Impact Of Human Behavior On ITNs Control Strategies To Prevent The Spread Of Vector Borne Diseases

Manalebish Debalike Asfaw, Bruno Buonomo, Semu Mityiku Kassa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) is known to be one of the best
preventive mechanisms for mosquito-borne human diseases by avoiding infective mosquito bites. However, the effective use of them is affected by human behavior which is further fueled by the persuasive power of those who object their use. Taking this into account, we propose a mathematical model for mosquito-borne diseases transmission that considers the effect of information dependent human behavior in the use of ITNs. The model is mathematically analyzed to determine the basic reproduction number, and to study equilibria
and their stability. Moreover, optimal control theory is applied to the model and optimal strategy for implementing health-promotion campaigns is derived. Numerical simulations to the optimal control problem show that as the power of persuasion of the anti-ITNs use group becomes larger than those of the pro–ITNs use group in the population, the burden of the disease becomes more challenging and its control becomes more costly.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAAPP Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti, Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali
Volume96
Issue numberS3, A2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 30 2018

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insecticides
human behavior
Disease Vectors
vector-borne diseases
Insecticides
Human Behavior
Culicidae
mosquito
insecticide
Control Strategy
optimal control
Health Promotion
persuasion
Basic Reproduction Number
mosquito bites
mosquito-borne diseases
Persuasive Communication
Persuasion
disease transmission
health promotion

Cite this

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title = "Impact Of Human Behavior On ITNs Control Strategies To Prevent The Spread Of Vector Borne Diseases",
abstract = "The use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) is known to be one of the bestpreventive mechanisms for mosquito-borne human diseases by avoiding infective mosquito bites. However, the effective use of them is affected by human behavior which is further fueled by the persuasive power of those who object their use. Taking this into account, we propose a mathematical model for mosquito-borne diseases transmission that considers the effect of information dependent human behavior in the use of ITNs. The model is mathematically analyzed to determine the basic reproduction number, and to study equilibriaand their stability. Moreover, optimal control theory is applied to the model and optimal strategy for implementing health-promotion campaigns is derived. Numerical simulations to the optimal control problem show that as the power of persuasion of the anti-ITNs use group becomes larger than those of the pro–ITNs use group in the population, the burden of the disease becomes more challenging and its control becomes more costly.",
author = "Asfaw, {Manalebish Debalike} and Bruno Buonomo and Kassa, {Semu Mityiku}",
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N2 - The use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) is known to be one of the bestpreventive mechanisms for mosquito-borne human diseases by avoiding infective mosquito bites. However, the effective use of them is affected by human behavior which is further fueled by the persuasive power of those who object their use. Taking this into account, we propose a mathematical model for mosquito-borne diseases transmission that considers the effect of information dependent human behavior in the use of ITNs. The model is mathematically analyzed to determine the basic reproduction number, and to study equilibriaand their stability. Moreover, optimal control theory is applied to the model and optimal strategy for implementing health-promotion campaigns is derived. Numerical simulations to the optimal control problem show that as the power of persuasion of the anti-ITNs use group becomes larger than those of the pro–ITNs use group in the population, the burden of the disease becomes more challenging and its control becomes more costly.

AB - The use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) is known to be one of the bestpreventive mechanisms for mosquito-borne human diseases by avoiding infective mosquito bites. However, the effective use of them is affected by human behavior which is further fueled by the persuasive power of those who object their use. Taking this into account, we propose a mathematical model for mosquito-borne diseases transmission that considers the effect of information dependent human behavior in the use of ITNs. The model is mathematically analyzed to determine the basic reproduction number, and to study equilibriaand their stability. Moreover, optimal control theory is applied to the model and optimal strategy for implementing health-promotion campaigns is derived. Numerical simulations to the optimal control problem show that as the power of persuasion of the anti-ITNs use group becomes larger than those of the pro–ITNs use group in the population, the burden of the disease becomes more challenging and its control becomes more costly.

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