Retrieval of stratospheric NOx from 5.3 and 6.2 μm nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium emissions measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat

Bernd Funke, M. López-Puertas, T. von Clarmann, G. P. Stiller, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, M. Kiefer, A. Linden, G. Mengistu Tsidu, M. Milz, T. Steck, D. Y. Wang

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Abstract

We present the first global observations of stratospheric NOx(= NO + NO2 ) from the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmosphenic Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat during 24 July, 18 to 27 September, and 11 to 13 October 2002. Volume mixing ratio profiles of both NOx species were derived from MIPAS limb emission spectra by means of an innovative retrieval scheme under consideration of nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) effects. In the quiescent atmosphere, the estimated accuracy of retrieved NOx at the altitude of its stratospheric mixing ratio maximum at 35-40 km is around 1-2 ppbv, and the vertical resolution is around 3.5-6.5 km at altitudes between 20 and 50 km. In order to correctly consider NO2 non-LTE effects in the retrievals, the photochemical excitation rate of NO2(v3 > 0) vibrational states was derived from NO2(002→001) emissions and was found to be about 50 times smaller than previously estimated from Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS) measurements. The NOx partitioning of the retrieved data is in excellent agreement with steady state photochemistry, which confirms predicted stratospheric NO(v > 0) non-LTE population enhancements. The retrieved NOx abundances are also consistent with Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) NOx observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
Volume110
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 16 2005

Fingerprint

MIPAS
atmospheric sounding
Michelson interferometers
Upper atmosphere
thermodynamic equilibrium
mixing ratios
limbs
mixing ratio
thermodynamics
retrieval
limb
Halogen Occultation Experiment
Thermodynamics
halogens
photochemistry
halogen
stratosphere
sounding
interferometer
vibrational states

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Funke, Bernd ; López-Puertas, M. ; von Clarmann, T. ; Stiller, G. P. ; Fischer, H. ; Glatthor, N. ; Grabowski, U. ; Höpfner, M. ; Kellmann, S. ; Kiefer, M. ; Linden, A. ; Tsidu, G. Mengistu ; Milz, M. ; Steck, T. ; Wang, D. Y. / Retrieval of stratospheric NOx from 5.3 and 6.2 μm nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium emissions measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat. In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 2005 ; Vol. 110, No. 9. pp. 1-13.
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abstract = "We present the first global observations of stratospheric NOx(= NO + NO2 ) from the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmosphenic Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat during 24 July, 18 to 27 September, and 11 to 13 October 2002. Volume mixing ratio profiles of both NOx species were derived from MIPAS limb emission spectra by means of an innovative retrieval scheme under consideration of nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) effects. In the quiescent atmosphere, the estimated accuracy of retrieved NOx at the altitude of its stratospheric mixing ratio maximum at 35-40 km is around 1-2 ppbv, and the vertical resolution is around 3.5-6.5 km at altitudes between 20 and 50 km. In order to correctly consider NO2 non-LTE effects in the retrievals, the photochemical excitation rate of NO2(v3 > 0) vibrational states was derived from NO2(002→001) emissions and was found to be about 50 times smaller than previously estimated from Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS) measurements. The NOx partitioning of the retrieved data is in excellent agreement with steady state photochemistry, which confirms predicted stratospheric NO(v > 0) non-LTE population enhancements. The retrieved NOx abundances are also consistent with Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) NOx observations.",
author = "Bernd Funke and M. L{\'o}pez-Puertas and {von Clarmann}, T. and Stiller, {G. P.} and H. Fischer and N. Glatthor and U. Grabowski and M. H{\"o}pfner and S. Kellmann and M. Kiefer and A. Linden and Tsidu, {G. Mengistu} and M. Milz and T. Steck and Wang, {D. Y.}",
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Funke, B, López-Puertas, M, von Clarmann, T, Stiller, GP, Fischer, H, Glatthor, N, Grabowski, U, Höpfner, M, Kellmann, S, Kiefer, M, Linden, A, Tsidu, GM, Milz, M, Steck, T & Wang, DY 2005, 'Retrieval of stratospheric NOx from 5.3 and 6.2 μm nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium emissions measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat', Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 110, no. 9, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004JD005225

Retrieval of stratospheric NOx from 5.3 and 6.2 μm nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium emissions measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat. / Funke, Bernd; López-Puertas, M.; von Clarmann, T.; Stiller, G. P.; Fischer, H.; Glatthor, N.; Grabowski, U.; Höpfner, M.; Kellmann, S.; Kiefer, M.; Linden, A.; Tsidu, G. Mengistu; Milz, M.; Steck, T.; Wang, D. Y.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, Vol. 110, No. 9, 16.05.2005, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Retrieval of stratospheric NOx from 5.3 and 6.2 μm nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium emissions measured by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat

AU - Funke, Bernd

AU - López-Puertas, M.

AU - von Clarmann, T.

AU - Stiller, G. P.

AU - Fischer, H.

AU - Glatthor, N.

AU - Grabowski, U.

AU - Höpfner, M.

AU - Kellmann, S.

AU - Kiefer, M.

AU - Linden, A.

AU - Tsidu, G. Mengistu

AU - Milz, M.

AU - Steck, T.

AU - Wang, D. Y.

PY - 2005/5/16

Y1 - 2005/5/16

N2 - We present the first global observations of stratospheric NOx(= NO + NO2 ) from the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmosphenic Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat during 24 July, 18 to 27 September, and 11 to 13 October 2002. Volume mixing ratio profiles of both NOx species were derived from MIPAS limb emission spectra by means of an innovative retrieval scheme under consideration of nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) effects. In the quiescent atmosphere, the estimated accuracy of retrieved NOx at the altitude of its stratospheric mixing ratio maximum at 35-40 km is around 1-2 ppbv, and the vertical resolution is around 3.5-6.5 km at altitudes between 20 and 50 km. In order to correctly consider NO2 non-LTE effects in the retrievals, the photochemical excitation rate of NO2(v3 > 0) vibrational states was derived from NO2(002→001) emissions and was found to be about 50 times smaller than previously estimated from Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS) measurements. The NOx partitioning of the retrieved data is in excellent agreement with steady state photochemistry, which confirms predicted stratospheric NO(v > 0) non-LTE population enhancements. The retrieved NOx abundances are also consistent with Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) NOx observations.

AB - We present the first global observations of stratospheric NOx(= NO + NO2 ) from the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmosphenic Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat during 24 July, 18 to 27 September, and 11 to 13 October 2002. Volume mixing ratio profiles of both NOx species were derived from MIPAS limb emission spectra by means of an innovative retrieval scheme under consideration of nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) effects. In the quiescent atmosphere, the estimated accuracy of retrieved NOx at the altitude of its stratospheric mixing ratio maximum at 35-40 km is around 1-2 ppbv, and the vertical resolution is around 3.5-6.5 km at altitudes between 20 and 50 km. In order to correctly consider NO2 non-LTE effects in the retrievals, the photochemical excitation rate of NO2(v3 > 0) vibrational states was derived from NO2(002→001) emissions and was found to be about 50 times smaller than previously estimated from Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS) measurements. The NOx partitioning of the retrieved data is in excellent agreement with steady state photochemistry, which confirms predicted stratospheric NO(v > 0) non-LTE population enhancements. The retrieved NOx abundances are also consistent with Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) NOx observations.

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