Extraction of nanocellulose and in-situ casting of ZnO/cellulose nanocomposite with enhanced photocatalytic and antibacterial activity

Kebadiretse Lefatshe, Cosmas M. Muiva, Lemme P. Kebaabetswe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)


Polymer hosted metallic nanostructures with diverse applications have become a prominent area of materials science, engineering and technology. In this study nanocellulose (NC) was synthesized from oil palm empty fruit bunches biomass via alkaline treatment and acid hydrolysis and characterized. The obtained NC was used as a host polymer for the synthesis of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures through in-situ solution casting method. Alkaline treatment and acid hydrolysis increased the percentage crystalline index from 35.7% to 43.3% and 53.3% respectively. X-ray diffraction studies pointed to cellulose I, with a monoclinic structure. Zinc oxide/cellulose nanocomposite displayed more photocatalytic activity than pure ZnO nanostructures upon degradation of methylene blue, and also improved antibacterial activity against Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative Escherichia coli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-308
Number of pages8
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2017


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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