Environmental chemistry and mineralogy of particulate air matter around Selebi Phikwe nickel-copper plant, Botswana

G. Ekosse, D. J. Van den Heever, L. De Jager, O. Totolo

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed at chemically and mineralogically characterizing whole particulate air matter (PAM) occurring at the Selebi Phikwe nickel-copper (Ni-Cu) area in Botswana, and postulating its possible environmental implications. Heavy metals concentrations in PAM samples around the Selebi Phikwe Ni-Cu plant were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry and the mineral phases identified by X-ray powder diffraction technique. The particles consisted of quartz, pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite, albite and djurleite. Concentration levels of heavy metals contained in PAM samples could be related to mineral phases present. Quite significantly is the occurrence of djurleite, which has not been found in both the orebody and surrounding soils. Djurleite polymorphs formed from secondary mineralization of chalcocite and the gases H2S and SO2 released from concentration/smelting processes. Possible environmental chemistry of the whole PAM based on its mineralogy at Selebi Phikwe area is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-353
Number of pages5
JournalMinerals Engineering
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2004
EventProcessing and Disposal of Minerals Industry Waste 2003 - Falmouth, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 18 2003Jun 18 2003

Fingerprint

Mineralogy
Nickel
Copper
nickel
mineralogy
copper
air
Heavy Metals
Air
Heavy metals
Minerals
heavy metal
Atomic absorption spectrometry
Quartz
Smelting
smelting
mineral
pyrrhotite
albite
Polymorphism

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

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abstract = "This study aimed at chemically and mineralogically characterizing whole particulate air matter (PAM) occurring at the Selebi Phikwe nickel-copper (Ni-Cu) area in Botswana, and postulating its possible environmental implications. Heavy metals concentrations in PAM samples around the Selebi Phikwe Ni-Cu plant were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry and the mineral phases identified by X-ray powder diffraction technique. The particles consisted of quartz, pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite, albite and djurleite. Concentration levels of heavy metals contained in PAM samples could be related to mineral phases present. Quite significantly is the occurrence of djurleite, which has not been found in both the orebody and surrounding soils. Djurleite polymorphs formed from secondary mineralization of chalcocite and the gases H2S and SO2 released from concentration/smelting processes. Possible environmental chemistry of the whole PAM based on its mineralogy at Selebi Phikwe area is discussed.",
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Environmental chemistry and mineralogy of particulate air matter around Selebi Phikwe nickel-copper plant, Botswana. / Ekosse, G.; Van den Heever, D. J.; De Jager, L.; Totolo, O.

In: Minerals Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 2, 01.02.2004, p. 349-353.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - Environmental chemistry and mineralogy of particulate air matter around Selebi Phikwe nickel-copper plant, Botswana

AU - Ekosse, G.

AU - Van den Heever, D. J.

AU - De Jager, L.

AU - Totolo, O.

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AB - This study aimed at chemically and mineralogically characterizing whole particulate air matter (PAM) occurring at the Selebi Phikwe nickel-copper (Ni-Cu) area in Botswana, and postulating its possible environmental implications. Heavy metals concentrations in PAM samples around the Selebi Phikwe Ni-Cu plant were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry and the mineral phases identified by X-ray powder diffraction technique. The particles consisted of quartz, pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite, albite and djurleite. Concentration levels of heavy metals contained in PAM samples could be related to mineral phases present. Quite significantly is the occurrence of djurleite, which has not been found in both the orebody and surrounding soils. Djurleite polymorphs formed from secondary mineralization of chalcocite and the gases H2S and SO2 released from concentration/smelting processes. Possible environmental chemistry of the whole PAM based on its mineralogy at Selebi Phikwe area is discussed.

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