Plant-available zinc fixation kinetics in semi-arid alkaline soils of the Southern High Plains

Theophilus K. Udeigwe, Madeleine Eichmann, Peter N. Eze, Jasper M. Teboh, Gondah M. Zolue, Obiageli P. Umeugochukwu

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Abstract

This study examined zinc (Zn) fixation pattern and kinetics in three semiarid alkaline soils of the Southern High Plains, USA. Soil chemical data obtained from Zn-extraction experiments conducted at different depths were fitted to various kinetic models to examine Zn fixation patterns. Within the experimental period of 90 days, approximately 57% of the total plant-available Zn fixed occurred in the first 14 days when averaged across all soils and depths. Zinc fixation over the experimental period (90 days) was better described by the power function (pfxn) model (R2 = 0.87–0.92, standard error [SE] = 0.130–0.154), but poorly described by the zero-, first- and second-order models (R2 = 0.55–0.76, SE = 0.038–0.267). Average reaction rate constant (from the pfxn model) was higher in the subsurface soils (0.323), suggesting a more rapid Zn fixation, compared to the surface soils (0.293). Zinc fixation within the first 35 days was also more rapid and better described by both the second-order (R2 = 0.91, SE = 0.018) and pfxn (R2 = 0.92, SE = 0.119) models. Findings are applicable to field settings and kinetic parameters obtained will help to advance Zn studies and management in these semiarid soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-564
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Agronomy and Soil Science
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 21 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

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