Wireless multi-hop relay networks have become very significant technologies in mobile communications. These networks ensure data rate transfer and coverage extension with a low cost. In this study two types of relay are studied; Fixed Relay Node (FRN) and Moving Relay Node (MRN). Where system analyses for uplink and downlink transmission are derived in this study. Moreover the optimal relay location of FRN was proposed to provide a maximum achievable rate at user in cell edge region. Finally, a new algorithm was suggested to balance and control on the transmitted power of MRN over cell size to provide the required SNR and throughput at the users inside vehicle with reducing the consumption transmitted relay power. Numerical results indicate an enhancement in received signal strength for users at the cell edge from (-90 to -65) dBm and 40% increment from all cell size after deploying FRN at proposed locations. As well as, the results revealed that there is saving nearly 75% from transmitted power in MRN after using proposed algorithm. ATDI simulator was used to verify the numerical results, which deals with real digital cartographic and standard formats for terrain.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Artificial Intelligence