EVALUATION OF SURFACE MODIFIED NATURAL ZEOLITE AS A NOVEL SORBENT FOR DECOLORIZATION OF DISTILLERY WASTEWATER

Jacob Kitinya, M. S. Onyango, A. Ochieng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Distillery effluents are normally characterized by high chemical oxygen demand (COD), high polyphenol content, and high acidic and dark colour. The dark brown colour is caused by the presence of a pigment called melanoidin. The pigment reduces sunlight penetration in water bodies thereby affecting aquatic life. This study consequently evaluates the use of surface modified natural zeolite in the removal of melanoidin present in distillery wastewaters. Batch and column sorption studies were carried out to evaluate the performance of the modified zeolite in the removal of melanoidin. Under batch experiment, equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic studies were performed. The effects of sorbent mass, initial solution pH, initial concentration and temperature were examined. The equilibrium sorption data obtained were fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The thermodynamic studies indicated that th...
Original languageEnglish
JournalGauteng Tertiary Institutions’ 5th Water Research Showcase (WRS2012)
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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zeolite
pigment
sorption
thermodynamics
wastewater
chemical oxygen demand
isotherm
penetration
effluent
kinetics
experiment
temperature
removal
evaluation
effect
water body

Cite this

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title = "EVALUATION OF SURFACE MODIFIED NATURAL ZEOLITE AS A NOVEL SORBENT FOR DECOLORIZATION OF DISTILLERY WASTEWATER",
abstract = "Distillery effluents are normally characterized by high chemical oxygen demand (COD), high polyphenol content, and high acidic and dark colour. The dark brown colour is caused by the presence of a pigment called melanoidin. The pigment reduces sunlight penetration in water bodies thereby affecting aquatic life. This study consequently evaluates the use of surface modified natural zeolite in the removal of melanoidin present in distillery wastewaters. Batch and column sorption studies were carried out to evaluate the performance of the modified zeolite in the removal of melanoidin. Under batch experiment, equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic studies were performed. The effects of sorbent mass, initial solution pH, initial concentration and temperature were examined. The equilibrium sorption data obtained were fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The thermodynamic studies indicated that th...",
author = "Jacob Kitinya and Onyango, {M. S.} and A. Ochieng",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
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AU - Kitinya, Jacob

AU - Onyango, M. S.

AU - Ochieng, A.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Distillery effluents are normally characterized by high chemical oxygen demand (COD), high polyphenol content, and high acidic and dark colour. The dark brown colour is caused by the presence of a pigment called melanoidin. The pigment reduces sunlight penetration in water bodies thereby affecting aquatic life. This study consequently evaluates the use of surface modified natural zeolite in the removal of melanoidin present in distillery wastewaters. Batch and column sorption studies were carried out to evaluate the performance of the modified zeolite in the removal of melanoidin. Under batch experiment, equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic studies were performed. The effects of sorbent mass, initial solution pH, initial concentration and temperature were examined. The equilibrium sorption data obtained were fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The thermodynamic studies indicated that th...

AB - Distillery effluents are normally characterized by high chemical oxygen demand (COD), high polyphenol content, and high acidic and dark colour. The dark brown colour is caused by the presence of a pigment called melanoidin. The pigment reduces sunlight penetration in water bodies thereby affecting aquatic life. This study consequently evaluates the use of surface modified natural zeolite in the removal of melanoidin present in distillery wastewaters. Batch and column sorption studies were carried out to evaluate the performance of the modified zeolite in the removal of melanoidin. Under batch experiment, equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic studies were performed. The effects of sorbent mass, initial solution pH, initial concentration and temperature were examined. The equilibrium sorption data obtained were fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The thermodynamic studies indicated that th...

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