Garnet-bearing low-Sr and high-Sr Singelele leucogranite: A record of Neoarchean episodic melting in collisional setting and Paleoproterozoic overprint in the Beit Bridge complex, southern Africa

H. M. Rajesh, G. A. Belyanin, O. G. Safonov, C. Vorster, D. D. Van Reenen

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The study presents field, petrographic, mineral chemical, bulk-rock geochemical, U–Pb zircon and 40Ar/39Ar amphibole-biotite geochronologic characteristics of the Singelele leucogranite, which constitutes a prominent Neoarchean magmatic event in the Beit Bridge Complex terrane of the Limpopo Complex, southern Africa. The Singelele leucogranite is magnesian to ferroan, calcic to alkalic and peraluminous. Two groups of granites are distinguished on the basis of bulk-rock Sr content and garnet chemistry: low-Sr with low-XMg garnet and high-Sr with high XMg garnet. Major and trace element characteristics show that these two groups were, probably, generated by a fluid-absent melting of crustal rocks like metagreywacke at different depths in collision tectonic setting. Spatial distribution and available geochronologic data indicate that these two groups represent two episodes of Singelele leucogranite magmatism: low-Sr at ~2.68–2.65 Ga and high-Sr at ~2.63–2.62 Ga. The Singelele leucogranite occurring close to major fold structures and faults/shear zones are locally affected by anatectic and metasomatic Paleoproterozoic overprint at ~2.0 Ga (2037 ± 21 Ma and 2015 ± 15 Ma U-Pb for zircon overgrowths). Zoning of coarse garnet grains with a decrease of XCa in the melting-overprinted rocks reflects decompression of about 3–4 kbar. The metasomatic overprint produces Cl-F-rich biotite-2 and amphibole. Phase equilibria modeling shows a lack of equilibrium between these minerals and earlier garnet, and indicates modification of the garnet composition by metasomatism. 40Ar/39Ar ages for amphibole (2043 ± 18 Ma, 1994 ± 12 Ma) and biotite-2 (1985 ± 11 Ma, 1967 ± 11 Ma) are consistent with the zircon overgrowth ages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-86
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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