Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)

Thomas von Clarmann, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, Gizaw Mengistu Tsidu, M. Milz, T. Steck, G. P. Stiller, H. Fischer, Bernd Funke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Vertical profiles of stratospheric HOCl were retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) aboard the Envisat research satellite. These are the first HOCl measurements with global coverage. The v2 transitions between 1215.725 and 1275.550 cm-1 were used for inference of the vertical profiles. The maximal volume mixing ratios were found in the tropics at altitudes of ∼35 km (daytime) and ∼37 km (nighttime), with values up to 0.22 ppbv and 0.23 ppbv for zonal mean values at 5° latitude binning. The peak altitude of nonpolar nighttime measurements is on average higher by 2.4 ± 0.3 km compared to nonpolar daytime measurements and higher by 2.2 ± 0.3 km at high latitudes poleward of ±45° compared to respective equatorward latitudes. The diurnal variability is largest at 30°S at 46 km altitude, reaching amplitudes of 0.11 ppbv. In the Antarctic a secondary peak at 23-25 km (0.14 ppbv) was found on 19-24 September 2002, which is attributed to heterogeneous chemistry. An estimated single-profile precision of 0.03-0.08 ppbv could be achieved at an altitude resolution of 9 km in an altitude range between 20 and 50 km. Taking the trend into account, these measurements are reasonably consistent with former far-infrared measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberD05311
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume111
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 16 2006

Fingerprint

MIPAS
atmospheric sounding
Michelson interferometers
Upper atmosphere
limbs
limb
emission spectra
Infrared radiation
daytime
vertical profile
profiles
Tropics
mixing ratios
inference
tropical regions
mixing ratio
polar regions
tropics
chemistry
distribution

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

von Clarmann, Thomas ; Glatthor, N. ; Grabowski, U. ; Höpfner, M. ; Kellmann, S. ; Linden, A. ; Tsidu, Gizaw Mengistu ; Milz, M. ; Steck, T. ; Stiller, G. P. ; Fischer, H. ; Funke, Bernd. / Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 2006 ; Vol. 111, No. 5.
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abstract = "Vertical profiles of stratospheric HOCl were retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) aboard the Envisat research satellite. These are the first HOCl measurements with global coverage. The v2 transitions between 1215.725 and 1275.550 cm-1 were used for inference of the vertical profiles. The maximal volume mixing ratios were found in the tropics at altitudes of ∼35 km (daytime) and ∼37 km (nighttime), with values up to 0.22 ppbv and 0.23 ppbv for zonal mean values at 5° latitude binning. The peak altitude of nonpolar nighttime measurements is on average higher by 2.4 ± 0.3 km compared to nonpolar daytime measurements and higher by 2.2 ± 0.3 km at high latitudes poleward of ±45° compared to respective equatorward latitudes. The diurnal variability is largest at 30°S at 46 km altitude, reaching amplitudes of 0.11 ppbv. In the Antarctic a secondary peak at 23-25 km (0.14 ppbv) was found on 19-24 September 2002, which is attributed to heterogeneous chemistry. An estimated single-profile precision of 0.03-0.08 ppbv could be achieved at an altitude resolution of 9 km in an altitude range between 20 and 50 km. Taking the trend into account, these measurements are reasonably consistent with former far-infrared measurements.",
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von Clarmann, T, Glatthor, N, Grabowski, U, Höpfner, M, Kellmann, S, Linden, A, Tsidu, GM, Milz, M, Steck, T, Stiller, GP, Fischer, H & Funke, B 2006, 'Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)', Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 111, no. 5, D05311. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JD005939

Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). / von Clarmann, Thomas; Glatthor, N.; Grabowski, U.; Höpfner, M.; Kellmann, S.; Linden, A.; Tsidu, Gizaw Mengistu; Milz, M.; Steck, T.; Stiller, G. P.; Fischer, H.; Funke, Bernd.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 111, No. 5, D05311, 16.03.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)

AU - von Clarmann, Thomas

AU - Glatthor, N.

AU - Grabowski, U.

AU - Höpfner, M.

AU - Kellmann, S.

AU - Linden, A.

AU - Tsidu, Gizaw Mengistu

AU - Milz, M.

AU - Steck, T.

AU - Stiller, G. P.

AU - Fischer, H.

AU - Funke, Bernd

PY - 2006/3/16

Y1 - 2006/3/16

N2 - Vertical profiles of stratospheric HOCl were retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) aboard the Envisat research satellite. These are the first HOCl measurements with global coverage. The v2 transitions between 1215.725 and 1275.550 cm-1 were used for inference of the vertical profiles. The maximal volume mixing ratios were found in the tropics at altitudes of ∼35 km (daytime) and ∼37 km (nighttime), with values up to 0.22 ppbv and 0.23 ppbv for zonal mean values at 5° latitude binning. The peak altitude of nonpolar nighttime measurements is on average higher by 2.4 ± 0.3 km compared to nonpolar daytime measurements and higher by 2.2 ± 0.3 km at high latitudes poleward of ±45° compared to respective equatorward latitudes. The diurnal variability is largest at 30°S at 46 km altitude, reaching amplitudes of 0.11 ppbv. In the Antarctic a secondary peak at 23-25 km (0.14 ppbv) was found on 19-24 September 2002, which is attributed to heterogeneous chemistry. An estimated single-profile precision of 0.03-0.08 ppbv could be achieved at an altitude resolution of 9 km in an altitude range between 20 and 50 km. Taking the trend into account, these measurements are reasonably consistent with former far-infrared measurements.

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