Evaluation of chemical looping systems as carbon capture option to be applied to gasification processes

Calin Cristian Cormos, Ana Maria Cormos, Serban Agachi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Reducing greenhouse gas emissions generated from energy sector in the following years is a compulsory step to the transition to low carbon resource efficient economy. Among various methods to reduce CO2 emissions, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies have a special importance. A promising carbon capture method to be applied in energy conversion processes for reducing the energy penalty associated with carbon capture is based on chemical looping systems. This paper investigates CO2 capture based on chemical looping systems suitable to be applied in an IGCC plant for energy vectors poly-generation with emphasis on hydrogen and power co-generation case. The coal-based IGCC cases produce about 400-600 MW net electricity and a flexible hydrogen output from zero up to 150 MW hydrogen (based on hydrogen lower heating value) with almost total carbon capture rate of the used fossil fuel. A particular accent is put in the paper on the assessment of process integration issues of gasifier island and syngas conditioning line with the chemical looping unit, mathematical modeling and simulation of whole plant, thermal and power integration of chemical looping unit in the whole IGCC plant (using pinch analysis) and discussing quality specifications for captured CO2 stream considering storage in geological formations or using for EOR.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)199-204
    Number of pages6
    JournalComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
    Volume32
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    Carbon capture
    Gasification
    Hydrogen
    Sodium Glutamate
    Coal
    Gas emissions
    Fossil fuels
    Energy conversion
    Greenhouse gases
    Carbon
    Electricity
    Specifications
    Heating

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Computer Science Applications

    Cite this

    @article{ad256288735a4f9797eba93da1f7c895,
    title = "Evaluation of chemical looping systems as carbon capture option to be applied to gasification processes",
    abstract = "Reducing greenhouse gas emissions generated from energy sector in the following years is a compulsory step to the transition to low carbon resource efficient economy. Among various methods to reduce CO2 emissions, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies have a special importance. A promising carbon capture method to be applied in energy conversion processes for reducing the energy penalty associated with carbon capture is based on chemical looping systems. This paper investigates CO2 capture based on chemical looping systems suitable to be applied in an IGCC plant for energy vectors poly-generation with emphasis on hydrogen and power co-generation case. The coal-based IGCC cases produce about 400-600 MW net electricity and a flexible hydrogen output from zero up to 150 MW hydrogen (based on hydrogen lower heating value) with almost total carbon capture rate of the used fossil fuel. A particular accent is put in the paper on the assessment of process integration issues of gasifier island and syngas conditioning line with the chemical looping unit, mathematical modeling and simulation of whole plant, thermal and power integration of chemical looping unit in the whole IGCC plant (using pinch analysis) and discussing quality specifications for captured CO2 stream considering storage in geological formations or using for EOR.",
    author = "Cormos, {Calin Cristian} and Cormos, {Ana Maria} and Serban Agachi",
    year = "2013",
    doi = "10.1016/B978-0-444-63234-0.50034-8",
    language = "English",
    volume = "32",
    pages = "199--204",
    journal = "Computer Aided Chemical Engineering",
    issn = "1570-7946",
    publisher = "Elsevier",

    }

    Evaluation of chemical looping systems as carbon capture option to be applied to gasification processes. / Cormos, Calin Cristian; Cormos, Ana Maria; Agachi, Serban.

    In: Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, Vol. 32, 2013, p. 199-204.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Evaluation of chemical looping systems as carbon capture option to be applied to gasification processes

    AU - Cormos, Calin Cristian

    AU - Cormos, Ana Maria

    AU - Agachi, Serban

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - Reducing greenhouse gas emissions generated from energy sector in the following years is a compulsory step to the transition to low carbon resource efficient economy. Among various methods to reduce CO2 emissions, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies have a special importance. A promising carbon capture method to be applied in energy conversion processes for reducing the energy penalty associated with carbon capture is based on chemical looping systems. This paper investigates CO2 capture based on chemical looping systems suitable to be applied in an IGCC plant for energy vectors poly-generation with emphasis on hydrogen and power co-generation case. The coal-based IGCC cases produce about 400-600 MW net electricity and a flexible hydrogen output from zero up to 150 MW hydrogen (based on hydrogen lower heating value) with almost total carbon capture rate of the used fossil fuel. A particular accent is put in the paper on the assessment of process integration issues of gasifier island and syngas conditioning line with the chemical looping unit, mathematical modeling and simulation of whole plant, thermal and power integration of chemical looping unit in the whole IGCC plant (using pinch analysis) and discussing quality specifications for captured CO2 stream considering storage in geological formations or using for EOR.

    AB - Reducing greenhouse gas emissions generated from energy sector in the following years is a compulsory step to the transition to low carbon resource efficient economy. Among various methods to reduce CO2 emissions, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies have a special importance. A promising carbon capture method to be applied in energy conversion processes for reducing the energy penalty associated with carbon capture is based on chemical looping systems. This paper investigates CO2 capture based on chemical looping systems suitable to be applied in an IGCC plant for energy vectors poly-generation with emphasis on hydrogen and power co-generation case. The coal-based IGCC cases produce about 400-600 MW net electricity and a flexible hydrogen output from zero up to 150 MW hydrogen (based on hydrogen lower heating value) with almost total carbon capture rate of the used fossil fuel. A particular accent is put in the paper on the assessment of process integration issues of gasifier island and syngas conditioning line with the chemical looping unit, mathematical modeling and simulation of whole plant, thermal and power integration of chemical looping unit in the whole IGCC plant (using pinch analysis) and discussing quality specifications for captured CO2 stream considering storage in geological formations or using for EOR.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84879015369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84879015369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-444-63234-0.50034-8

    DO - 10.1016/B978-0-444-63234-0.50034-8

    M3 - Article

    VL - 32

    SP - 199

    EP - 204

    JO - Computer Aided Chemical Engineering

    JF - Computer Aided Chemical Engineering

    SN - 1570-7946

    ER -