Preparation, Chemical Composition, Characterization, and Properties of Napier Grass Paper Sheets

K. Obi Reddy, C. Uma Maheswari, M. Shukla, E. Muzenda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, perennial fast growth Napier grass fibers were used for pulp and papermaking. Chlorination and alkaline processes were carried out using sodium chlorite and sodium hydroxide respectively, for pulp extraction from Napier grass. Detailed chemical composition analysis of the Napier grass fibers and the extracted pulp was carried out and a comparison with other perennial grasses was made. The extracted fibers and pulp obtained from Napier grass were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The physical, optical, and mechanical properties of Napier grass pulp handmade paper sheets produced in the laboratory were investigated by finding the opacity, brightness, tensile index, breaking length, and burst index. Handmade paper sheets made from Napier grass pulp were compared to paper made from other perennial grasses. The superior properties of paper produced from Napier grass pulp indicate the suitability of Napier grass as an alternative non-wood source for papermaking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1527-1534
Number of pages8
JournalSeparation Science and Technology (Philadelphia)
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Pulp
Chemical analysis
Papermaking
Fibers
Sodium
Sodium Hydroxide
Chlorination
Opacity
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Luminance
Optical properties
Physical properties
Mechanical properties
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

@article{83ba4a57de9f42ff8663684afe9c4f33,
title = "Preparation, Chemical Composition, Characterization, and Properties of Napier Grass Paper Sheets",
abstract = "In this study, perennial fast growth Napier grass fibers were used for pulp and papermaking. Chlorination and alkaline processes were carried out using sodium chlorite and sodium hydroxide respectively, for pulp extraction from Napier grass. Detailed chemical composition analysis of the Napier grass fibers and the extracted pulp was carried out and a comparison with other perennial grasses was made. The extracted fibers and pulp obtained from Napier grass were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The physical, optical, and mechanical properties of Napier grass pulp handmade paper sheets produced in the laboratory were investigated by finding the opacity, brightness, tensile index, breaking length, and burst index. Handmade paper sheets made from Napier grass pulp were compared to paper made from other perennial grasses. The superior properties of paper produced from Napier grass pulp indicate the suitability of Napier grass as an alternative non-wood source for papermaking.",
author = "{Obi Reddy}, K. and {Uma Maheswari}, C. and M. Shukla and E. Muzenda",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/01496395.2014.893358",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "1527--1534",
journal = "Separation Science and Technology",
issn = "0149-6395",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "10",

}

Preparation, Chemical Composition, Characterization, and Properties of Napier Grass Paper Sheets. / Obi Reddy, K.; Uma Maheswari, C.; Shukla, M.; Muzenda, E.

In: Separation Science and Technology (Philadelphia), Vol. 49, No. 10, 01.01.2014, p. 1527-1534.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preparation, Chemical Composition, Characterization, and Properties of Napier Grass Paper Sheets

AU - Obi Reddy, K.

AU - Uma Maheswari, C.

AU - Shukla, M.

AU - Muzenda, E.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - In this study, perennial fast growth Napier grass fibers were used for pulp and papermaking. Chlorination and alkaline processes were carried out using sodium chlorite and sodium hydroxide respectively, for pulp extraction from Napier grass. Detailed chemical composition analysis of the Napier grass fibers and the extracted pulp was carried out and a comparison with other perennial grasses was made. The extracted fibers and pulp obtained from Napier grass were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The physical, optical, and mechanical properties of Napier grass pulp handmade paper sheets produced in the laboratory were investigated by finding the opacity, brightness, tensile index, breaking length, and burst index. Handmade paper sheets made from Napier grass pulp were compared to paper made from other perennial grasses. The superior properties of paper produced from Napier grass pulp indicate the suitability of Napier grass as an alternative non-wood source for papermaking.

AB - In this study, perennial fast growth Napier grass fibers were used for pulp and papermaking. Chlorination and alkaline processes were carried out using sodium chlorite and sodium hydroxide respectively, for pulp extraction from Napier grass. Detailed chemical composition analysis of the Napier grass fibers and the extracted pulp was carried out and a comparison with other perennial grasses was made. The extracted fibers and pulp obtained from Napier grass were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The physical, optical, and mechanical properties of Napier grass pulp handmade paper sheets produced in the laboratory were investigated by finding the opacity, brightness, tensile index, breaking length, and burst index. Handmade paper sheets made from Napier grass pulp were compared to paper made from other perennial grasses. The superior properties of paper produced from Napier grass pulp indicate the suitability of Napier grass as an alternative non-wood source for papermaking.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84904173281&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84904173281&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01496395.2014.893358

DO - 10.1080/01496395.2014.893358

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 1527

EP - 1534

JO - Separation Science and Technology

JF - Separation Science and Technology

SN - 0149-6395

IS - 10

ER -