Interpretation of breakthrough curves and seepage bounds from kaolinite, halloysite and illite/vermiculite mixed layer sub-tropical clayey soil-AMD interactions

Emmanuel Emem Obong Agbenyeku, Edison Muzenda, Innocent Mandla Msibi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The insistent climate change, population growth and depletion of natural recourses from mining and similar activities have triggered diverse environmental challenges. It has long been established that acid mine drainage (AMD) from mining operations in South Africa constitutes a serious environmental problem which requires dire attention. Contamination from AMD presents a severe risk requiring prevention and mitigation measures for curbing consequential impacts on environmental and human health. This increasing challenge led the study to investigate the breakthrough curves and seepage bounds of a kaolinite, halloysite and illite/vermiculite mixed layer subtropical clayey soil interacted with AMD in ascertaining its mineral buffering efficacy for use as natural contaminant barrier in areas under AMD attack. Sequential prolonged permeation up to 24 pore volume passage of AMD through the soil medium was done. The results of the study indicated that after approximately 2.4 pore volumes of 0.0IN CaS04, a baseline hydraulic conductivity of 1.3 x 10'" m/s was obtained for the soil which remained unchanged even after 19 pore volume of AMD seepage through the soil. The value was found to be below the accepted criterion of 1 X 10"9 m/s specified for clay liner construction in South Africa but may as well be considered for use as a natural material in the construction of composite barriers for acidproducing wastes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCECS 2016 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2016
EditorsWarren S. Grundfest, Craig Douglas, S. I. Ao
PublisherNewswood Limited
Pages560-565
Number of pages6
Volume2226
ISBN (Electronic)9789881404824
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016
Event2016 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2016 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Oct 19 2016Oct 21 2016

Other

Other2016 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2016
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period10/19/1610/21/16

Fingerprint

Kaolinite
Seepage
Drainage
Soils
Acids
Hydraulic conductivity
Permeation
Climate change
Clay
Contamination
Minerals
Health
Impurities
Composite materials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Agbenyeku, E. E. O., Muzenda, E., & Msibi, I. M. (2016). Interpretation of breakthrough curves and seepage bounds from kaolinite, halloysite and illite/vermiculite mixed layer sub-tropical clayey soil-AMD interactions. In W. S. Grundfest, C. Douglas, & S. I. Ao (Eds.), WCECS 2016 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2016 (Vol. 2226, pp. 560-565). Newswood Limited.
Agbenyeku, Emmanuel Emem Obong ; Muzenda, Edison ; Msibi, Innocent Mandla. / Interpretation of breakthrough curves and seepage bounds from kaolinite, halloysite and illite/vermiculite mixed layer sub-tropical clayey soil-AMD interactions. WCECS 2016 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2016. editor / Warren S. Grundfest ; Craig Douglas ; S. I. Ao. Vol. 2226 Newswood Limited, 2016. pp. 560-565
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abstract = "The insistent climate change, population growth and depletion of natural recourses from mining and similar activities have triggered diverse environmental challenges. It has long been established that acid mine drainage (AMD) from mining operations in South Africa constitutes a serious environmental problem which requires dire attention. Contamination from AMD presents a severe risk requiring prevention and mitigation measures for curbing consequential impacts on environmental and human health. This increasing challenge led the study to investigate the breakthrough curves and seepage bounds of a kaolinite, halloysite and illite/vermiculite mixed layer subtropical clayey soil interacted with AMD in ascertaining its mineral buffering efficacy for use as natural contaminant barrier in areas under AMD attack. Sequential prolonged permeation up to 24 pore volume passage of AMD through the soil medium was done. The results of the study indicated that after approximately 2.4 pore volumes of 0.0IN CaS04, a baseline hydraulic conductivity of 1.3 x 10'{"} m/s was obtained for the soil which remained unchanged even after 19 pore volume of AMD seepage through the soil. The value was found to be below the accepted criterion of 1 X 10{"}9 m/s specified for clay liner construction in South Africa but may as well be considered for use as a natural material in the construction of composite barriers for acidproducing wastes.",
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Agbenyeku, EEO, Muzenda, E & Msibi, IM 2016, Interpretation of breakthrough curves and seepage bounds from kaolinite, halloysite and illite/vermiculite mixed layer sub-tropical clayey soil-AMD interactions. in WS Grundfest, C Douglas & SI Ao (eds), WCECS 2016 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2016. vol. 2226, Newswood Limited, pp. 560-565, 2016 World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, WCECS 2016, San Francisco, United States, 10/19/16.

Interpretation of breakthrough curves and seepage bounds from kaolinite, halloysite and illite/vermiculite mixed layer sub-tropical clayey soil-AMD interactions. / Agbenyeku, Emmanuel Emem Obong; Muzenda, Edison; Msibi, Innocent Mandla.

WCECS 2016 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2016. ed. / Warren S. Grundfest; Craig Douglas; S. I. Ao. Vol. 2226 Newswood Limited, 2016. p. 560-565.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - The insistent climate change, population growth and depletion of natural recourses from mining and similar activities have triggered diverse environmental challenges. It has long been established that acid mine drainage (AMD) from mining operations in South Africa constitutes a serious environmental problem which requires dire attention. Contamination from AMD presents a severe risk requiring prevention and mitigation measures for curbing consequential impacts on environmental and human health. This increasing challenge led the study to investigate the breakthrough curves and seepage bounds of a kaolinite, halloysite and illite/vermiculite mixed layer subtropical clayey soil interacted with AMD in ascertaining its mineral buffering efficacy for use as natural contaminant barrier in areas under AMD attack. Sequential prolonged permeation up to 24 pore volume passage of AMD through the soil medium was done. The results of the study indicated that after approximately 2.4 pore volumes of 0.0IN CaS04, a baseline hydraulic conductivity of 1.3 x 10'" m/s was obtained for the soil which remained unchanged even after 19 pore volume of AMD seepage through the soil. The value was found to be below the accepted criterion of 1 X 10"9 m/s specified for clay liner construction in South Africa but may as well be considered for use as a natural material in the construction of composite barriers for acidproducing wastes.

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Agbenyeku EEO, Muzenda E, Msibi IM. Interpretation of breakthrough curves and seepage bounds from kaolinite, halloysite and illite/vermiculite mixed layer sub-tropical clayey soil-AMD interactions. In Grundfest WS, Douglas C, Ao SI, editors, WCECS 2016 - World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2016. Vol. 2226. Newswood Limited. 2016. p. 560-565