HYDROMETALLURGICAL EXTRACTION AND PRODUCTION OF MANGANESE DIOXIDE FROM KA’OJE (NIGERIA) MANGANESE ORE

R. A. Muriana, O. K. Abukakre, E. Muzenda, S. Ndlovu, A. Y. Yusuf, A. S. Abdulkareem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Battery-grade Manganese Dioxide (MD) was synthesised from Ka’oje manganese ore using hydrometallurgical extraction and thermal decomposition methods. Manganese from pre-reduced ore samples was leached out using dilute nitric acid as leachant. Effects of the acid concentration and temperature on leaching efficiency were investigated after which the eluate was purified using aqueous NaOH as the precipitation agent. The purified and crystallized manganese nitrate was thermally decomposed at 130 o C to synthesize the MD. The result showed that synthetic manganese dioxide with purity of 87.9 % was achieved. The MD was utilized in building Alkaline cell (Zn/NaOH/MnO 2 ) to establish its activeness. The constructed electrochemical battery had the produced MD as the cathode active material. The battery actively discharged upon loading (1 KΩ and 2 KΩ resistors) for 120 s after which the current stabilized. The voltage discharge was from 1.9 V to 0.21 V in 720 s. The battery practically re-energized itself back to initial state when unloaded. The results showed that the produced MD is a suitable active material in production of MnO 2 based batteries.  Keywords : Electrochemical batteries, Manganese ore, hydrometallurgical extraction
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Nigeria
Manganese
dioxides
Ores
manganese
minerals
electric batteries
Nitric Acid
Nitrates
Resistors
Leaching
manganese dioxide
Pyrolysis
Cathodes
nitric acid
leaching
Nitric acid
Acids
resistors
Electric potential

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Muriana, R. A., Abukakre, O. K., Muzenda, E., Ndlovu, S., Yusuf, A. Y., & Abdulkareem, A. S. (2017). HYDROMETALLURGICAL EXTRACTION AND PRODUCTION OF MANGANESE DIOXIDE FROM KA’OJE (NIGERIA) MANGANESE ORE. Journal of Materials Research, 13(3).
Muriana, R. A. ; Abukakre, O. K. ; Muzenda, E. ; Ndlovu, S. ; Yusuf, A. Y. ; Abdulkareem, A. S. / HYDROMETALLURGICAL EXTRACTION AND PRODUCTION OF MANGANESE DIOXIDE FROM KA’OJE (NIGERIA) MANGANESE ORE. In: Journal of Materials Research. 2017 ; Vol. 13, No. 3.
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abstract = "Battery-grade Manganese Dioxide (MD) was synthesised from Ka’oje manganese ore using hydrometallurgical extraction and thermal decomposition methods. Manganese from pre-reduced ore samples was leached out using dilute nitric acid as leachant. Effects of the acid concentration and temperature on leaching efficiency were investigated after which the eluate was purified using aqueous NaOH as the precipitation agent. The purified and crystallized manganese nitrate was thermally decomposed at 130 o C to synthesize the MD. The result showed that synthetic manganese dioxide with purity of 87.9 {\%} was achieved. The MD was utilized in building Alkaline cell (Zn/NaOH/MnO 2 ) to establish its activeness. The constructed electrochemical battery had the produced MD as the cathode active material. The battery actively discharged upon loading (1 KΩ and 2 KΩ resistors) for 120 s after which the current stabilized. The voltage discharge was from 1.9 V to 0.21 V in 720 s. The battery practically re-energized itself back to initial state when unloaded. The results showed that the produced MD is a suitable active material in production of MnO 2 based batteries.  Keywords : Electrochemical batteries, Manganese ore, hydrometallurgical extraction",
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HYDROMETALLURGICAL EXTRACTION AND PRODUCTION OF MANGANESE DIOXIDE FROM KA’OJE (NIGERIA) MANGANESE ORE. / Muriana, R. A.; Abukakre, O. K.; Muzenda, E.; Ndlovu, S.; Yusuf, A. Y.; Abdulkareem, A. S.

In: Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Battery-grade Manganese Dioxide (MD) was synthesised from Ka’oje manganese ore using hydrometallurgical extraction and thermal decomposition methods. Manganese from pre-reduced ore samples was leached out using dilute nitric acid as leachant. Effects of the acid concentration and temperature on leaching efficiency were investigated after which the eluate was purified using aqueous NaOH as the precipitation agent. The purified and crystallized manganese nitrate was thermally decomposed at 130 o C to synthesize the MD. The result showed that synthetic manganese dioxide with purity of 87.9 % was achieved. The MD was utilized in building Alkaline cell (Zn/NaOH/MnO 2 ) to establish its activeness. The constructed electrochemical battery had the produced MD as the cathode active material. The battery actively discharged upon loading (1 KΩ and 2 KΩ resistors) for 120 s after which the current stabilized. The voltage discharge was from 1.9 V to 0.21 V in 720 s. The battery practically re-energized itself back to initial state when unloaded. The results showed that the produced MD is a suitable active material in production of MnO 2 based batteries.  Keywords : Electrochemical batteries, Manganese ore, hydrometallurgical extraction

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