Kinetics study of ammonia removal from synthetic waste water

Edison Muzenda, John Kabuba, Freeman Ntuli Mansoor Mollagee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this study was to investigate ammonium exchange capacity of natural and activated clinoptilolite from Kwazulu-Natal Province, South Africa. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis showed that the clinoptilolite contained exchangeable ions of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. This analysis also confirmed that the zeolite sample had a high silicon composition compared to aluminum. Batch equilibrium studies were performed in an orbital shaker and the data fitted the Langmuir isotherm very well. The ammonium exchange capacity was found to increase with pH and temperature. Clinoptilolite fictionalization with hydrochloric acid increased its ammonia uptake ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalWorld Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Kinetics study of ammonia removal from synthetic waste water'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this