Hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming

Zs Tasnadi-Asztalos, C. C. Cormos, P. S. Agachi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper is evaluating two power generation concepts based on hydrogen produced from bioethanol steam reforming at industrial scale without and with carbon capture. The power generation from bioethanol conversion is based on two important steps: hydrogen production from bioethanol catalytic steam reforming and electricity generation using a hydrogen-fuelled gas turbine. As carbon capture method to be assessed in hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming, the gas-liquid absorption using methyl-di-ethanol-amine (MDEA) was used. Bioethanol is a renewable energy carrier mainly produced from biomass fermentation. Steam reforming of bioethanol (SRE) provides a promising method for hydrogen and power production from renewable resources. SRE is performed at high temperatures (e.g. 800-900°C) to reduce the reforming by-products (e.g. ethane, ethene). The power generation from hydrogen was done with M701G2 gas turbine (334 MW net power output). Hydrogen was obtained through catalytic steam reforming of bioethanol without and with carbon capture. For the evaluated plant concepts the following key performance indicators were assessed: fuel consumption, gross and net power outputs, net electrical efficiency, ancillary consumptions, carbon capture rate, specific CO2 emission etc. As the results show, the power generation based on bioethanol conversion has high energy efficiency and low carbon footprint.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015
EditorsAlexandra Falamas, Ioan Turcu
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1700
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413474
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 23 2015
Event10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015 - Cluj-Napoca
Duration: Sep 23 2015Sep 25 2015

Other

Other10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015
CityCluj-Napoca
Period9/23/159/25/15

Fingerprint

steam
hydrogen
carbon
gas turbines
hydrogen production
fuel consumption
fermentation
renewable energy
output
footprints
biomass
electricity
ethane
resources
amines
ethyl alcohol
liquids
gases
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Tasnadi-Asztalos, Z., Cormos, C. C., & Agachi, P. S. (2015). Hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming. In A. Falamas, & I. Turcu (Eds.), 10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015 (Vol. 1700). [050001] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4938439
Tasnadi-Asztalos, Zs ; Cormos, C. C. ; Agachi, P. S. / Hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming. 10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015. editor / Alexandra Falamas ; Ioan Turcu. Vol. 1700 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015.
@inproceedings{ebba041c52914f92b3c4fd031578dac6,
title = "Hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming",
abstract = "This paper is evaluating two power generation concepts based on hydrogen produced from bioethanol steam reforming at industrial scale without and with carbon capture. The power generation from bioethanol conversion is based on two important steps: hydrogen production from bioethanol catalytic steam reforming and electricity generation using a hydrogen-fuelled gas turbine. As carbon capture method to be assessed in hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming, the gas-liquid absorption using methyl-di-ethanol-amine (MDEA) was used. Bioethanol is a renewable energy carrier mainly produced from biomass fermentation. Steam reforming of bioethanol (SRE) provides a promising method for hydrogen and power production from renewable resources. SRE is performed at high temperatures (e.g. 800-900°C) to reduce the reforming by-products (e.g. ethane, ethene). The power generation from hydrogen was done with M701G2 gas turbine (334 MW net power output). Hydrogen was obtained through catalytic steam reforming of bioethanol without and with carbon capture. For the evaluated plant concepts the following key performance indicators were assessed: fuel consumption, gross and net power outputs, net electrical efficiency, ancillary consumptions, carbon capture rate, specific CO2 emission etc. As the results show, the power generation based on bioethanol conversion has high energy efficiency and low carbon footprint.",
author = "Zs Tasnadi-Asztalos and Cormos, {C. C.} and Agachi, {P. S.}",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1063/1.4938439",
language = "English",
volume = "1700",
editor = "Alexandra Falamas and Ioan Turcu",
booktitle = "10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",

}

Tasnadi-Asztalos, Z, Cormos, CC & Agachi, PS 2015, Hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming. in A Falamas & I Turcu (eds), 10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015. vol. 1700, 050001, American Institute of Physics Inc., 10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015, Cluj-Napoca, 9/23/15. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4938439

Hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming. / Tasnadi-Asztalos, Zs; Cormos, C. C.; Agachi, P. S.

10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015. ed. / Alexandra Falamas; Ioan Turcu. Vol. 1700 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. 050001.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming

AU - Tasnadi-Asztalos, Zs

AU - Cormos, C. C.

AU - Agachi, P. S.

PY - 2015/12/23

Y1 - 2015/12/23

N2 - This paper is evaluating two power generation concepts based on hydrogen produced from bioethanol steam reforming at industrial scale without and with carbon capture. The power generation from bioethanol conversion is based on two important steps: hydrogen production from bioethanol catalytic steam reforming and electricity generation using a hydrogen-fuelled gas turbine. As carbon capture method to be assessed in hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming, the gas-liquid absorption using methyl-di-ethanol-amine (MDEA) was used. Bioethanol is a renewable energy carrier mainly produced from biomass fermentation. Steam reforming of bioethanol (SRE) provides a promising method for hydrogen and power production from renewable resources. SRE is performed at high temperatures (e.g. 800-900°C) to reduce the reforming by-products (e.g. ethane, ethene). The power generation from hydrogen was done with M701G2 gas turbine (334 MW net power output). Hydrogen was obtained through catalytic steam reforming of bioethanol without and with carbon capture. For the evaluated plant concepts the following key performance indicators were assessed: fuel consumption, gross and net power outputs, net electrical efficiency, ancillary consumptions, carbon capture rate, specific CO2 emission etc. As the results show, the power generation based on bioethanol conversion has high energy efficiency and low carbon footprint.

AB - This paper is evaluating two power generation concepts based on hydrogen produced from bioethanol steam reforming at industrial scale without and with carbon capture. The power generation from bioethanol conversion is based on two important steps: hydrogen production from bioethanol catalytic steam reforming and electricity generation using a hydrogen-fuelled gas turbine. As carbon capture method to be assessed in hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming, the gas-liquid absorption using methyl-di-ethanol-amine (MDEA) was used. Bioethanol is a renewable energy carrier mainly produced from biomass fermentation. Steam reforming of bioethanol (SRE) provides a promising method for hydrogen and power production from renewable resources. SRE is performed at high temperatures (e.g. 800-900°C) to reduce the reforming by-products (e.g. ethane, ethene). The power generation from hydrogen was done with M701G2 gas turbine (334 MW net power output). Hydrogen was obtained through catalytic steam reforming of bioethanol without and with carbon capture. For the evaluated plant concepts the following key performance indicators were assessed: fuel consumption, gross and net power outputs, net electrical efficiency, ancillary consumptions, carbon capture rate, specific CO2 emission etc. As the results show, the power generation based on bioethanol conversion has high energy efficiency and low carbon footprint.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84984577314&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84984577314&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4938439

DO - 10.1063/1.4938439

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 1700

BT - 10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015

A2 - Falamas, Alexandra

A2 - Turcu, Ioan

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -

Tasnadi-Asztalos Z, Cormos CC, Agachi PS. Hydrogen-based power generation from bioethanol steam reforming. In Falamas A, Turcu I, editors, 10th International Conference Processes in Isotopes and Molecules, PIM 2015. Vol. 1700. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2015. 050001 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4938439