Statistical process control procedures are usually implemented under the assumption that the observations from a process are independent over time. However, this assumption is often violated. Therefore, we propose a single Shewhart-type control chart for autocorrelated process by fitting a time series model into the process and monitoring the residuals from the forecast values of a fitted time series model. Numerical results illustrate the ARL of the AR(1) plus random error model, for the cases of step changes in the mean and/or standard deviation. Compared to other charts that monitor autocorrelated processes, this chart quickly detects shifts in the process location and spread particularly for large shifts.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Stochastics and Quality Control|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|