Production and characterization of bioethanol from sugarcane bagasse as alternative energy sources

Abdulkareem A. Saka, Ayo S. Afolabi, M. U. Ogochukwu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Energy crisis and environmental pollution that characterized overdependence on fossil fuel as source of energy motivate researchers and government all over the world to search for sustainable and environmentally friendly alternative energy sources. This study is aimed at production of biocthanol form sugarcane bagasse using 24 factorial experimental design method to investigate the influence temperature, time, catalyst concentration and mass of sugarcane bagasse on the yield of bioethanol. Results obtained indicate that the optimum bioethanol yield of 14.5% was obtained at optimum conditions of operating temperature of 35°C, time of 72hours, catalyst concentration of 2gw/w and mass of sugarcane of 30g. The statistical analysis of variance indicated that fermentation temperature, time, catalyst concentration and mass of feedstock had significant effect on the yield of bioethanol from sugarcane bagasse. However, temperature had the highest contribution of 79.45%, while the time, catalyst concentration and mass of feedstock had contribution effect of 12.63%, 3.23% and 0.32% respectively. The bioethanol produced was then characterized to the determine the basic properties such as flash point, specific gravity, cloud point, sulphur content, acid value, refractive index, pour point, density and kinematic viscosity. The results obtained on the basic properties tested conform to the set limit with little variation. It can therefore inferred from the results obtained that production of biocthanol from sugarcane bagasse is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015
EditorsS. I. Ao, Len Gelman, Len Gelman, David W.L. Hukins, Andrew Hunter, Alexander M. Korsunsky, S. I. Ao, S. I. Ao
PublisherNewswood Limited
Pages876-880
Number of pages5
Volume2218
ISBN (Electronic)9789881404701
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Event2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 1 2015Jul 3 2015

Other

Other2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period7/1/157/3/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

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    Saka, A. A., Afolabi, A. S., & Ogochukwu, M. U. (2015). Production and characterization of bioethanol from sugarcane bagasse as alternative energy sources. In S. I. Ao, L. Gelman, L. Gelman, D. W. L. Hukins, A. Hunter, A. M. Korsunsky, S. I. Ao, & S. I. Ao (Eds.), WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015 (Vol. 2218, pp. 876-880). Newswood Limited.