Infant-feeding practices of mothers and the nutritional status of infants in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province

Lindelani F. Mushaphi, X. G. Mbhenyane, L. B. Khoza, A. K.A. Amey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the breast-feeding and weaning practices of mothers and the nutritional status of infants in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province. Design: A descriptive and exploratory study was done. A sample of 185 mothers with 185 infants 12 months and younger was selected from five primary healthcare clinics. A validated questionnaire, which consisted of questions relating to demographic data, breast-feeding and weaning practices, was used. The weight and length measurements of the infants were taken. Results: The majority (97%) of the mothers were still breast-feeding at the time of the interviews. Only 7,6% practised exclusive breast-feeding, however, while 43,2% had introduced solid foods at three months and 15% before two months. The weaning food given by most of the mothers was maize-meal soft porridge and had been introduced before four months of age. The Z-score classification was used and showed that stunting (18,9%), underweight (7%) and wasting (7%) were present among the infants but that only wasting was found to be a disorder of public-health significance. The nutritional status of the infants was therefore not significantly influenced by the breast-feeding and weaning practices of the mothers or other demographic parameters. Conclusion: Breast-feeding was still practised by many of the mothers but exclusive breast-feeding was rare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalSouth African Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2008

Fingerprint

Breast Feeding
Nutritional Status
Mothers
Weaning
Demography
Growth Disorders
Food
Thinness
Zea mays
Meals
Primary Health Care
Public Health
Interviews
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

@article{df94594194cd43ea858cb731f4a58cf3,
title = "Infant-feeding practices of mothers and the nutritional status of infants in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province",
abstract = "Objective: To determine the breast-feeding and weaning practices of mothers and the nutritional status of infants in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province. Design: A descriptive and exploratory study was done. A sample of 185 mothers with 185 infants 12 months and younger was selected from five primary healthcare clinics. A validated questionnaire, which consisted of questions relating to demographic data, breast-feeding and weaning practices, was used. The weight and length measurements of the infants were taken. Results: The majority (97{\%}) of the mothers were still breast-feeding at the time of the interviews. Only 7,6{\%} practised exclusive breast-feeding, however, while 43,2{\%} had introduced solid foods at three months and 15{\%} before two months. The weaning food given by most of the mothers was maize-meal soft porridge and had been introduced before four months of age. The Z-score classification was used and showed that stunting (18,9{\%}), underweight (7{\%}) and wasting (7{\%}) were present among the infants but that only wasting was found to be a disorder of public-health significance. The nutritional status of the infants was therefore not significantly influenced by the breast-feeding and weaning practices of the mothers or other demographic parameters. Conclusion: Breast-feeding was still practised by many of the mothers but exclusive breast-feeding was rare.",
author = "Mushaphi, {Lindelani F.} and Mbhenyane, {X. G.} and Khoza, {L. B.} and Amey, {A. K.A.}",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/16070658.2008.11734159",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "36--41",
journal = "South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "1011-8578",
publisher = "Health and Medical Publishing Group",
number = "2",

}

Infant-feeding practices of mothers and the nutritional status of infants in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province. / Mushaphi, Lindelani F.; Mbhenyane, X. G.; Khoza, L. B.; Amey, A. K.A.

In: South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 21, No. 2, 01.01.2008, p. 36-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Infant-feeding practices of mothers and the nutritional status of infants in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province

AU - Mushaphi, Lindelani F.

AU - Mbhenyane, X. G.

AU - Khoza, L. B.

AU - Amey, A. K.A.

PY - 2008/1/1

Y1 - 2008/1/1

N2 - Objective: To determine the breast-feeding and weaning practices of mothers and the nutritional status of infants in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province. Design: A descriptive and exploratory study was done. A sample of 185 mothers with 185 infants 12 months and younger was selected from five primary healthcare clinics. A validated questionnaire, which consisted of questions relating to demographic data, breast-feeding and weaning practices, was used. The weight and length measurements of the infants were taken. Results: The majority (97%) of the mothers were still breast-feeding at the time of the interviews. Only 7,6% practised exclusive breast-feeding, however, while 43,2% had introduced solid foods at three months and 15% before two months. The weaning food given by most of the mothers was maize-meal soft porridge and had been introduced before four months of age. The Z-score classification was used and showed that stunting (18,9%), underweight (7%) and wasting (7%) were present among the infants but that only wasting was found to be a disorder of public-health significance. The nutritional status of the infants was therefore not significantly influenced by the breast-feeding and weaning practices of the mothers or other demographic parameters. Conclusion: Breast-feeding was still practised by many of the mothers but exclusive breast-feeding was rare.

AB - Objective: To determine the breast-feeding and weaning practices of mothers and the nutritional status of infants in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province. Design: A descriptive and exploratory study was done. A sample of 185 mothers with 185 infants 12 months and younger was selected from five primary healthcare clinics. A validated questionnaire, which consisted of questions relating to demographic data, breast-feeding and weaning practices, was used. The weight and length measurements of the infants were taken. Results: The majority (97%) of the mothers were still breast-feeding at the time of the interviews. Only 7,6% practised exclusive breast-feeding, however, while 43,2% had introduced solid foods at three months and 15% before two months. The weaning food given by most of the mothers was maize-meal soft porridge and had been introduced before four months of age. The Z-score classification was used and showed that stunting (18,9%), underweight (7%) and wasting (7%) were present among the infants but that only wasting was found to be a disorder of public-health significance. The nutritional status of the infants was therefore not significantly influenced by the breast-feeding and weaning practices of the mothers or other demographic parameters. Conclusion: Breast-feeding was still practised by many of the mothers but exclusive breast-feeding was rare.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=54449095936&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=54449095936&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/16070658.2008.11734159

DO - 10.1080/16070658.2008.11734159

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:54449095936

VL - 21

SP - 36

EP - 41

JO - South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 1011-8578

IS - 2

ER -