Optimization and characterization of biofuel from waste cooking oil

Ikenna C. Emeji, Ayo S. Afolabi, Jalama Kalala, Ambali S. Abdulkareem

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Waste cooking oil (WCO) is regarded as one of the best feedstock for the production of biodiesel. The waste cooking oil used in this study was prepared in the laboratory by adding 5 wt. % of oleic acid into 95 wt. % of soybeans oil. 10 wt. % of titania-supportcd-magnesium oxide catalyst (MgO/TiO2) used was prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and characterized using XRF, BET and XRD. These materials were tested and used as catalyst for the conversion of waste vegetable oil to biodiesel in the presence of methanol and hexane co-solvents. Methanol to hexane mole ratio of 1:1 was employed in the transesterification process. The effects of reaction time, reaction temperature and hexane co-solvent on the waste vegetable oil conversion have been established. The 'HNMR analysis was used to estimate the structure of FAME produced. It was observed that the oil conversion increased with the increase in reaction time, reaction temperature and use of hexane as co-solvent.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015
EditorsS. I. Ao, Len Gelman, Len Gelman, David W.L. Hukins, Andrew Hunter, Alexander M. Korsunsky, S. I. Ao, S. I. Ao
PublisherNewswood Limited
Pages820-823
Number of pages4
Volume2218
ISBN (Electronic)9789881404701
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Event2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 1 2015Jul 3 2015

Other

Other2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period7/1/157/3/15

Fingerprint

Cooking
Biofuels
Hexane
Vegetable oils
Biodiesel
Methanol
Soybean oil
Catalysts
Oleic acid
Titanium oxides
Transesterification
Magnesia
Impregnation
Feedstocks
Temperature
Oils

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Emeji, I. C., Afolabi, A. S., Kalala, J., & Abdulkareem, A. S. (2015). Optimization and characterization of biofuel from waste cooking oil. In S. I. Ao, L. Gelman, L. Gelman, D. W. L. Hukins, A. Hunter, A. M. Korsunsky, S. I. Ao, ... S. I. Ao (Eds.), WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015 (Vol. 2218, pp. 820-823). Newswood Limited.
Emeji, Ikenna C. ; Afolabi, Ayo S. ; Kalala, Jalama ; Abdulkareem, Ambali S. / Optimization and characterization of biofuel from waste cooking oil. WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015. editor / S. I. Ao ; Len Gelman ; Len Gelman ; David W.L. Hukins ; Andrew Hunter ; Alexander M. Korsunsky ; S. I. Ao ; S. I. Ao. Vol. 2218 Newswood Limited, 2015. pp. 820-823
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Emeji, IC, Afolabi, AS, Kalala, J & Abdulkareem, AS 2015, Optimization and characterization of biofuel from waste cooking oil. in SI Ao, L Gelman, L Gelman, DWL Hukins, A Hunter, AM Korsunsky, SI Ao & SI Ao (eds), WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015. vol. 2218, Newswood Limited, pp. 820-823, 2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015, London, United Kingdom, 7/1/15.

Optimization and characterization of biofuel from waste cooking oil. / Emeji, Ikenna C.; Afolabi, Ayo S.; Kalala, Jalama; Abdulkareem, Ambali S.

WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015. ed. / S. I. Ao; Len Gelman; Len Gelman; David W.L. Hukins; Andrew Hunter; Alexander M. Korsunsky; S. I. Ao; S. I. Ao. Vol. 2218 Newswood Limited, 2015. p. 820-823.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Waste cooking oil (WCO) is regarded as one of the best feedstock for the production of biodiesel. The waste cooking oil used in this study was prepared in the laboratory by adding 5 wt. % of oleic acid into 95 wt. % of soybeans oil. 10 wt. % of titania-supportcd-magnesium oxide catalyst (MgO/TiO2) used was prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and characterized using XRF, BET and XRD. These materials were tested and used as catalyst for the conversion of waste vegetable oil to biodiesel in the presence of methanol and hexane co-solvents. Methanol to hexane mole ratio of 1:1 was employed in the transesterification process. The effects of reaction time, reaction temperature and hexane co-solvent on the waste vegetable oil conversion have been established. The 'HNMR analysis was used to estimate the structure of FAME produced. It was observed that the oil conversion increased with the increase in reaction time, reaction temperature and use of hexane as co-solvent.

AB - Waste cooking oil (WCO) is regarded as one of the best feedstock for the production of biodiesel. The waste cooking oil used in this study was prepared in the laboratory by adding 5 wt. % of oleic acid into 95 wt. % of soybeans oil. 10 wt. % of titania-supportcd-magnesium oxide catalyst (MgO/TiO2) used was prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and characterized using XRF, BET and XRD. These materials were tested and used as catalyst for the conversion of waste vegetable oil to biodiesel in the presence of methanol and hexane co-solvents. Methanol to hexane mole ratio of 1:1 was employed in the transesterification process. The effects of reaction time, reaction temperature and hexane co-solvent on the waste vegetable oil conversion have been established. The 'HNMR analysis was used to estimate the structure of FAME produced. It was observed that the oil conversion increased with the increase in reaction time, reaction temperature and use of hexane as co-solvent.

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PB - Newswood Limited

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Emeji IC, Afolabi AS, Kalala J, Abdulkareem AS. Optimization and characterization of biofuel from waste cooking oil. In Ao SI, Gelman L, Gelman L, Hukins DWL, Hunter A, Korsunsky AM, Ao SI, Ao SI, editors, WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015. Vol. 2218. Newswood Limited. 2015. p. 820-823