The objective of the present study is to investigate the effects of the variable magnetic field, chemical reaction, thermal radiation, Soret effect, and variable heat absorption on the fluid flow and heat and mass transfer of an unsteady Casson fluid past a stretching surface in a saturated porous medium. Velocity slip near the plate and conjugate heating boundary conditions in heat and mass transfer have been considered in this study. Due to the complexities in boundary conditions, the analytic solution of the governing equations of the present model is not possible. Thus, to overcome these issues, the coupled partial differential equations of the model are converted into a set of ordinary differential equations using similarity transformation. These equations have then been solved numerically using the fourth-order Runge-Kutta technique via the shooting method. The effects of various pertinent flow parameters on the velocity, concentration, and temperature field have been studied graphically. For the field of engineering, to get an insight into the physical quantities, especially Nusselt number, Sherwood number, and skin friction, their numerical values have been estimated against various parameters and presented in tables. From the tabulated values, it has been perceived that the shear stress increases with an increase in magnetic parameter, unsteadiness parameter, Casson parameter, and heat source parameter, whereas the Biot number shows the reverse trend. The mixture of porous media has justified that the heat transport process over a stretching sheet results in averting heat loss and accelerating the process of cooling, which is a significant outcome of the study. Furthermore, it has also been revealed that with the increase in the Soret effect and magnetic field, there is a reduction in the fluid velocity and temperature near the plate, whereas there is an increase in the species concentration. It has also been mentioned that the effects of the variable magnetic field have been widely applied in various engineering applications like magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) propulsion forces, rate of cooling, MHD power generation, and so on.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Condensed Matter Physics