Mathematical models to support pollution counteraction in case of accidents

Elisabeta Cristina Ani, Vasile Mircea Cristea, Paul Serban Agachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a mathematical model for the prediction of pollutant transport in rivers. The model has been developed and calibrated using the Matlab software and relying on field data from Romanian Someş River (collected in case of accidental cyanide release). Field data has been used to estimate model parameters (e.g. dispersion coefficient, velocity) as variable in time and space in order account for river features non-uniformity in time and also in space. These initial parameter values have been employed for the calculation of pollutant distribution along the river based on explicit analytical solutions of the advectiondispersion fundamental equation for mass transport in rivers (Fickian approach). Further, parameters optimization has been carried out during model calibration involving a custom tailored optimization algorithm. Results of the comparison between simulated and experimental data show that calibrated model is capable to predict satisfactory the dynamic distribution of pollutant concentration along the river stretch. Peaks travel times are the best predicted features compared to trails, revealing accurate velocity estimation along the stretch. Consequently the model can be employed in case of accidental pollutant releases and also in case of pollutant releases under customary conditions (for cyanides and other pollutants), in order to offer decision support in river water quality management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Engineering and Management Journal
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

accident
Accidents
Pollution
Rivers
Mathematical models
pollution
river
cyanide
Cyanides
pollutant
pollutant transport
mass transport
Quality management
travel time
Travel time
river water
Water quality
calibration
Mass transfer
software

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper presents a mathematical model for the prediction of pollutant transport in rivers. The model has been developed and calibrated using the Matlab software and relying on field data from Romanian Someş River (collected in case of accidental cyanide release). Field data has been used to estimate model parameters (e.g. dispersion coefficient, velocity) as variable in time and space in order account for river features non-uniformity in time and also in space. These initial parameter values have been employed for the calculation of pollutant distribution along the river based on explicit analytical solutions of the advectiondispersion fundamental equation for mass transport in rivers (Fickian approach). Further, parameters optimization has been carried out during model calibration involving a custom tailored optimization algorithm. Results of the comparison between simulated and experimental data show that calibrated model is capable to predict satisfactory the dynamic distribution of pollutant concentration along the river stretch. Peaks travel times are the best predicted features compared to trails, revealing accurate velocity estimation along the stretch. Consequently the model can be employed in case of accidental pollutant releases and also in case of pollutant releases under customary conditions (for cyanides and other pollutants), in order to offer decision support in river water quality management.",
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Mathematical models to support pollution counteraction in case of accidents. / Ani, Elisabeta Cristina; Cristea, Vasile Mircea; Agachi, Paul Serban.

In: Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 13-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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