A simple mathematical model for human disease epidemics that takes the human learning behaviour and self-protective measures into account is proposed and investigated. We have analysed the effect of endogenous self-protective measures with respect to the prevalence level of the disease and conversely. In the model it is assumed that people start reacting against contracting a disease with self-protective measures whenever they are informed about the disease and when the burden of the disease is in a recognizable stage. It is shown that increasing the average effectiveness of self-protective measures is more important in decreasing the prevalence of a disease than increasing the proportion of individuals in a population into which awareness is created.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Applied Mathematics
- Modelling and Simulation
- Statistics and Probability