Evaluation of CO2 capture process and operational challenges by dynamic simulation

Ana Maria Cormos, Jozsef Gaspar, Paul Serban Agachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper aims to develop, validate (against experimental results from literature and pilot plant operation) a dynamic mathematical model of CO2 capture process and to investigate absorption performance of different type of alkanolamines (e.g. MEA, AMP etc.) for wide domain of operating conditions. The challenges are to model the complex phenomena associated with the absorber/desorber unit without losing important information and to ensure minimal differences between simulation and experimental results. The mathematical model of carbon dioxide absorption includes differential equations, e.g. mass and heat transfer models to study the coupled effect of temperature and concentration on the absorption rate, reaction kinetics, vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE), hydrodynamic aspects etc. Determinant parts of the absorption model are the effective interfacial area, the mass transfer coefficient, heat transfer coefficient, pressure drop and liquid hold-up models. Dynamic simulation of different scenarios of dynamic behavior of carbon capture process is presented. The developed mathematical model is used to evaluate CO 2 capture process for wide domain of operating conditions, in order to predict with accuracy the process parameters (liquid and gaseous flows, composition of the streams, temperatures etc.) and column's parameters (mass transfer area, mass transfer coefficient, pressure drop).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-191
Number of pages5
JournalComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2 2012

Fingerprint

Mass transfer
Computer simulation
Mathematical models
Pressure drop
Alkanolamines
Carbon capture
Liquids
Adenosine Monophosphate
Carbon Monoxide
Pilot plants
Carbon Dioxide
Reaction kinetics
Phase equilibria
Heat transfer coefficients
Flow of fluids
Carbon dioxide
Differential equations
Hydrodynamics
Heat transfer
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

@article{7d9695db4bda44f683eba23a029e42a8,
title = "Evaluation of CO2 capture process and operational challenges by dynamic simulation",
abstract = "This paper aims to develop, validate (against experimental results from literature and pilot plant operation) a dynamic mathematical model of CO2 capture process and to investigate absorption performance of different type of alkanolamines (e.g. MEA, AMP etc.) for wide domain of operating conditions. The challenges are to model the complex phenomena associated with the absorber/desorber unit without losing important information and to ensure minimal differences between simulation and experimental results. The mathematical model of carbon dioxide absorption includes differential equations, e.g. mass and heat transfer models to study the coupled effect of temperature and concentration on the absorption rate, reaction kinetics, vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE), hydrodynamic aspects etc. Determinant parts of the absorption model are the effective interfacial area, the mass transfer coefficient, heat transfer coefficient, pressure drop and liquid hold-up models. Dynamic simulation of different scenarios of dynamic behavior of carbon capture process is presented. The developed mathematical model is used to evaluate CO 2 capture process for wide domain of operating conditions, in order to predict with accuracy the process parameters (liquid and gaseous flows, composition of the streams, temperatures etc.) and column's parameters (mass transfer area, mass transfer coefficient, pressure drop).",
author = "Cormos, {Ana Maria} and Jozsef Gaspar and Agachi, {Paul Serban}",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-444-59519-5.50038-1",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "187--191",
journal = "Computer Aided Chemical Engineering",
issn = "1570-7946",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Evaluation of CO2 capture process and operational challenges by dynamic simulation. / Cormos, Ana Maria; Gaspar, Jozsef; Agachi, Paul Serban.

In: Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, Vol. 30, 02.07.2012, p. 187-191.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of CO2 capture process and operational challenges by dynamic simulation

AU - Cormos, Ana Maria

AU - Gaspar, Jozsef

AU - Agachi, Paul Serban

PY - 2012/7/2

Y1 - 2012/7/2

N2 - This paper aims to develop, validate (against experimental results from literature and pilot plant operation) a dynamic mathematical model of CO2 capture process and to investigate absorption performance of different type of alkanolamines (e.g. MEA, AMP etc.) for wide domain of operating conditions. The challenges are to model the complex phenomena associated with the absorber/desorber unit without losing important information and to ensure minimal differences between simulation and experimental results. The mathematical model of carbon dioxide absorption includes differential equations, e.g. mass and heat transfer models to study the coupled effect of temperature and concentration on the absorption rate, reaction kinetics, vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE), hydrodynamic aspects etc. Determinant parts of the absorption model are the effective interfacial area, the mass transfer coefficient, heat transfer coefficient, pressure drop and liquid hold-up models. Dynamic simulation of different scenarios of dynamic behavior of carbon capture process is presented. The developed mathematical model is used to evaluate CO 2 capture process for wide domain of operating conditions, in order to predict with accuracy the process parameters (liquid and gaseous flows, composition of the streams, temperatures etc.) and column's parameters (mass transfer area, mass transfer coefficient, pressure drop).

AB - This paper aims to develop, validate (against experimental results from literature and pilot plant operation) a dynamic mathematical model of CO2 capture process and to investigate absorption performance of different type of alkanolamines (e.g. MEA, AMP etc.) for wide domain of operating conditions. The challenges are to model the complex phenomena associated with the absorber/desorber unit without losing important information and to ensure minimal differences between simulation and experimental results. The mathematical model of carbon dioxide absorption includes differential equations, e.g. mass and heat transfer models to study the coupled effect of temperature and concentration on the absorption rate, reaction kinetics, vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE), hydrodynamic aspects etc. Determinant parts of the absorption model are the effective interfacial area, the mass transfer coefficient, heat transfer coefficient, pressure drop and liquid hold-up models. Dynamic simulation of different scenarios of dynamic behavior of carbon capture process is presented. The developed mathematical model is used to evaluate CO 2 capture process for wide domain of operating conditions, in order to predict with accuracy the process parameters (liquid and gaseous flows, composition of the streams, temperatures etc.) and column's parameters (mass transfer area, mass transfer coefficient, pressure drop).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862859017&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862859017&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-444-59519-5.50038-1

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-444-59519-5.50038-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84862859017

VL - 30

SP - 187

EP - 191

JO - Computer Aided Chemical Engineering

JF - Computer Aided Chemical Engineering

SN - 1570-7946

ER -