Within the relativistic plane-wave impulse approximation, the sensitivity of complete sets of quasielastic proton-nucleus spin observables is investigated with respect to relativistic effects, the importance of exchange contributions to the NN amplitudes, the form of the πN vertex, and spin-orbit distortions. Calculations are performed at laboratory energies ranging from 135 to 500 MeV and for target nuclei ranging from C12 to Pb208 at a fairly large fixed momentum transfer of 1.97 fm-1. Of all the spin observables, only Ay exhibits a clear relativistic effect at the highest energy, as has been previously found. However, at the lower energies (200 MeV and below) the relativistic effect shifts to two other polarization transfer observables, mainly Ds′s and to a lesser extent Dl′s. In addition, it is found that Dn′n is extremely sensitive to the pseudoscalar versus pseudovector ambiguity of the πN vertex, whereas Ds′l and Dl′l are sensitive to exchange contributions to the NN amplitudes. Compared to the latter, the effects of spin-orbit distortion are not insignificantly small and had to be corrected for. This investigation stresses the urgent need for measurements of the quasielastic spin observables at these low energies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics