Funke, B. / Spaceborne CIO observations by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) before and during the antarctic major warming in September/October 2002. In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 2004 ; Vol. 109, No. 11.
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abstract = "The first CIO profiles retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) Fourier transform spectrometer on board the European research satellite ENVISAT (Environmental Satellite) are presented. These measurements were taken between 8 September and 13 October 2002. They cover the Antarctic major warming around 25 September, an event which had never been observed before. Since CIO has only weak signatures in the midinfrared, more than a dozen of the strongest lines, all situated in the central P branch and Q branch region of the 1-0 band, were used for profile retrievals, which were based on constrained nonlinear least squares fitting. During the period of investigation, MIPAS measured typical CIO volume mixing ratios (vmrs) between 1 ±0.4 and 2 ± 0.6 ppbv from 8 September until 23 September in contiguous parts of the dayside lower Antarctic stratosphere (400-625 K levels of potential temperature, Θ), i.e., before and at the beginning of the major warming. After 23 September no significant amounts of CIO were detected anymore, apart from some remains on 26 September. Daily averages of inside vortex daytime CIO showed a slight increase until about 17 September and a subsequent rapid CIO decrease. Further, a positive resporise of inside vortex nighttime CIO to increasing temperatures due to enhanced C12O2 dissociation was detected. Comparison with measurements of the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) from the years 1992-1997 generally showed a similar temporal development. Thus the warming event obviously happened too late to lead to a premature chlorine deactivation significantly different from previous Antarctic winters.",
author = "N. Glatthor and {von Clarmann}, T. and H. Fischer and U. Grabowski and M. H{\"o}pfner and S. Kellman and M. Kiefer and A. Linden and M. Milz and T. Steck and Stiller, {G. P.} and {Mengistu Tsidu}, G. and Wang, {D. Y.} and B. Funke",
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Glatthor, N, von Clarmann, T, Fischer, H, Grabowski, U, Höpfner, M, Kellman, S, Kiefer, M, Linden, A, Milz, M, Steck, T, Stiller, GP, Mengistu Tsidu, G, Wang, DY & Funke, B 2004, 'Spaceborne CIO observations by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) before and during the antarctic major warming in September/October 2002', Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 109, no. 11. https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JD004440

Spaceborne CIO observations by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) before and during the antarctic major warming in September/October 2002. / Glatthor, N.; von Clarmann, T.; Fischer, H.; Grabowski, U.; Höpfner, M.; Kellman, S.; Kiefer, M.; Linden, A.; Milz, M.; Steck, T.; Stiller, G. P.; Mengistu Tsidu, G.; Wang, D. Y.; Funke, B.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, Vol. 109, No. 11, 16.06.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Spaceborne CIO observations by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) before and during the antarctic major warming in September/October 2002

AU - Glatthor, N.

AU - von Clarmann, T.

AU - Fischer, H.

AU - Grabowski, U.

AU - Höpfner, M.

AU - Kellman, S.

AU - Kiefer, M.

AU - Linden, A.

AU - Milz, M.

AU - Steck, T.

AU - Stiller, G. P.

AU - Mengistu Tsidu, G.

AU - Wang, D. Y.

AU - Funke, B.

PY - 2004/6/16

Y1 - 2004/6/16

N2 - The first CIO profiles retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) Fourier transform spectrometer on board the European research satellite ENVISAT (Environmental Satellite) are presented. These measurements were taken between 8 September and 13 October 2002. They cover the Antarctic major warming around 25 September, an event which had never been observed before. Since CIO has only weak signatures in the midinfrared, more than a dozen of the strongest lines, all situated in the central P branch and Q branch region of the 1-0 band, were used for profile retrievals, which were based on constrained nonlinear least squares fitting. During the period of investigation, MIPAS measured typical CIO volume mixing ratios (vmrs) between 1 ±0.4 and 2 ± 0.6 ppbv from 8 September until 23 September in contiguous parts of the dayside lower Antarctic stratosphere (400-625 K levels of potential temperature, Θ), i.e., before and at the beginning of the major warming. After 23 September no significant amounts of CIO were detected anymore, apart from some remains on 26 September. Daily averages of inside vortex daytime CIO showed a slight increase until about 17 September and a subsequent rapid CIO decrease. Further, a positive resporise of inside vortex nighttime CIO to increasing temperatures due to enhanced C12O2 dissociation was detected. Comparison with measurements of the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) from the years 1992-1997 generally showed a similar temporal development. Thus the warming event obviously happened too late to lead to a premature chlorine deactivation significantly different from previous Antarctic winters.

AB - The first CIO profiles retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) Fourier transform spectrometer on board the European research satellite ENVISAT (Environmental Satellite) are presented. These measurements were taken between 8 September and 13 October 2002. They cover the Antarctic major warming around 25 September, an event which had never been observed before. Since CIO has only weak signatures in the midinfrared, more than a dozen of the strongest lines, all situated in the central P branch and Q branch region of the 1-0 band, were used for profile retrievals, which were based on constrained nonlinear least squares fitting. During the period of investigation, MIPAS measured typical CIO volume mixing ratios (vmrs) between 1 ±0.4 and 2 ± 0.6 ppbv from 8 September until 23 September in contiguous parts of the dayside lower Antarctic stratosphere (400-625 K levels of potential temperature, Θ), i.e., before and at the beginning of the major warming. After 23 September no significant amounts of CIO were detected anymore, apart from some remains on 26 September. Daily averages of inside vortex daytime CIO showed a slight increase until about 17 September and a subsequent rapid CIO decrease. Further, a positive resporise of inside vortex nighttime CIO to increasing temperatures due to enhanced C12O2 dissociation was detected. Comparison with measurements of the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) from the years 1992-1997 generally showed a similar temporal development. Thus the warming event obviously happened too late to lead to a premature chlorine deactivation significantly different from previous Antarctic winters.

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