Optimization and characterization of biofuel from waste cooking oil

Ikenna C. Emeji, Ayo S. Afolabi, Jalama Kalala, Ambali S. Abdulkareem

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Waste cooking oil (WCO) is regarded as one of the best feedstock for the production of biodiesel. The waste cooking oil used in this study was prepared in the laboratory by adding 5 wt. % of oleic acid into 95 wt. % of soybeans oil. 10 wt. % of titania-supportcd-magnesium oxide catalyst (MgO/TiO2) used was prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and characterized using XRF, BET and XRD. These materials were tested and used as catalyst for the conversion of waste vegetable oil to biodiesel in the presence of methanol and hexane co-solvents. Methanol to hexane mole ratio of 1:1 was employed in the transesterification process. The effects of reaction time, reaction temperature and hexane co-solvent on the waste vegetable oil conversion have been established. The 'HNMR analysis was used to estimate the structure of FAME produced. It was observed that the oil conversion increased with the increase in reaction time, reaction temperature and use of hexane as co-solvent.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015
EditorsS. I. Ao, Len Gelman, Len Gelman, David W.L. Hukins, Andrew Hunter, Alexander M. Korsunsky, S. I. Ao, S. I. Ao
PublisherNewswood Limited
Pages820-823
Number of pages4
Volume2218
ISBN (Electronic)9789881404701
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Event2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 1 2015Jul 3 2015

Other

Other2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period7/1/157/3/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

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  • Cite this

    Emeji, I. C., Afolabi, A. S., Kalala, J., & Abdulkareem, A. S. (2015). Optimization and characterization of biofuel from waste cooking oil. In S. I. Ao, L. Gelman, L. Gelman, D. W. L. Hukins, A. Hunter, A. M. Korsunsky, S. I. Ao, & S. I. Ao (Eds.), WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015 (Vol. 2218, pp. 820-823). Newswood Limited.