Sorption of melanoidin onto surfactant modified zeolite

Maurice S. Onyango, Jacob O. Kittinya, Nomcebo H. Mthombeni, Vincent O Ojijo, Aoyi Ochieng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Melanoidin is responsible for the dark brown color of distillery wastewater. Discharge of colored wastewater has a major environmental impact on the biota of the receiving water body. Consequently, this study explores the removal of melanodin
from aqueous solution. The equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics of melanoidin sorption are studied by varying initial solution pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature. Kinetically, the melanoidin removal from solution by a surfactant modified zeolite is rapid and the amount adsorbed
is dependent on pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature. The equilibrium sorption data are fitted to the Freundlich and Langmuir models
while the sorption kinetics are described by the Ho pseudo-second order and Elovich models. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the sorption is
spontaneous and endothermic in nature. The FTIR spectra analyses show no new peaks or shift in peaks after sorption indicating that the melanoidin sorption may have occurred by a physical process. The results from desorption studies
showed that melanoidin eluted back easily to the solution using distilled water which corroborates the physical sorption mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-395
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Zeolites
Surface-Active Agents
Sorption
Surface active agents
Adsorbents
Wastewater
Thermodynamics
Distilleries
Kinetics
Water
melanoidin polymers
Environmental impact
Desorption
Color
Temperature

Cite this

Onyango, Maurice S. ; Kittinya, Jacob O. ; Mthombeni, Nomcebo H. ; Ojijo, Vincent O ; Ochieng, Aoyi. / Sorption of melanoidin onto surfactant modified zeolite. In: Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly. 2011 ; Vol. 14, No. 4. pp. 385-395.
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abstract = "Melanoidin is responsible for the dark brown color of distillery wastewater. Discharge of colored wastewater has a major environmental impact on the biota of the receiving water body. Consequently, this study explores the removal of melanodinfrom aqueous solution. The equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics of melanoidin sorption are studied by varying initial solution pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature. Kinetically, the melanoidin removal from solution by a surfactant modified zeolite is rapid and the amount adsorbedis dependent on pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature. The equilibrium sorption data are fitted to the Freundlich and Langmuir modelswhile the sorption kinetics are described by the Ho pseudo-second order and Elovich models. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the sorption isspontaneous and endothermic in nature. The FTIR spectra analyses show no new peaks or shift in peaks after sorption indicating that the melanoidin sorption may have occurred by a physical process. The results from desorption studiesshowed that melanoidin eluted back easily to the solution using distilled water which corroborates the physical sorption mechanism.",
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Sorption of melanoidin onto surfactant modified zeolite. / Onyango, Maurice S.; Kittinya, Jacob O.; Mthombeni, Nomcebo H.; Ojijo, Vincent O; Ochieng, Aoyi.

In: Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2011, p. 385-395.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kittinya, Jacob O.

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AU - Ochieng, Aoyi

PY - 2011

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N2 - Melanoidin is responsible for the dark brown color of distillery wastewater. Discharge of colored wastewater has a major environmental impact on the biota of the receiving water body. Consequently, this study explores the removal of melanodinfrom aqueous solution. The equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics of melanoidin sorption are studied by varying initial solution pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature. Kinetically, the melanoidin removal from solution by a surfactant modified zeolite is rapid and the amount adsorbedis dependent on pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature. The equilibrium sorption data are fitted to the Freundlich and Langmuir modelswhile the sorption kinetics are described by the Ho pseudo-second order and Elovich models. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the sorption isspontaneous and endothermic in nature. The FTIR spectra analyses show no new peaks or shift in peaks after sorption indicating that the melanoidin sorption may have occurred by a physical process. The results from desorption studiesshowed that melanoidin eluted back easily to the solution using distilled water which corroborates the physical sorption mechanism.

AB - Melanoidin is responsible for the dark brown color of distillery wastewater. Discharge of colored wastewater has a major environmental impact on the biota of the receiving water body. Consequently, this study explores the removal of melanodinfrom aqueous solution. The equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics of melanoidin sorption are studied by varying initial solution pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature. Kinetically, the melanoidin removal from solution by a surfactant modified zeolite is rapid and the amount adsorbedis dependent on pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature. The equilibrium sorption data are fitted to the Freundlich and Langmuir modelswhile the sorption kinetics are described by the Ho pseudo-second order and Elovich models. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the sorption isspontaneous and endothermic in nature. The FTIR spectra analyses show no new peaks or shift in peaks after sorption indicating that the melanoidin sorption may have occurred by a physical process. The results from desorption studiesshowed that melanoidin eluted back easily to the solution using distilled water which corroborates the physical sorption mechanism.

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