Investigation of initial peroxide index value influence on AFB1, AFB2, AFG2 and T-2 mycotoxins decomposition in sunflower oil

Paul Şerban Agachi, Gombos Sándor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, experiments were conducted to investigate mycotoxins homogenous photodegradation using various peroxide index (IP, caused by peroxides and hydroperoxides) in order to assess the efficiency of sunflower oil decontamination by ultravilolet light irradiation. Was studied the UV assisted peroxides activation, their contribution to decompose mycotoxins, to decrease their concentration. Was proposed a mathematical model of the process, model parameters were identified and adjusted with software environment. The photodegradation process efficiency increased differentiated using sunflower oil with higher peroxide indexes; there exist optimal values of peroxide index for each investigated mycotoxin. This way, the observed rate constants can be increased and the residual mycocotoxin concentration can be decreased. Using favorable peroxide index value in decontamination process provides an effective technology for the removal of mycotoxins from contaminated sunflower oil. The rapid degradation is related to the inherently contented peroxides transformation in reactive free radicals, this radicals reacting with mycotoxins. With the elaborated model is possible to predict the concentrations of residual mycotoxins in different operating conditions depending on initial peroxide index values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-241
Number of pages13
JournalStudia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Mycotoxins
Peroxides
Decomposition
Decontamination
Photodegradation
sunflower seed oil
Hydrogen Peroxide
Free Radicals
Rate constants
Chemical activation
Irradiation
Mathematical models
Degradation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "In this paper, experiments were conducted to investigate mycotoxins homogenous photodegradation using various peroxide index (IP, caused by peroxides and hydroperoxides) in order to assess the efficiency of sunflower oil decontamination by ultravilolet light irradiation. Was studied the UV assisted peroxides activation, their contribution to decompose mycotoxins, to decrease their concentration. Was proposed a mathematical model of the process, model parameters were identified and adjusted with software environment. The photodegradation process efficiency increased differentiated using sunflower oil with higher peroxide indexes; there exist optimal values of peroxide index for each investigated mycotoxin. This way, the observed rate constants can be increased and the residual mycocotoxin concentration can be decreased. Using favorable peroxide index value in decontamination process provides an effective technology for the removal of mycotoxins from contaminated sunflower oil. The rapid degradation is related to the inherently contented peroxides transformation in reactive free radicals, this radicals reacting with mycotoxins. With the elaborated model is possible to predict the concentrations of residual mycotoxins in different operating conditions depending on initial peroxide index values.",
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