Retrieval of temperature and tangent altitude pointing from limb emission spectra recorded from space by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)

T. von Clarmann, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, M. Kiefer, A. Linden, G. M. Tsidu, M. Milz, T. Steck, G. P. Stiller, D. Y. Wang, H. Fischer, B. Funke, S. Gil-López, M. López-Puertas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    190 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Retrieval of abundances of atmospheric species from limb infrared emission spectra requires accurate knowledge of the pointing of the instrument in terms of elevation, as well as temperature and pressure profiles. An optimal estimation-based method is presented to infer these quantities from measured spectra. The successful and efficient joint retrieval of these largely correlated quantities depends strongly on the proper selection of the retrieval space, the selection of spectral microwindows, and the choice of reasonable constraints which force the solution to be stable. The proposed strategy was applied to limb emission spectra recorded with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the Envisat research satellite in order to validate the instrument pointing information based on the satellite's orbit and attitude control system which uses star tracker information as a reference. Both systematic and periodic pointing calibration errors were detected, which meanwhile have been corrected to a major part. Furthermore, occasional pitch jumps were detected, which could be assigned to parameter uploads to the satellite's orbit and attitude control system. It has been shown that in general, it is justified to assume local thermodynamic equilibrium below 60 km for these purposes. The retrieval method presented has been proven to be suitable for independent monitoring of MIPAS line-of-sight pointing.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
    Volume108
    Issue number23
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 16 2003

    Fingerprint

    MIPAS
    atmospheric sounding
    Michelson interferometers
    limbs
    tangents
    retrieval
    limb
    emission spectra
    orbits
    Attitude control
    Satellites
    satellite orbits
    attitude control
    control system
    Orbits
    Star trackers
    Control systems
    temperature
    star trackers
    thermodynamics

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • Oceanography
    • Forestry
    • Ecology
    • Aquatic Science
    • Water Science and Technology
    • Soil Science
    • Geochemistry and Petrology
    • Earth-Surface Processes
    • Atmospheric Science
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Palaeontology

    Cite this

    von Clarmann, T. ; Glatthor, N. ; Grabowski, U. ; Höpfner, M. ; Kellmann, S. ; Kiefer, M. ; Linden, A. ; Tsidu, G. M. ; Milz, M. ; Steck, T. ; Stiller, G. P. ; Wang, D. Y. ; Fischer, H. ; Funke, B. ; Gil-López, S. ; López-Puertas, M. / Retrieval of temperature and tangent altitude pointing from limb emission spectra recorded from space by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 2003 ; Vol. 108, No. 23.
    @article{ec8cb300729844968c4363bc004a148e,
    title = "Retrieval of temperature and tangent altitude pointing from limb emission spectra recorded from space by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)",
    abstract = "Retrieval of abundances of atmospheric species from limb infrared emission spectra requires accurate knowledge of the pointing of the instrument in terms of elevation, as well as temperature and pressure profiles. An optimal estimation-based method is presented to infer these quantities from measured spectra. The successful and efficient joint retrieval of these largely correlated quantities depends strongly on the proper selection of the retrieval space, the selection of spectral microwindows, and the choice of reasonable constraints which force the solution to be stable. The proposed strategy was applied to limb emission spectra recorded with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the Envisat research satellite in order to validate the instrument pointing information based on the satellite's orbit and attitude control system which uses star tracker information as a reference. Both systematic and periodic pointing calibration errors were detected, which meanwhile have been corrected to a major part. Furthermore, occasional pitch jumps were detected, which could be assigned to parameter uploads to the satellite's orbit and attitude control system. It has been shown that in general, it is justified to assume local thermodynamic equilibrium below 60 km for these purposes. The retrieval method presented has been proven to be suitable for independent monitoring of MIPAS line-of-sight pointing.",
    author = "{von Clarmann}, T. and N. Glatthor and U. Grabowski and M. H{\"o}pfner and S. Kellmann and M. Kiefer and A. Linden and Tsidu, {G. M.} and M. Milz and T. Steck and Stiller, {G. P.} and Wang, {D. Y.} and H. Fischer and B. Funke and S. Gil-L{\'o}pez and M. L{\'o}pez-Puertas",
    year = "2003",
    month = "12",
    day = "16",
    language = "English",
    volume = "108",
    journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research",
    issn = "0148-0227",
    publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
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    }

