Preference of foraging ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) for bait toxicants in South African vineyards

Casper Nyamukondiwa, Pia Addison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Argentine ants Linepithema humile (Mayr), common pugnacious ants Anoplolepis custodiens (F. Smith) and cocktail ants Crematogaster peringueyi Emery are the main indirect ant pests in South African vineyards. These ants form mutualistic relationships with the vine mealybug Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), an economic phloem-feeding pest of vines that excretes honeydew. Ants feed on the honeydew from mealybugs and also affect predator-prey interactions by protecting them from attack by natural enemies. This consequently reduces the efficacy of predators and parasitic Hymenoptera in controlling P. ficus. Current strategies for ant control are limited to the application of long term residual insecticides that are detrimental to the environment, labour intensive to apply and potentially disruptive to biological control. Here, we report on the development of an alternative method of ant control using baits which are likely to show delayed toxicity to these ant species. Field bait preference assessments were carried out during spring, summer and autumn in three vineyards of the Cape Winelands region, Republic of South Africa during 2007/08. Preference/non-preference is the first behaviour an ant exhibits when encountering bait and this was measured in terms of numbers of ants at bait stations. Five toxicants comprising Gourmet ant bait (containing 0.5% boric acid as active ingredient and a honeydew mimic as an attractant), boric acid (0.5%), fipronil (0.0001%), fenoxycarb (0.5%) and spinosad (0.01%) all dissolved in 25% sucrose solution were tested against a 25% sucrose solution control. Gourmet ant bait was overall the most preferred bait during spring, summer and autumn, and on some occasions being significantly more preferable to ants than the control solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1034-1038
Number of pages5
JournalCrop Protection
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2011

Fingerprint

toxic substances
vineyards
baits
Formicidae
Hymenoptera
foraging
Planococcus ficus
ant control
honeydew
Linepithema humile
boric acid
Pseudococcidae
Anoplolepis
pests
sucrose
autumn
fenoxycarb
Crematogaster
fipronil
spinosad

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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title = "Preference of foraging ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) for bait toxicants in South African vineyards",
abstract = "Argentine ants Linepithema humile (Mayr), common pugnacious ants Anoplolepis custodiens (F. Smith) and cocktail ants Crematogaster peringueyi Emery are the main indirect ant pests in South African vineyards. These ants form mutualistic relationships with the vine mealybug Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), an economic phloem-feeding pest of vines that excretes honeydew. Ants feed on the honeydew from mealybugs and also affect predator-prey interactions by protecting them from attack by natural enemies. This consequently reduces the efficacy of predators and parasitic Hymenoptera in controlling P. ficus. Current strategies for ant control are limited to the application of long term residual insecticides that are detrimental to the environment, labour intensive to apply and potentially disruptive to biological control. Here, we report on the development of an alternative method of ant control using baits which are likely to show delayed toxicity to these ant species. Field bait preference assessments were carried out during spring, summer and autumn in three vineyards of the Cape Winelands region, Republic of South Africa during 2007/08. Preference/non-preference is the first behaviour an ant exhibits when encountering bait and this was measured in terms of numbers of ants at bait stations. Five toxicants comprising Gourmet ant bait (containing 0.5{\%} boric acid as active ingredient and a honeydew mimic as an attractant), boric acid (0.5{\%}), fipronil (0.0001{\%}), fenoxycarb (0.5{\%}) and spinosad (0.01{\%}) all dissolved in 25{\%} sucrose solution were tested against a 25{\%} sucrose solution control. Gourmet ant bait was overall the most preferred bait during spring, summer and autumn, and on some occasions being significantly more preferable to ants than the control solution.",
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Preference of foraging ants (Hymenoptera : Formicidae) for bait toxicants in South African vineyards. / Nyamukondiwa, Casper; Addison, Pia.

In: Crop Protection, Vol. 30, No. 8, 01.08.2011, p. 1034-1038.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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