Fluoride tolerance in grasses with particular reference to fluorspar mine waste

J. A. Cooke, M. S. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A bioassay experiment on fluorspar mine waste comparing the performance of the native waste populations and non-native populations of Festuca rubra suggested that the native plants grew better. In further experiments using solutions of sodium fluoride, percentage germination and root extension growth was greater in plants native to fluorspar sites. In a sand culture experiment, populations of Deschampsia cespitosa and Agrostis tenuis native to fluorspar sites showed a greater overall increase in dry weight in 9 weeks than did non-mine plant populations when watered with sodium fluoride solution. These experiments suggest that grass populations native to fluorspar sites have a certain degree of tolerance to the elevated fluoride concentations in the substrate. The ecological significance of this, with particular regard to reclamation, of these wastes, is difficult to assess at this time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalFluoride - Quarterly Reports
Volume11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1978

Fingerprint

Fluorspar
fluorides
Poaceae
Fluorides
grasses
Sodium Fluoride
sodium fluoride
Population
Experiments
Agrostis
Festuca
Deschampsia cespitosa
Bioassay
Reclamation
Agrostis capillaris
Festuca rubra
Germination
Sand
Biological Assay
bioassays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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Fluoride tolerance in grasses with particular reference to fluorspar mine waste. / Cooke, J. A.; Johnson, M. S.

In: Fluoride - Quarterly Reports, Vol. 11, No. 4, 01.01.1978, p. 179-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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