Growth and yield of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) in fly ash with nutrient amendments and Mycorrhiza for three-ratoon period

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Abstract

Environmental and health concerns due to fly ash dumpsite could be prevented by phytostabilization using non-food crops that will prevent pollutants’ migration and provide additional economic returns. The growth and yield of Cymbopogon citratus in the fly ash dumpsite were evaluated in a pot experiment for a three-ratoon period. Application of compost, mycorrhiza, and NPK fertilizer, singly or the combination compost + mycorrhiza, compost + NPK fertilizer, mycorrhiza + NPK fertilizer, and compost + mycorrhiza + NPK fertilizer had increased the dry matter yield and the total essential oil content compared to the control. NPK fertilization regardless of compost and mycorrhiza resulted in more than 5-fold yield over the control. Compost lowered the available heavy metals from fly ash and supplied some essential nutrients while mycorrhiza could have improved water and nutrients acquisition and uptake. However, the nutrients supplied by the compost cannot sustain the requirements for the three-ratoon period. NPK fertilization, compost, and mycorrhiza reduced the concentrations of Cr, Cu, Ni, and Pb in shoots and in essential oil. Overall, the combined application of compost, mycorrhiza, and NPK fertilization at the rate of 120-90-90 kg NPK/ha could enhance the phytostabilization potential of C. citratus in fly ash and produce a high amount of essential oil with a low concentration of heavy metals that could be safe for human use.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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