Potential risks of CCA-Treated wood destined to landfills

Emmanuel Emem Obong Agbenyeku, Edison Muzenda, Innocent Mandla Msibi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, recycling has become the first best option of dealing with waste before landfilling is considered in cases of handling difficulties. In South Africa however, 41,000 tons of solid waste is destined for landfills daily; which includes huge chunks of waste from construction and demolition activities. The continued reliance of South Africa on the landfilling system could extend a while until economical recycling alternatives are introduced. Leachate generation and percolation is expected in these landfills on account of infiltration of water into the waste body from rain and/or runoffs. Although, it has been documented that arsenic, copper and chromium percolate soil systems, it however noted that occurring physical, chemical and biological activities may influence mobility of metals from generated leachate. This is particularly evident in cases where Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)-Treated wood are disposed in monofills with consequential impacts on the environment. Laboratory investigation using a bespoke device to explore the environmental risk of depositing CCA-Treated wood in monofills and/or open dumps was done; with a view to simulating worst case scenario of an unlined disposal facility that relied on the geology of the site. This scenario best indicates high concentrations and maximum formation of heavy metals. The bespoke device was assembled with chopped untreated wood and CCA-Treated wood in a bottom chamber respectively, and de-ionized water was allowed to seep through from a reservoir forming leachate. The targeted chemical ions (arsenic, copper and chromium) from the leachate were analyzed by way of full spectral method on the effluent and were compared to South African standard of drinking water. The study therefore, revealed that CCA-Treated wood formed hazardous concentration levels of chromium and arsenic which if not properly contained in real cases, could inflict severe contamination consequential to human and environmental health.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCECS 2015 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2015
EditorsCraig Douglas, Jon Burgstone, Warren S. Grundfest, Jon Burgstone, Craig Douglas, S. I. Ao
PublisherNewswood Limited
Pages593-597
Number of pages5
Volume2220
ISBN (Electronic)9789881404725
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Event2015 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2015 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Oct 21 2015Oct 23 2015

Other

Other2015 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2015
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period10/21/1510/23/15

Fingerprint

Land fill
Wood
Copper
Arsenic
Chromium
Recycling
Demolition
Solid wastes
Geology
Bioactivity
Runoff
Infiltration
Potable water
Heavy metals
Rain
Water
Effluents
Contamination
Health
Soils

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Agbenyeku, E. E. O., Muzenda, E., & Msibi, I. M. (2015). Potential risks of CCA-Treated wood destined to landfills. In C. Douglas, J. Burgstone, W. S. Grundfest, J. Burgstone, C. Douglas, & S. I. Ao (Eds.), WCECS 2015 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2015 (Vol. 2220, pp. 593-597). Newswood Limited.
Agbenyeku, Emmanuel Emem Obong ; Muzenda, Edison ; Msibi, Innocent Mandla. / Potential risks of CCA-Treated wood destined to landfills. WCECS 2015 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2015. editor / Craig Douglas ; Jon Burgstone ; Warren S. Grundfest ; Jon Burgstone ; Craig Douglas ; S. I. Ao. Vol. 2220 Newswood Limited, 2015. pp. 593-597
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Agbenyeku, EEO, Muzenda, E & Msibi, IM 2015, Potential risks of CCA-Treated wood destined to landfills. in C Douglas, J Burgstone, WS Grundfest, J Burgstone, C Douglas & SI Ao (eds), WCECS 2015 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2015. vol. 2220, Newswood Limited, pp. 593-597, 2015 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2015, San Francisco, United States, 10/21/15.

Potential risks of CCA-Treated wood destined to landfills. / Agbenyeku, Emmanuel Emem Obong; Muzenda, Edison; Msibi, Innocent Mandla.

WCECS 2015 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2015. ed. / Craig Douglas; Jon Burgstone; Warren S. Grundfest; Jon Burgstone; Craig Douglas; S. I. Ao. Vol. 2220 Newswood Limited, 2015. p. 593-597.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Msibi, Innocent Mandla

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N2 - In recent years, recycling has become the first best option of dealing with waste before landfilling is considered in cases of handling difficulties. In South Africa however, 41,000 tons of solid waste is destined for landfills daily; which includes huge chunks of waste from construction and demolition activities. The continued reliance of South Africa on the landfilling system could extend a while until economical recycling alternatives are introduced. Leachate generation and percolation is expected in these landfills on account of infiltration of water into the waste body from rain and/or runoffs. Although, it has been documented that arsenic, copper and chromium percolate soil systems, it however noted that occurring physical, chemical and biological activities may influence mobility of metals from generated leachate. This is particularly evident in cases where Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)-Treated wood are disposed in monofills with consequential impacts on the environment. Laboratory investigation using a bespoke device to explore the environmental risk of depositing CCA-Treated wood in monofills and/or open dumps was done; with a view to simulating worst case scenario of an unlined disposal facility that relied on the geology of the site. This scenario best indicates high concentrations and maximum formation of heavy metals. The bespoke device was assembled with chopped untreated wood and CCA-Treated wood in a bottom chamber respectively, and de-ionized water was allowed to seep through from a reservoir forming leachate. The targeted chemical ions (arsenic, copper and chromium) from the leachate were analyzed by way of full spectral method on the effluent and were compared to South African standard of drinking water. The study therefore, revealed that CCA-Treated wood formed hazardous concentration levels of chromium and arsenic which if not properly contained in real cases, could inflict severe contamination consequential to human and environmental health.

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Agbenyeku EEO, Muzenda E, Msibi IM. Potential risks of CCA-Treated wood destined to landfills. In Douglas C, Burgstone J, Grundfest WS, Burgstone J, Douglas C, Ao SI, editors, WCECS 2015 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2015. Vol. 2220. Newswood Limited. 2015. p. 593-597