    von Clarmann, T, Glatthor, N, Grabowski, U, Höpfner, M, Kellmann, S, Kiefer, M, Linden, A, Tsidu, GM, Milz, M, Steck, T, Stiller, GP, Wang, DY, Fischer, H, Funke, B, Gil-López, S & López-Puertas, M 2003, 'Retrieval of temperature and tangent altitude pointing from limb emission spectra recorded from space by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)', Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 108, no. 23.

    Retrieval of temperature and tangent altitude pointing from limb emission spectra recorded from space by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). / von Clarmann, T.; Glatthor, N.; Grabowski, U.; Höpfner, M.; Kellmann, S.; Kiefer, M.; Linden, A.; Tsidu, G. M.; Milz, M.; Steck, T.; Stiller, G. P.; Wang, D. Y.; Fischer, H.; Funke, B.; Gil-López, S.; López-Puertas, M.

    In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, Vol. 108, No. 23, 16.12.2003.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Retrieval of temperature and tangent altitude pointing from limb emission spectra recorded from space by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)

    AU - von Clarmann, T.

    AU - Glatthor, N.

    AU - Grabowski, U.

    AU - Höpfner, M.

    AU - Kellmann, S.

    AU - Kiefer, M.

    AU - Linden, A.

    AU - Tsidu, G. M.

    AU - Milz, M.

    AU - Steck, T.

    AU - Stiller, G. P.

    AU - Wang, D. Y.

    AU - Fischer, H.

    AU - Funke, B.

    AU - Gil-López, S.

    AU - López-Puertas, M.

    PY - 2003/12/16

    Y1 - 2003/12/16

    N2 - Retrieval of abundances of atmospheric species from limb infrared emission spectra requires accurate knowledge of the pointing of the instrument in terms of elevation, as well as temperature and pressure profiles. An optimal estimation-based method is presented to infer these quantities from measured spectra. The successful and efficient joint retrieval of these largely correlated quantities depends strongly on the proper selection of the retrieval space, the selection of spectral microwindows, and the choice of reasonable constraints which force the solution to be stable. The proposed strategy was applied to limb emission spectra recorded with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the Envisat research satellite in order to validate the instrument pointing information based on the satellite's orbit and attitude control system which uses star tracker information as a reference. Both systematic and periodic pointing calibration errors were detected, which meanwhile have been corrected to a major part. Furthermore, occasional pitch jumps were detected, which could be assigned to parameter uploads to the satellite's orbit and attitude control system. It has been shown that in general, it is justified to assume local thermodynamic equilibrium below 60 km for these purposes. The retrieval method presented has been proven to be suitable for independent monitoring of MIPAS line-of-sight pointing.

    AB - Retrieval of abundances of atmospheric species from limb infrared emission spectra requires accurate knowledge of the pointing of the instrument in terms of elevation, as well as temperature and pressure profiles. An optimal estimation-based method is presented to infer these quantities from measured spectra. The successful and efficient joint retrieval of these largely correlated quantities depends strongly on the proper selection of the retrieval space, the selection of spectral microwindows, and the choice of reasonable constraints which force the solution to be stable. The proposed strategy was applied to limb emission spectra recorded with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on board the Envisat research satellite in order to validate the instrument pointing information based on the satellite's orbit and attitude control system which uses star tracker information as a reference. Both systematic and periodic pointing calibration errors were detected, which meanwhile have been corrected to a major part. Furthermore, occasional pitch jumps were detected, which could be assigned to parameter uploads to the satellite's orbit and attitude control system. It has been shown that in general, it is justified to assume local thermodynamic equilibrium below 60 km for these purposes. The retrieval method presented has been proven to be suitable for independent monitoring of MIPAS line-of-sight pointing.

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    M3 - Article

    VL - 108

    JO - Journal of Geophysical Research

    JF - Journal of Geophysical Research

    SN - 0148-0227

    IS - 23

    ER -