Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)

Thomas von Clarmann, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, Gizaw Mengistu Tsidu, M. Milz, T. Steck, G. P. Stiller, H. Fischer, Bernd Funke

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    Vertical profiles of stratospheric HOCl were retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) aboard the Envisat research satellite. These are the first HOCl measurements with global coverage. The v2 transitions between 1215.725 and 1275.550 cm-1 were used for inference of the vertical profiles. The maximal volume mixing ratios were found in the tropics at altitudes of ∼35 km (daytime) and ∼37 km (nighttime), with values up to 0.22 ppbv and 0.23 ppbv for zonal mean values at 5° latitude binning. The peak altitude of nonpolar nighttime measurements is on average higher by 2.4 ± 0.3 km compared to nonpolar daytime measurements and higher by 2.2 ± 0.3 km at high latitudes poleward of ±45° compared to respective equatorward latitudes. The diurnal variability is largest at 30°S at 46 km altitude, reaching amplitudes of 0.11 ppbv. In the Antarctic a secondary peak at 23-25 km (0.14 ppbv) was found on 19-24 September 2002, which is attributed to heterogeneous chemistry. An estimated single-profile precision of 0.03-0.08 ppbv could be achieved at an altitude resolution of 9 km in an altitude range between 20 and 50 km. Taking the trend into account, these measurements are reasonably consistent with former far-infrared measurements.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberD05311
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
    Volume111
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 16 2006

    Fingerprint

    MIPAS
    atmospheric sounding
    Michelson interferometers
    Upper atmosphere
    limbs
    limb
    emission spectra
    Infrared radiation
    daytime
    vertical profile
    profiles
    Tropics
    mixing ratios
    inference
    tropical regions
    mixing ratio
    polar regions
    tropics
    chemistry
    distribution

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • Oceanography
    • Forestry
    • Ecology
    • Aquatic Science
    • Water Science and Technology
    • Soil Science
    • Geochemistry and Petrology
    • Earth-Surface Processes
    • Atmospheric Science
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Palaeontology

    Cite this

    von Clarmann, Thomas ; Glatthor, N. ; Grabowski, U. ; Höpfner, M. ; Kellmann, S. ; Linden, A. ; Tsidu, Gizaw Mengistu ; Milz, M. ; Steck, T. ; Stiller, G. P. ; Fischer, H. ; Funke, Bernd. / Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 2006 ; Vol. 111, No. 5.
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    abstract = "Vertical profiles of stratospheric HOCl were retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) aboard the Envisat research satellite. These are the first HOCl measurements with global coverage. The v2 transitions between 1215.725 and 1275.550 cm-1 were used for inference of the vertical profiles. The maximal volume mixing ratios were found in the tropics at altitudes of ∼35 km (daytime) and ∼37 km (nighttime), with values up to 0.22 ppbv and 0.23 ppbv for zonal mean values at 5° latitude binning. The peak altitude of nonpolar nighttime measurements is on average higher by 2.4 ± 0.3 km compared to nonpolar daytime measurements and higher by 2.2 ± 0.3 km at high latitudes poleward of ±45° compared to respective equatorward latitudes. The diurnal variability is largest at 30°S at 46 km altitude, reaching amplitudes of 0.11 ppbv. In the Antarctic a secondary peak at 23-25 km (0.14 ppbv) was found on 19-24 September 2002, which is attributed to heterogeneous chemistry. An estimated single-profile precision of 0.03-0.08 ppbv could be achieved at an altitude resolution of 9 km in an altitude range between 20 and 50 km. Taking the trend into account, these measurements are reasonably consistent with former far-infrared measurements.",
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    year = "2006",
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    von Clarmann, T, Glatthor, N, Grabowski, U, Höpfner, M, Kellmann, S, Linden, A, Tsidu, GM, Milz, M, Steck, T, Stiller, GP, Fischer, H & Funke, B 2006, 'Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)', Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 111, no. 5, D05311. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JD005939

    Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). / von Clarmann, Thomas; Glatthor, N.; Grabowski, U.; Höpfner, M.; Kellmann, S.; Linden, A.; Tsidu, Gizaw Mengistu; Milz, M.; Steck, T.; Stiller, G. P.; Fischer, H.; Funke, Bernd.

    In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 111, No. 5, D05311, 16.03.2006.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Global stratospheric HOCl distributions retrieved from infrared limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS)

    AU - von Clarmann, Thomas

    AU - Glatthor, N.

    AU - Grabowski, U.

    AU - Höpfner, M.

    AU - Kellmann, S.

    AU - Linden, A.

    AU - Tsidu, Gizaw Mengistu

    AU - Milz, M.

    AU - Steck, T.

    AU - Stiller, G. P.

    AU - Fischer, H.

    AU - Funke, Bernd

    PY - 2006/3/16

    Y1 - 2006/3/16

    N2 - Vertical profiles of stratospheric HOCl were retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) aboard the Envisat research satellite. These are the first HOCl measurements with global coverage. The v2 transitions between 1215.725 and 1275.550 cm-1 were used for inference of the vertical profiles. The maximal volume mixing ratios were found in the tropics at altitudes of ∼35 km (daytime) and ∼37 km (nighttime), with values up to 0.22 ppbv and 0.23 ppbv for zonal mean values at 5° latitude binning. The peak altitude of nonpolar nighttime measurements is on average higher by 2.4 ± 0.3 km compared to nonpolar daytime measurements and higher by 2.2 ± 0.3 km at high latitudes poleward of ±45° compared to respective equatorward latitudes. The diurnal variability is largest at 30°S at 46 km altitude, reaching amplitudes of 0.11 ppbv. In the Antarctic a secondary peak at 23-25 km (0.14 ppbv) was found on 19-24 September 2002, which is attributed to heterogeneous chemistry. An estimated single-profile precision of 0.03-0.08 ppbv could be achieved at an altitude resolution of 9 km in an altitude range between 20 and 50 km. Taking the trend into account, these measurements are reasonably consistent with former far-infrared measurements.

    AB - Vertical profiles of stratospheric HOCl were retrieved from limb emission spectra recorded by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) aboard the Envisat research satellite. These are the first HOCl measurements with global coverage. The v2 transitions between 1215.725 and 1275.550 cm-1 were used for inference of the vertical profiles. The maximal volume mixing ratios were found in the tropics at altitudes of ∼35 km (daytime) and ∼37 km (nighttime), with values up to 0.22 ppbv and 0.23 ppbv for zonal mean values at 5° latitude binning. The peak altitude of nonpolar nighttime measurements is on average higher by 2.4 ± 0.3 km compared to nonpolar daytime measurements and higher by 2.2 ± 0.3 km at high latitudes poleward of ±45° compared to respective equatorward latitudes. The diurnal variability is largest at 30°S at 46 km altitude, reaching amplitudes of 0.11 ppbv. In the Antarctic a secondary peak at 23-25 km (0.14 ppbv) was found on 19-24 September 2002, which is attributed to heterogeneous chemistry. An estimated single-profile precision of 0.03-0.08 ppbv could be achieved at an altitude resolution of 9 km in an altitude range between 20 and 50 km. Taking the trend into account, these measurements are reasonably consistent with former far-infrared measurements.

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