Gasification process - A practical way for solid fossil fuels decarbonisation

Cǎlin Cristian Cormoş, Şerban Paul Agachi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This paper investigates the technical aspects of solid fossil fuels decarbonisation by gasification process. More specifically, it focuses on the technical evaluation and the assessment of performance of an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) scheme modified for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). One of the key units of such a plant is the gasification island, a number various commercial gasification reactors (mainly entrained-flow types of dry feed and slurry feed) are evaluated for decarbonisation of fossil fuels (coal). The significant issues in the overall design of fossil fuels decarbonisation process using gasification process are: proper choice of gasification reactor and feedstock (e.g. fluxing or fuel blending), downstream syngas treatment options (shift conversion of carbon monoxide, syngas desulphurization and later carbon dioxide capture) and finally the usage of combustible decarbonised gas for various energy vectors poly-generation (e.g. power, H2 etc.). Finally, whole process for one case study (using Siemens gasification reactor) was mathematical modeled and simulated using ChemCAD software for the particular case of hydrogen and electricity co-production scheme based on coal with carbon capture and storage.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)81-91
    Number of pages11
    JournalStudia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia
    Volume1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    Decarbonization
    Fossil fuels
    Gasification
    Carbon capture
    Coal
    Carbon Monoxide
    Carbon Dioxide
    Feedstocks
    Power generation
    Hydrogen
    Electricity
    Gases

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Chemistry(all)

    Cite this

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    abstract = "This paper investigates the technical aspects of solid fossil fuels decarbonisation by gasification process. More specifically, it focuses on the technical evaluation and the assessment of performance of an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) scheme modified for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). One of the key units of such a plant is the gasification island, a number various commercial gasification reactors (mainly entrained-flow types of dry feed and slurry feed) are evaluated for decarbonisation of fossil fuels (coal). The significant issues in the overall design of fossil fuels decarbonisation process using gasification process are: proper choice of gasification reactor and feedstock (e.g. fluxing or fuel blending), downstream syngas treatment options (shift conversion of carbon monoxide, syngas desulphurization and later carbon dioxide capture) and finally the usage of combustible decarbonised gas for various energy vectors poly-generation (e.g. power, H2 etc.). Finally, whole process for one case study (using Siemens gasification reactor) was mathematical modeled and simulated using ChemCAD software for the particular case of hydrogen and electricity co-production scheme based on coal with carbon capture and storage.",
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    Gasification process - A practical way for solid fossil fuels decarbonisation. / Cormoş, Cǎlin Cristian; Agachi, Şerban Paul.

    In: Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia, Vol. 1, 2009, p. 81-91.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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