This paper presents column studies conducted to evaluate and assess the potential use of Fly Ash (FA). Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag (BOFS) based geopolymers to remove metals, sulphates and acidity from Acid Mine Drainage (AMD). Geopolymers were prepared using NaOH, Fly ash (FA) was used as source of silica additive to supplement BOFS. The blending ratio was fixed to 10% FA and the S/L ratio was kept 20%. The H2O2 was used as a blowing agent to increase the porosity of the FA/BOFS based geopolymer at four different percentages (1.5%, 1%, 0.5% and 0%). The four different geopolymers with distinct porosities were employed in different columns respectively. It was found that over 99% removal efficiency of metals and sulphates was achieved in the first 60 days of column studies. The dissolution of Ca(OH)2 was the main constituent responsible for the removal of acidity in AMD. Characterization revealed that precipitation was the main mechanism for removal of metals. Gypsum was the main byproduct formed with precipitated metals presented by goethite, spertite and manganite.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Mechanical Engineering