Lead, zinc, cadmium and fluoride in small mammals from contaminated grassland established on fluorspar tailings

J. A. Cooke, S. M. Andrews, M. S. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The total body concentrations of Pb, Cd, and fluoride were higher at the contaminated grassland site established on fluorspar tailings compared to an uncontaminated control site for all three species of small mammal, Apodemus sylvaticus, Microtus agrestis and Sorex araneus. Zn was also higher in M. agrestis and S. araneus but in A. sylvaticus it significantly decreased and, overall, there was good evidence of homeostatic control of Zn in all three species even at the high dietary intakes at the tailings dam. Accumulation in kidney, liver and bone(femur) showed the expected pattern with Pb and fluoride highest in bone and Cd in the kidney for both the control and the contaminated sites. The only exception was S. araneus at the contaminated site were Cd was highest in the liver rather than the kidney. The accumulation of Pb, Cd and fluoride at the contaminated site was in the decreasing species order S. araneus > M. agrestis > A. sylvaticus in terms of total body concentration or target organ concentration. This order probably reflected the decreasing dietary intake rates of the three species although physiological interspecific differences may be of significance. For example, S. araneus showed considerable capability for bioconcentrating Cd to much higher total body than dietary concentrations at the high dietary intake rates at the contaminated site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-54
Number of pages12
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Volume51
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 1990

Fingerprint

Mammals
Fluorspar
Tailings
fluorite
small mammal
Fluorides
fluoride
Cadmium
tailings
Zinc
cadmium
Lead
zinc
grassland
Liver
Bone
bone
tailings dam
Dams
cadmium fluoride

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution

Cite this

@article{92ec3b616b9d44059e2ccb51b0e48ef4,
title = "Lead, zinc, cadmium and fluoride in small mammals from contaminated grassland established on fluorspar tailings",
abstract = "The total body concentrations of Pb, Cd, and fluoride were higher at the contaminated grassland site established on fluorspar tailings compared to an uncontaminated control site for all three species of small mammal, Apodemus sylvaticus, Microtus agrestis and Sorex araneus. Zn was also higher in M. agrestis and S. araneus but in A. sylvaticus it significantly decreased and, overall, there was good evidence of homeostatic control of Zn in all three species even at the high dietary intakes at the tailings dam. Accumulation in kidney, liver and bone(femur) showed the expected pattern with Pb and fluoride highest in bone and Cd in the kidney for both the control and the contaminated sites. The only exception was S. araneus at the contaminated site were Cd was highest in the liver rather than the kidney. The accumulation of Pb, Cd and fluoride at the contaminated site was in the decreasing species order S. araneus > M. agrestis > A. sylvaticus in terms of total body concentration or target organ concentration. This order probably reflected the decreasing dietary intake rates of the three species although physiological interspecific differences may be of significance. For example, S. araneus showed considerable capability for bioconcentrating Cd to much higher total body than dietary concentrations at the high dietary intake rates at the contaminated site.",
author = "Cooke, {J. A.} and Andrews, {S. M.} and Johnson, {M. S.}",
year = "1990",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF00211502",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "43--54",
journal = "Water, Air, and Soil Pollution",
issn = "0049-6979",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1-2",

}

Lead, zinc, cadmium and fluoride in small mammals from contaminated grassland established on fluorspar tailings. / Cooke, J. A.; Andrews, S. M.; Johnson, M. S.

In: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 51, No. 1-2, 01.05.1990, p. 43-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lead, zinc, cadmium and fluoride in small mammals from contaminated grassland established on fluorspar tailings

AU - Cooke, J. A.

AU - Andrews, S. M.

AU - Johnson, M. S.

PY - 1990/5/1

Y1 - 1990/5/1

N2 - The total body concentrations of Pb, Cd, and fluoride were higher at the contaminated grassland site established on fluorspar tailings compared to an uncontaminated control site for all three species of small mammal, Apodemus sylvaticus, Microtus agrestis and Sorex araneus. Zn was also higher in M. agrestis and S. araneus but in A. sylvaticus it significantly decreased and, overall, there was good evidence of homeostatic control of Zn in all three species even at the high dietary intakes at the tailings dam. Accumulation in kidney, liver and bone(femur) showed the expected pattern with Pb and fluoride highest in bone and Cd in the kidney for both the control and the contaminated sites. The only exception was S. araneus at the contaminated site were Cd was highest in the liver rather than the kidney. The accumulation of Pb, Cd and fluoride at the contaminated site was in the decreasing species order S. araneus > M. agrestis > A. sylvaticus in terms of total body concentration or target organ concentration. This order probably reflected the decreasing dietary intake rates of the three species although physiological interspecific differences may be of significance. For example, S. araneus showed considerable capability for bioconcentrating Cd to much higher total body than dietary concentrations at the high dietary intake rates at the contaminated site.

AB - The total body concentrations of Pb, Cd, and fluoride were higher at the contaminated grassland site established on fluorspar tailings compared to an uncontaminated control site for all three species of small mammal, Apodemus sylvaticus, Microtus agrestis and Sorex araneus. Zn was also higher in M. agrestis and S. araneus but in A. sylvaticus it significantly decreased and, overall, there was good evidence of homeostatic control of Zn in all three species even at the high dietary intakes at the tailings dam. Accumulation in kidney, liver and bone(femur) showed the expected pattern with Pb and fluoride highest in bone and Cd in the kidney for both the control and the contaminated sites. The only exception was S. araneus at the contaminated site were Cd was highest in the liver rather than the kidney. The accumulation of Pb, Cd and fluoride at the contaminated site was in the decreasing species order S. araneus > M. agrestis > A. sylvaticus in terms of total body concentration or target organ concentration. This order probably reflected the decreasing dietary intake rates of the three species although physiological interspecific differences may be of significance. For example, S. araneus showed considerable capability for bioconcentrating Cd to much higher total body than dietary concentrations at the high dietary intake rates at the contaminated site.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025196398&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025196398&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00211502

DO - 10.1007/BF00211502

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 43

EP - 54

JO - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

JF - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

SN - 0049-6979

IS - 1-2

ER -