High resolution conductometry for isotopic assay of deuterium in mixtures of heavy water and light water

R. Ananthanarayanan, P. Sahoo, N. Murali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A PC based high resolution conductivity monitoring technique has been deployed for determination of isotopic purity of heavy water in samples containing heavy water and light water mixtures using pulsating sensor based conductivity monitoring instrument. The technique involves accurate determination of conductivities of a series of specially treated heavy water and light water mixtures of various compositions at a constant solution temperature. The shift in conductivity (Δκ), which is the difference between conductivities of composite mixture after and before the formation of a typical complex compound (boric acid-mannitol complex in this case), shows a smooth and reproducible decreasing trend with increase in percentage composition of heavy water. This relation, which is obtained by appropriate calibration, is used in the software program for direct display of isotopic purity of heavy water. The technique is examined for determination of percentage composition of heavy water in the entire range of concentration (0-100 %) with reasonable precision (relative standard deviation, RSD ≤1.5 %). About 1 mL of sample is required for each analysis and analysis is completed within a couple of minutes after pretreatment of sample. The accuracy in measurement is ≤1.75 %. © 2013 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-301
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume299
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Conductometry
Deuterium Oxide
Heavy water
Deuterium
Assays
Water
Chemical analysis
Boric acid
Hungary
Monitoring
Mannitol
Calibration
Software
Display devices
Temperature
Sensors
Composite materials

Cite this

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title = "High resolution conductometry for isotopic assay of deuterium in mixtures of heavy water and light water",
abstract = "A PC based high resolution conductivity monitoring technique has been deployed for determination of isotopic purity of heavy water in samples containing heavy water and light water mixtures using pulsating sensor based conductivity monitoring instrument. The technique involves accurate determination of conductivities of a series of specially treated heavy water and light water mixtures of various compositions at a constant solution temperature. The shift in conductivity (Δκ), which is the difference between conductivities of composite mixture after and before the formation of a typical complex compound (boric acid-mannitol complex in this case), shows a smooth and reproducible decreasing trend with increase in percentage composition of heavy water. This relation, which is obtained by appropriate calibration, is used in the software program for direct display of isotopic purity of heavy water. The technique is examined for determination of percentage composition of heavy water in the entire range of concentration (0-100 {\%}) with reasonable precision (relative standard deviation, RSD ≤1.5 {\%}). About 1 mL of sample is required for each analysis and analysis is completed within a couple of minutes after pretreatment of sample. The accuracy in measurement is ≤1.75 {\%}. {\circledC} 2013 Akad{\'e}miai Kiad{\'o}, Budapest, Hungary.",
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High resolution conductometry for isotopic assay of deuterium in mixtures of heavy water and light water. / Ananthanarayanan, R.; Sahoo, P.; Murali, N.

In: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 299, No. 1, 2014, p. 293-301.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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