Process Design and Integration of Various Carbon Capture Approaches into the Energy Sector and Other Energy-intensive Industrial Applications

Calin Cristian Cormos, Letitia Petrescu, Ana Maria Cormos, Serban Agachi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Developing efficient and economic viable energy conversion systems for a transition to a low carbon economy represents a key issue of the modern society. To reduce the anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, innovative solutions have to be developed and deployed into energy sector as well as other energy-intensive industrial applications (e.g. petrochemistry, cement, metallurgy). Along this line, Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) technologies are of great significance in the quest for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. The main issues of CCUS technologies are the integration into the overall process as well as energy and cost penalties for CO2 capture. This paper evaluates using CAPE design and integration tools, the potential carbon capture approaches to be successfully introduced into various key industrial applications with high CO2 emissions (e.g. heat and power production, chemicals, iron & steel, etc.). The various plant designs were modelled and simulated using process flow modelling software, the mass and energy balances being used to assess the overall performance indicators. For energy integration analysis, the pinch method was used to evaluate the best heat and power integration options of available heat generated in the process. As the results suggest, the innovative carbon capture options based on gas-solid adsorption systems (chemical / calcium looping) have significant techno-economic advantages compared to other more technologically and commercially mature carbon capture options (e.g. gas-liquid absorption) e.g. the higher energy efficiency and carbon capture rate, reduced costs, lower plant complexity and integration issues.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication26 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2016
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages265-270
Number of pages6
Volume38
ISBN (Print)9780444634283
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
Volume38
ISSN (Print)15707946

Fingerprint

Carbon capture
Industrial applications
Process design
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Gases
Economics
Steel
Metallurgy
Energy balance
Energy conversion
Energy efficiency
Costs
Calcium
Cements
Carbon
Iron
Adsorption
Liquids
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Cormos, C. C., Petrescu, L., Cormos, A. M., & Agachi, S. (2016). Process Design and Integration of Various Carbon Capture Approaches into the Energy Sector and Other Energy-intensive Industrial Applications. In 26 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2016 (Vol. 38, pp. 265-270). (Computer Aided Chemical Engineering; Vol. 38). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63428-3.50049-7
Cormos, Calin Cristian ; Petrescu, Letitia ; Cormos, Ana Maria ; Agachi, Serban. / Process Design and Integration of Various Carbon Capture Approaches into the Energy Sector and Other Energy-intensive Industrial Applications. 26 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2016. Vol. 38 Elsevier B.V., 2016. pp. 265-270 (Computer Aided Chemical Engineering).
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Cormos, CC, Petrescu, L, Cormos, AM & Agachi, S 2016, Process Design and Integration of Various Carbon Capture Approaches into the Energy Sector and Other Energy-intensive Industrial Applications. in 26 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2016. vol. 38, Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, vol. 38, Elsevier B.V., pp. 265-270. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63428-3.50049-7

Process Design and Integration of Various Carbon Capture Approaches into the Energy Sector and Other Energy-intensive Industrial Applications. / Cormos, Calin Cristian; Petrescu, Letitia; Cormos, Ana Maria; Agachi, Serban.

26 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2016. Vol. 38 Elsevier B.V., 2016. p. 265-270 (Computer Aided Chemical Engineering; Vol. 38).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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T1 - Process Design and Integration of Various Carbon Capture Approaches into the Energy Sector and Other Energy-intensive Industrial Applications

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AB - Developing efficient and economic viable energy conversion systems for a transition to a low carbon economy represents a key issue of the modern society. To reduce the anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, innovative solutions have to be developed and deployed into energy sector as well as other energy-intensive industrial applications (e.g. petrochemistry, cement, metallurgy). Along this line, Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) technologies are of great significance in the quest for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. The main issues of CCUS technologies are the integration into the overall process as well as energy and cost penalties for CO2 capture. This paper evaluates using CAPE design and integration tools, the potential carbon capture approaches to be successfully introduced into various key industrial applications with high CO2 emissions (e.g. heat and power production, chemicals, iron & steel, etc.). The various plant designs were modelled and simulated using process flow modelling software, the mass and energy balances being used to assess the overall performance indicators. For energy integration analysis, the pinch method was used to evaluate the best heat and power integration options of available heat generated in the process. As the results suggest, the innovative carbon capture options based on gas-solid adsorption systems (chemical / calcium looping) have significant techno-economic advantages compared to other more technologically and commercially mature carbon capture options (e.g. gas-liquid absorption) e.g. the higher energy efficiency and carbon capture rate, reduced costs, lower plant complexity and integration issues.

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M3 - Chapter

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SN - 9780444634283

VL - 38

T3 - Computer Aided Chemical Engineering

SP - 265

EP - 270

BT - 26 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2016

PB - Elsevier B.V.

ER -

Cormos CC, Petrescu L, Cormos AM, Agachi S. Process Design and Integration of Various Carbon Capture Approaches into the Energy Sector and Other Energy-intensive Industrial Applications. In 26 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, 2016. Vol. 38. Elsevier B.V. 2016. p. 265-270. (Computer Aided Chemical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63428-3.50049-7